Reliable information about the frequency of annual peak streamflow is needed for floodplain management, objective assessment of flood risk, and cost-effective design of dams, levees, other flood-control structures, and roads, bridges, and culverts. Generalized skew coefficients are among the data needed for log-Pearson type III peak-streamflow frequency analyses of annual peak streamflows. A technique is presented to estimate generalized skew coefficients used for log-Pearson type III peak-streamflow frequency analyses of annual peak streamflow from natural watersheds (minimal regulation and minimal impervious cover). The estimation of generalized skew coefficients was based on annual and historical peak streamflow data from an initial set of 444 selected USGS streamgaging stations (streamgages) with at least 30 years of recorded annual peak streamflows from natural watersheds in Texas, Oklahoma, and the part of New Mexico east of the Great Continental Divide. The primary focus was to obtain information that could be used to update previously published generalized skew coefficients in Texas.
Of the 444 candidate streamgages, 341 were used in the final construction of statistical models. Two generalized additive models (GAMs) were used to predict generalized skew based on a 2-dimensional smooth on projected Albers equal area coordinates of either (1) the locations of the centroids of the gaged watersheds or (2) the streamgage locations. To create maps of generalized skew coefficients, predictions were made on a 1-kilometer grid and contour lines were superimposed. The centroid-location map, with a mean-squared error (MSE) of 0.216, is preferred. Generalized skew coefficients from the centroid-location map, along with the MSE, are useful for computing weighted-skew values when conducting frequency analyses of annual peak streamflow following the guidelines set forth in Bulletin 17C. Based on the results of the study, text revision of the TxDOT Hydraulic Design Manual could be made.
|Title||Technique to estimate generalized skew coefficients of annual peak streamflow for natural watershed conditions in Texas, Oklahoma, and eastern New Mexico|
|Authors||William H. Asquith, Monica Veale Yesildirek, Raven N. Landers, Theodore G Cleveland, Zheng N. Fang, Jiaqi Zhang|
|Publication Type||Book Chapter|
|Publication Subtype||Book Chapter|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Oklahoma-Texas Water Science Center|