Regions

Arizona

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 119
RAMPS scientist meeting with two land managers in arid shrubland
Date Published: December 9, 2016
Status: Active

RAMPS: Restoration Assessment & Monitoring Program for the Southwest

The Restoration Assessment and Monitoring Program for the Southwest (RAMPS) seeks to assist U.S. Department of the Interior and other land management agencies and private partners in developing successful restoration strategies for dryland ecosystems of the southwestern United States. Invasive species, drought, habitat loss, fire, urban expansion, and other disturbances have degraded...

Erosion along the Rio Puerco during the flood of 2006 following herbicide application to control saltcedar in 2003.
Date Published: December 3, 2016

Erosion and Invasive Saltcedar

Formation of arroyos in the late 1800s greatly increased erosion across the southwestern United States. Since the 1930s, however, this erosion has decreased, partly because of bank stabilization by introduced saltcedar. With Isleta Pueblo Indian Nation, the Aquatic Systems Branch developed a new sediment dating method using saltcedar tree rings. We applied the method in a landmark study of...

Vegetation along the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon
Date Published: December 1, 2016

Riparian Ecology

Riparian ecologists in the AS Branch study interactions among flow, channel change, and vegetation along rivers across the western United States and worldwide. Our work focuses on issues relevant to the management of water and public lands, including dam operation, climate change, invasive species, and ecological restoration. Investigations take place on a range of scales. For example,...

The South Platte River. USGS Water Science Center image.
Date Published: November 29, 2016

Science to Inform Riparian Ecosystem Restoration and Management

Throughout the world, riparian habitats have been dramatically modified from their natural condition. Dams, non-native species and climate change are often principal drivers of these changes, via their alteration of water and sediment regimes that determine key resources for riparian plants.

The Bill Williams River in Arizona. USGS photo.
Date Published: November 29, 2016

Large-scale streamflow experiments

Because the underlying cause of riparian system alteration is often attributed to the effects of dams on flow regime, managing flow releases, particularly high flows, from dams is an often-advocated approach to river and riparian restoration. Our work has focused on understanding effects of managed high flow releases (a.k.a., pulse flows, controlled floods) from dams along rivers in the lower...

Extensive defoliation of tamarisk (orange/brown vegetation throughout mid-ground) along the Virgin River, Arizona, 2009.
Date Published: November 28, 2016

Biological Invasions of Riparian Ecosystems

Beginning in the early twentieth century, non-native trees and shrubs, including tamarisk (also commonly known as saltcedar) and Russian-olive, were introduced to the United States for use as ornamental plants and in erosion-control plantings. These plants spread extensively, becoming the third and fourth most frequently occurring woody riparian plants in the American West.

 

The unregulated Santa Maria River in west-central Arizona.
Date Published: November 28, 2016

Streamflow-fluvial Geomorphology-riparian Vegetation Interactions

The foundation for applying science to river and riparian restoration contexts lies in a basic understanding of the factors that drive riparian vegetation dynamics. Much of our research is focused on clarifying relationships between streamflow, fluvial geomorphology, and riparian vegetation, including various feedbacks.

This is a picture of a Grasshopper sparrow nest
Date Published: November 21, 2016

Status and Breeding Ecology of the Arizona Grasshopper Sparrow

The Arizona Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum ammolegus) is a disjunct race that breeds in desert grasslands of southeastern Arizona, extreme southwestern New Mexico, and adjacent parts of northern Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico.

Nambe grasslands, New Mexico.
Date Published: September 23, 2016
Status: Active

The New Mexico Landscapes Field Station

The New Mexico Landscapes Field Station is a place-based, globally-connected, ecological research group that studies and interprets ecosystem and wildlife dynamics, working with land managers and community leaders to deliver solutions that foster the linked health of human and natural systems.

Our partnerships, and co-location, with land management agencies provide us with opportunities...

A bat with White-nose syndrome hanging in a cave. Photo by USFWS.
Date Published: September 21, 2016

External Microbiota of Bats as Potential Bio-control Against Wildlife Diseases

White-nose syndrome (WNS) and/or Pseudogymnoascus destructans (P.d.), the causal agent, has spread westward across 26 states and 5 provinces within the eastern United States and Canada, respectively, over a short period of time. Since its discovery there has been a search to stop the spread of this disease that has killed millions of hibernating bats in its wake. Recent collaborative work by...

This area needs to recover from fire damage to its trees.
Date Published: September 20, 2016

Post-fire Recovery Patterns in Southwestern Forests

High-severity crown fires in Southwestern dry-conifer forests — resulting from fire suppression, fuel buildups, and drought — are creating large treeless areas that are historically unprecedented in size. These recent stand-replacing fires have reset extensive portions of Southwest forest landscapes, fostering post-fire successional vegetation that can alter ecological recovery trajectories...

Contacts: Collin Haffey
a cross section of a tree used for dating
Date Published: August 30, 2016

New Mexico Dendroecology Lab

Using tree ring analysis as a primary research tool, we conduct landscape-scale ecological research that focuses on the effects of climate variability on forest ecology, fire ecology, and ecohydrology. 

We are the only tree-ring lab in New Mexico, working in close collaboration with Bandelier National Monument and Emeritus Regents’ Professor Dr. Thomas Swetnam.  However, we were not the...

Filter Total Items: 126
Year Published: 1987

Estimates of average annual tributary inflow to the lower Colorado River, Hoover Dam to Mexico

Estimates of tributary inflow by basin or area and by surface water or groundwater are presented in this report and itemized by subreaches in tabular form. Total estimated average annual tributary inflow to the Colorado River between Hoover Dam and Mexico, excluding the measured tributaries, is 96,000 acre-ft or about 1% of the 7.5 million acre-ft...

Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.
Estimates of average annual tributary inflow to the lower Colorado River, Hoover Dam to Mexico; 1987; WRI; 87-4078; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.

Year Published: 1987

Progress report on the ground-water, surface-water, and quality-of-water monitoring program, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona, 1987

The N aquifer is an important source of water in the 5,400 sq-mi Black Mesa area on the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations. The Black Mesa monitoring program is designed to monitor long-term effects on the groundwater resources of the mesa as a result of withdrawals from the aquifer by the strip-mining operation of Peabody Coal Company....

Hill, G.W.; Sottilare, J.P.
Progress report on the ground-water, surface-water, and quality-of-water monitoring program, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona, 1987; 1987; OFR; 87-458; Hill, G. W.; Sottilare, J. P.

Year Published: 1986

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1984 to spring 1985

In arid and semiarid regions such as Arizona, the availability of adequate water supplies has a significant influence on the type and extent of economic development. About two-thirds of the water used in the State is groundwater. The nature and extent of the groundwater reservoirs must be known for proper management of this valuable resource. The...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1984 to spring 1985; 1986; OFR; 86-422-W; Geological Survey (U.S.)

Year Published: 1986

Evapotranspiration estimates using remote-sensing data, Parker and Palo Verde valleys, Arizona and California

In 1981 the U.S. Geological Survey established an experimental project to assess the possible and practical use of remote sensing data to estimate evapotranspiration as an approximation of consumptive use in the lower Colorado River flood plain. The project area was in Parker Valley, Arizona. The approach selected was to measure the areas covered...

Raymond, L.H.; Rezin, K.V.
Evapotranspiration estimates using remote-sensing data, Parker and Palo Verde valleys, Arizona and California; 1986; OFR; 86-67; Raymond, L. H.; Rezin, K. V.

Year Published: 1986

Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program; 1985-86

Hill, George W.; Whetten, Marlin I.
Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program; 1985-86; 1986; OFR; 86-414-W; Hill, George W.; Whetten, Marlin I.

Year Published: 1985

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, Spring 1983 to Spring 1984

A summary map shows various aspects of groundwater availability in Arizona. Potential well production, in increments of 0 to 10 gpm, 10 to 500 gpm, and 50 to 2500 gpm (average 1000 gpm) os the primary emphasis of the map; however, data on changes in water level from spring 1983 to spring 1984, status of groundwater inventory, and estimated...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, Spring 1983 to Spring 1984; 1985; OFR; 85-410; Geological Survey (U.S.)

Year Published: 1985

Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program, 1984

The N aquifer is an important source of water in the 5,400 square-mile Black Mesa area on the Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations. The project is designed to monitor long-term effects on the ground-water resources of the mesa as a result of withdrawals from the aquifer by a strip-mining operation. Withdrawals from the N aquifer by the mine have...

Hill, G.W.
Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program, 1984; 1985; OFR; 85-483; Hill, G. W.

Year Published: 1984

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Palo Verde-Cibola area, California and Arizona

Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Palo Verde-Cibola area, California and Arizona; 1984; WRI; 84-4236; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.

Year Published: 1984

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Parker area, Arizona and California

Leake, S.A.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the Colorado River in the Parker area, Arizona and California; 1984; WRI; 84-4229; Leake, S. A.

Year Published: 1984

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1982 to spring 1983

The withdrawal of ground water was slightly less than 4.2 million acre-feet in Arizona in 1982, which is about 1.2 million acre-feet less than the amount withdrawn in 1981. Most of the decrease in 1982 was in the amount of ground water used for irrigation in the Basin and Range lowlands province. Through 1982, slightly more than 193 million acre-...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1982 to spring 1983; 1984; OFR; 84-428; Geological Survey (U.S.)

Year Published: 1983

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California

Loeltz, Omar J.; Leake, S.A.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California; 1983; WRI; 83-4220; Loeltz, O. J.; Leake, S. A.

Year Published: 1983

A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California; executive summary

Loeltz, Omar J.; Leake, S.A.
A method for estimating ground-water return flow to the lower Colorado River in the Yuma area, Arizona and California; executive summary; 1983; WRI; 83-4221; Loeltz, O. J.; Leake, S. A.

Filter Total Items: 192
Image: Dust Storm Near Winslow, Arizona, in April 2011
April 1, 2011

Dust Storm Near Winslow, Arizona, in April 2011

Dust carried by the wind has far-reaching effects, including the loss of nutrients and water-holding capacity from landscapes, and the speeding up of the melting of snow, which affects the timing and magnitude of runoff into streams and rivers.

Image: Dust Storm near Winslow, Arizona, in April  2011
April 1, 2011

Dust Storm near Winslow, Arizona, in April 2011

Dust carried by the wind has far-reaching effects, including the loss of nutrients and water-holding capacity from landscapes, and the speeding up of the melting of snow, which affects the timing and magnitude of runoff into streams and rivers.

Image: Dust Storm Near Winslow, Arizona, in April 2011
April 1, 2011

Dust Storm Near Winslow, Arizona, in April 2011

Dust carried by the wind has far-reaching effects, including the loss of nutrients and water-holding capacity from landscapes, and the speeding up of the melting of snow, which affects the timing and magnitude of runoff into streams and rivers.

March 10, 2011

Seepage Investigation: Clear Creek and Little Colorado River

Stream gaging occurring in Winslow: Clear Creek and Little Colorado River.

September 8, 2010

Grand Falls

Flooding taking place at Grand falls.

Image: Smoke From Schultz Pass Forest Fire, Flagstaff, Arizona, June 20, 2010
June 20, 2010

Smoke From Schultz Pass Forest Fire, Flagstaff, Arizona, June 20, 2010

Panorama (180 degree field of view) photograph of smoke rising from the Schultz Pass fire near Flagstaff, Arizona, at 1:34 p.m. on its day of ignition, June 20, 2010.  Over the following 10 days, the fire burned an estimated 15,075 acres, or more than 23 square miles of northern Arizona forest, and cost more than $8.6 million to fight. The fire was started by a campfire

...
Image: Grand Canyon Investigations: 131 Years in the Field
April 12, 2010

Grand Canyon Investigations: 131 Years in the Field

Staff at the USGS Central Region Library created two displays for an open-house in celebration of National Library Week, April, 2010. This display on USGS scientific investigtations of the Grand Canyon displays field records, historical photography,historical surveying equipment, and publications from the science areas of biology, geology, geography, and water.

Image: Saguaro National Park, East Unit, Southern Arizona - 2010
March 29, 2010

Saguaro National Park, East Unit, Southern Arizona - 2010

Saguaro National Monument is now Saguaro National Park. The decline is saguaros has continued but at a rate slightly less steep than predicted. Very few of the saguaro present in 1935 remain. Meanwhile, the regeneration of this forest has already begun, as shown by findings from a long-term study-plot located at left midground. There has been a sharp increase in

...
March 21, 2010

Explaining Flood Measurements

Explaning why USGS streamgagers make discharge measurements.

March 21, 2010

Measuring Low Flow in San Pedro River

Measuring low flow in the San Pedro River with flume.

January 27, 2010

Streamflow Measurement, Pinto Creek, AZ (Jan 2010)

USGS streamgagers, Mike Sanders, Arthur Rees, and Mike Schilling, are servicing the Pinto Creek near Miami, Arizona streamflow gaging station and making a streamflow measurement on January 28, 2010. Flow was measured to be 207 cubic feet per second (CFS) on the 28th but peaked earlier on the 22nd at an estimated 7,400 cfs. Debris from the flood flow can be seen in trees

...
January 21, 2010

USGS Measurement, Salt River (January 2010 )

USGS streamgagers, Mike Sanders and Henry Sanger are servicing the, Salt River near Roosevelt, Arizona streamflow gaging station and making a streamflow measurement on January 22, 2010. Flow was measured to be 44,500 cubic feet per second (CFS) on the 22th but peaked earlier on the 22nd at an estimated 88,000 cfs. The measurement was made from the cableway just downstream

...
Filter Total Items: 177
USGS
November 15, 2010

FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. — The U.S. Geological Survey has named Kate Kitchell the director of its Southwest Biological Science Center. Kitchell, who served as the acting center director for the previous 16 months, assumed the role permanently November 6, 2010. 

USGS
October 15, 2010

TEMPE, Ariz. — Climate change and growing human demands for water are leaving an indelible mark on rivers and streams, shortening food chains and eliminating some top predators like large-bodied fish, according to a new study led by Arizona State University and co-authored by a U.S. Geological Survey scientist.

USGS
February 18, 2010

Flagstaff, Ariz. — As part of the Department of the Interior’s evaluation of whether to segregate nearly 1 million acres of federal lands near the Grand Canyon from new uranium claims, the United States Geological Survey today released a report on uranium resources and uranium mining impacts in the area.

USGS
February 2, 2010

Flagstaff, Ariz. —Resources along the Colorado River in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area and Grand Canyon National Park generally benefited from a high-flow experiment conducted in March 2008 from Glen Canyon Dam, near Page, Ariz., according to research findings released today by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 4, 2009

Greater sage-grouse populations have declined substantially in many areas in the West, though populations in some locations remain relatively stable, according to a comprehensive publication written by federal, state, and non-governmental organizations. The population assessment is one of numerous sage-grouse topics covered in the 24 chapters released today.

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 14, 2009

Intersex in smallmouth and largemouth basses is widespread in numerous river basins throughout the United States is the major finding of the most comprehensive and large-scale evaluation of the condition, according to U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) research published online in Aquatic Toxicology.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 10, 2009

A report on long-term glacier measurements released today by Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar shows that glaciers are dramatically changing in mass, length and thickness as a result of climate change.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 20, 2009

U.S. Geological Survey scientists and cartographers played an important but relatively unknown role during the Apollo 11 moon landing 40 years ago this week. USGS astrogeologists trained the Apollo astronauts in the science and strategy of field geology.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 18, 2009

Critical science support for NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), launched today from Cape Canaveral, Florida, will help pave the way for further human and robotic exploration of the Moon. U.S. Geological Survey scientists are providing unique knowledge and skills as members of the science teams operating instruments on LRO.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 20, 2009

The U.S. Geological Survey will conduct scientific overflights at Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, during Memorial Day weekend to document the status of natural and cultural resources along the Colorado River below Glen Canyon Dam. Aerial photographs will be taken using two fixed-wing aircraft flying at an elevation about 7,000 feet above ground level.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 27, 2009

Adult endangered humpback chub (Gila cypha) in Grand Canyon, Arizona, increased by about 50 percent between 2001 and 2008, according to analysis recently conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey. The upward trend reverses population declines from 1989 to 2001. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 24, 2009

U.S. Geological Survey scientists will brief reporters by phone at 3:00 pm Eastern Daylight Time/12:00 pm Mountain Standard Time. Monday, April 27, on the latest population numbers for the humpback chub (Gila cypha) in Grand Canyon, Arizona.