Deborah Martin

Biography

I started working with the U.S. Geological Survey in 1983. My initial research efforts were on the topics of carbon cycling and the geochemistry of large river systems. Since 1996 my research has focused on the hydrologic and erosional effects of wildfires in collaboration with John Moody and others. My particular expertise is the chemical and hydrological characteristics of wildfire ash and my recent research seeks to quantify and predict the effects of wildfire on water supplies, including water availability, timing, quality, and treatability for municipal use. I place a strong emphasis on communicating results to the public, legislators, and resource managers. Annually, I teach a class at the National Advanced Fire and Resource Institute, a multi-agency training center.

 

EDUCATION

M. S., Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, 1983.

Thesis title: “Metal partitioning in the sediment of Woods Lake, New York.”

 

B. A., Geology/Science in Human Affairs, Cum Laude, Princeton University, 1976.

Senior thesis title: “Groundwater contamination due to sanitary landfills; a field study.”

 

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

Research Hydrologist: present, U.S. Geological Survey, Water Mission Area, National Research Program, lead scientist “Wildfire Science” research topic.

Research Hydrologist: 2006-2012. U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Central Region, National Research Program. Member of the project “Sediment-Water Chemistry of Large River Systems: Biogeochemical, Geomorphic, and Human Controls”, Fire Science task leader.

Hydrologist: 1988-2006. U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Central Region, National Research Program. Member of the project“Sediment-Water Chemistry of Large River Systems: Biogeochemical, Geomorphic, and Human Controls.”

Hydrologist: 1983-1988. U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Eastern Region, National Research Program. Member of the project “Carbon Fluxes in Hydrologic and Geologic Processes.”

 

PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES

  • American Geophysical Union

·        Geological Society of America

  • Rocky Mountain Hydrologic Research Center, elected trustee

 

AWARDS AND HONORS

  • Safety suggestion award, National Research Program, Central Region (2008)
  • Group Special Thanks for Achieving Results (STAR) Award for planning and leading field trip and facilitating sessions that were part of the Third Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds (2008)
  • Special Thanks for Achieving Results (STAR) Award for response to 2007 California fires to characterize ash and provide crucial health information to emergency personnel and the public (2008)
  • Special Thanks for Achieving Results (STAR) Award for serving as lead for USGS Fire Science Thrust (2007)
  • Safety suggestion award, National Research Program, Central Region (2007)
  • Superior Service Award for national leadership in fire science research (2006)

 

Publications:

Murphy, S.F., Writer, J.H., McCleskey, R.B., and Martin, D.A., 2015, The role of precipitation type, intensity, and spatial distribution in source water quality after wildfire. Environmental Research Letters, v. 10, no. 8, 084007: 1-13. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/8/084007

Moody, J.A., Martin, D.A., Meade, R.H., 2015, Preserving geomorphic data records of flood disturbances, GeoResJ, doi: 10.1016/j.grj.2015.02.016.

Moody, J.A., Ebel, B.A., Nyman P., Martin, D.A., Stoof, C., and McKinley, R., 2015, Relations between soil hydraulic properties and burn severity, International Journal of Wildland Fire, doi: 10.1071/WF14062.

Moody, J.A., D. Martin, D.A., Robichaud, P.R., Shakesby, R.A., 2014, Fostering post-wildfire research. Eos Trans. AGU, 95(4), 37.

Bodí, M.B., Martin, D.A., Balfour, V.N., Santín, C., Doerr, S.H., Pereira, P., Cerdá, A., Mataix-Solera, J., 2014, Wildland fire ash—Production, composition and eco-hydro-geomorphic effects: Earth-Science Reviews 130, p. 103–127.

Moody, J.A., Shakesby, R.A., Robichaud, P.R., Cannon, S.H., Martin, D.A., 2013. Current research issues related to post-wildfire runoff and erosion processes, Earth-Science Reviews 122, 10-37.

Ebel, B.A., Moody, J.A., and Martin, D.A., 2012, Hydrologic conditions controlling runoff generation immediately after wildfire: Water Resources Research, v. 48, W03529. [Link]

Ebel, B.A., Hinckley, E.S., Martin, D.A., 2012, Soil-water dynamics and unsaturated storage during snowmelt following wildfire: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, v. 16, p. 1401–1417. doi:10.5194/hess-16-1401-2012.

Pereira, P., Úbeda, X., Martin, D., Mataix-Solera, J., and Guerrero, C., 2011, Effects of a low severity prescribed fire on water-soluble elements in ash from a Cork Oak (Quercus suber) forest located in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula: Environmental Research, v. 111, no. 2, p. 237-247. [Link]

Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Martin, Deborah A.; Rochester, Carlton; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Mendez, Greg; Reichard, Eric G.; Fisher, Robert N., 2009. Sample Collection of Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1038, 64 p. [Link]

Semmens, D.J., Briggs, J.S., and Martin, D.A., 2009, An Ecosystem Services Framework for Multidisciplinary Research in the Colorado River Headwaters, in Webb, R.M.T., and Semmens, D.J., eds, Proceedings of the Third Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds: Planning for an Uncertain Future: Monitoring, Integration, and Adaptation: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5049, p. 59-64. Edited by Webb, Richard M. T.; Semmens, Darius J., 2009. Planning for an Uncertain Future - Monitoring, Integration, and Adaptation. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5049, Report: xii, 293 p.; Available online and on DVD-ROM [Link]

Úbeda, X., Pereira, P., Outeiro, L., and Martin, D.A., 2009, Effects of fire temperature on the physical and chemical characteristics of the ash from two plots of Cork oak (Quercus Suber): Land Degradation and Development, v. 20, no. 6, p. 589-608. [Link]

Moody, J.A., and Martin, D.A., 2009, Synthesis of sediment yields after wildland fire in different rainfall regimes in the western United States: International Journal of Wildland Fire, v. 18 no. 1, p. 96-115. [Link]

Moody, J.A., and Martin, D.A., 2009, Forest fire effects on geomorphic processes, in Cerdá, A., and Robichaud, P., eds., Fire Effects on Soils and Restoration Strategies: Science Publishers, Inc, Enfield,New Hampshire, USA, p. 41-79.

Doerr, S.H., Woods, S.W., Martin, D.A., and Casimiro, M., 2009, 'Natural background' soil water repellency in conifer forests of the north-western USA: Its prediction and relationship to wildfire occurrence: Journal of Hydrology, v. 371, no. 1-4, p. 12-21. [Link]

Hageman, Philip L.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Adams, Monique; Lamothe, Paul J.; Todorov, Todor; Anthony, Michael W., 2008. Leachate Geochemical Results for Ash Samples from the June 2007 Angora Wildfire Near Lake Tahoe in Northern California. Geological Survey (U.S.) Open-File Report 2008-1170, iii, 11 p. [Link]

Hageman, Philip L.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Lamothe, Paul J.; Anthony, Michael W., 2008. Leachate Geochemical Results for Ash and Burned Soil Samples from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires. Geological Survey (U.S.) Open-File Report 2008-1139, iii, 14 p. [Link]

Moody, J.A., Martin, D.A., Haire, S.L., and Kinner, D. A., 2008, Linking runoff response to burn severity after wildfire: Hydrological Processes, v. 22, no. 13, p. 2063-2074. [Link]

Moody, J.A., Martin, D.A., and Cannon, S.H., 2008, Post-wildfire erosion response in two geologic terrains in the western USA: Geomorphology, v. 95, p. 103-118 [Link]

Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd; Kokaly, Raymond; Hageman, Philip; Eckberg, Alison; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Anthony, Michael; Lamothe, Paul J., 2007. Preliminary Analytical Results for Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires. Geological Survey (U.S.) Open-File Report 2007-1407, 15 p. [Link]

Moody, J.A., and Martin, D.A., 2004, Wildfire impacts on reservoir sedimentation in the western United States, in Hu, C.-h, and Tan, Y., eds., Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on River Sedimentation, October 18-21, 2004, Yichang, China: Beijing, Tsinghua University Press, p. 1095-1102.

Martin, D.A. and Murphy, S.F., 2004, Water-quality effects of wildland fire: chemical and biological sampling in streams draining areas burned by the 2003 Overland Fire near Jamestown, Colorado: Colorado Watershed Assembly Newsletter, Summer 2004.

Martin, D.A., 2003, Post-wildfire hydrology - effects of wildfire in New Mexico ecosystems and hydrological response of burned watershed, in Johnson, P.S., Land, L.A., Price, L.G., and Titus, F., eds., Water Resources of the Lower Pecos Region, New Mexico, Science, Policy, and a Look to the Future, Decision-Makers field Conference 2003, Socorro, New Mexico: New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, p. 80-82.[Link]

Robichaud, P., L. MacDonald, J. Freeouf, D. Neary, D. Martin, and L. Ashmun, 2003, Postfire Rehabilitation of the Hayman Fire, in Graham, R.T., technical editor, Hayman Fire Case Study, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-114, p. 293-313. [Link]

Moody, John A.; Martin, Deborah A., 2001. Hydrologic and sedimentologic response of two burned watersheds in Colorado. Water-Resources Investigations Report 2001-4122, 1 v. (138 p.) : ill., maps ; 28 cm. + 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)

Moody, J. A. and Martin, D. A. (2001), Post-fire, rainfall intensity–peak discharge relations for three mountainous watersheds in the western USA. Hydrol. Process., 15: 2981–2993. [Link]

Martin, D. A. and Moody, J. A. (2001), Comparison of soil infiltration rates in burned and unburned mountainous watersheds. Hydrol. Process., 15: 2893–2903 [Link]

Martin, D.A., and Moody, J.A., 2001, The flux and particle size distribution of sediment collected in hillslope traps after a Colorado wildfire, inProceedings of the Seventh Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, March 25-29, 2001, Reno, Nevada, p. III-40 to III-47 [Link]

Moody, J.A., and Martin, D.A., 2001, Initial hydrologic and geomorphic response following a wildfire in the Colorado Front Range, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 26, p. 1049-1070. [Link]

Martin, D.A., 2000, Studies of post-fire erosion in the Colorado Front Range benefit the Upper South Platte Watershed Protection and Restoration Project: Watershed Management Council Networker, Winter issue, p. 5-8.

MacDonald, L. H., Sampson, R., Brady, D., Juarros, Leah, and Martin, D. A., 2000, Predicting Post-Fire Erosion and Sedimentation Risk on a Landscape Scale: A Case Study for Colorado, Journal of Sustainable Forestry, v. 11, no. 1/2, p. 57-87. [Link]

Moody, J.A., Shakesby, R.A., Robichaud, P.R., Cannon, S.H., Martin, D.A., 2013. Current research issues related to post-wildfire runoff and erosion processes, Earth-Science Reviews 122, 10-37.  

Science and Products

Publications

Filter Total Items: 6
[title_1]
Year Published: 2009

Planning for an uncertain future - Monitoring, integration, and adaptation

The 6.7 billion human inhabitants of the earth have the ability to drastically alter ecosystems and the populations of species that have taken eons to evolve. By better understanding how our actions affect the environment, we stand a better chance of designing successful strategies to manage ecosystems sustainably. Toward this end, the Third Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds (...

Webb, Richard M. T.; Semmens, Darius J.
Planning for an Uncertain Future - Monitoring, Integration, and Adaptation; 2009; SIR; 2009-5049; Proceedings of the Third Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds; Edited by Webb, Richard M. T.; Semmens, Darius J.
[title_1]
Year Published: 2009

Sample Collection of Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires

Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Martin, Deborah A.; Rochester, Carlton; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Mendez, Greg; Reichard, Eric G.; Fisher, Robert N.
Sample Collection of Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires; 2009; OFR; 2009-1038; Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Martin, Deborah A.; Rochester, Carlton; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Mendez, Greg; Reichard, Eric G.; Fisher, Robert N.
[title_1]
Year Published: 2008

Leachate Geochemical Results for Ash Samples from the June 2007 Angora Wildfire Near Lake Tahoe in Northern California

Hageman, Philip L.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Adams, Monique; Lamothe, Paul J.; Todorov, Todor; Anthony, Michael W.
Leachate Geochemical Results for Ash Samples from the June 2007 Angora Wildfire Near Lake Tahoe in Northern California; 2008; OFR; 2008-1170; Hageman, Philip L.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Adams, Monique; Lamothe, Paul J.; Todorov, Todor; Anthony, Michael W.
[title_1]
Year Published: 2008

Leachate Geochemical Results for Ash and Burned Soil Samples from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires

Hageman, Philip L.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Lamothe, Paul J.; Anthony, Michael W.
Leachate Geochemical Results for Ash and Burned Soil Samples from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires; 2008; OFR; 2008-1139; Hageman, Philip L.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd M.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Lamothe, Paul J.; Anthony, Michael W.
[title_1]
Year Published: 2007

Preliminary Analytical Results for Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires

Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Hageman, Philip; Eckberg, Alison; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Anthony, Michael; Lamothe, Paul J.
Preliminary Analytical Results for Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires; 2007; OFR; 2007-1407; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Martin, Deborah A.; Hoefen, Todd; Kokaly, Raymond; Hageman, Philip; Eckberg, Alison; Meeker, Gregory P.; Adams, Monique; Anthony, Michael; Lamothe, Paul J.
[title_1]
Year Published: 2001

Hydrologic and sedimentologic response of two burned watersheds in Colorado

Moody, John A.; Martin, Deborah A.
Hydrologic and sedimentologic response of two burned watersheds in Colorado; 2001; WRI; 2001-4122; Moody, John A.; Martin, Deborah A.