Raymond Obuch

Provide Data Management, System and Technical Training Support of USGS Energy Program.

Biography

Started my Federal Career with the U.S. Forest Service as a Hydrologist on the Sawtooth and Boise NF.  Changed careers in 1983 as a Computer Specialist with the Targhee NF. Transfered to the USGS in 1985 as a Computer Specialist with the Geologic Division, Oil and Gas Branch. Still working for the Energy Program as an Oracle Database Administrator on the Linux Operating System, Data Manager for the Science Center, Energy Governance Capacity Initiative (EGCI) Task Lead, and USGS Oracle Database Subject Matter Expert . Past work included being the technical lead for the USGS Data at Rest (Data Encryption) project, USGS representive to the Department of Interior Data Advisory Commitee which works to promote data sharing across DOI, Data Standardization, and Data Interoperability.  

October 2015 to Preseent                U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Energy Program Task leader for the Energy   

Governance and Capacity Initiative (EGCI). 

 

Coordinate all training and assistance activities for the Energy Program regarding EGCI support. The Energy Governance and Capacity Initiative (EGCI) is a U.S. Department of State-led, U.S. interagency effort to provide a wide range of technical and capacity building assistance to the host governments of select countries that are on the verge of becoming the world’s next generation of oil and gas producers. The countries receiving EGCI assistance have world class hydrocarbon resource potential and expect to receive sizable, near-term financial windfalls from the development of their oil and gas resources. EGCI’s core objective is to help these countries establish the capacity to manage their oil and gas sector resources responsibly. Although EGCI’s goals are country-specific in nature, the program broadly tries to ensure sound and transparent energy sector governance for the benefit of national economic development.

 

December 2012 to 2017          U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Enterprise Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative (COTR) and Technical Lead for USGS Bureau.

 

USGS Oracle Database and Application COTR and Subject Matter Expert.  (overlapping task)

 

Provide technical contract and product support for the USGS Enterprise Oracle Software ($1.5M acquisition, 7.5K Users) License and Maintenance requirements, technical and functional specifications, and contract budgeting support.   Administer Enterprise Licenses as needed. Licenses are used across the United States at numerous sites.  Certified COR for Department of Interior (December 2013).  Initiated internal audit of Oracle Software Products across 60+ USGS Science Centers 2016/2017).

 

June 2012 to October 2014     Acting National Geologic and Geophysical Data Preservation Program Manager, U.S. Geological Survey, NGGDPP Program-USGS Core Science.

 

Acting National Geologic and Geophysical Data Preservation Program (NGGDPP) Manager (overlapping task)

 

The NGGDPP provides Grant funding for Geologic and Geophysical data, information, and physical sample and specimen preservation for State Geological Survey groups.  NGGDPP was created with the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and has an average annual congressional appropriation and operating budget of approximately $980K.  Large portions of this appropriation are allocation to States for data and information preservation through a formal grant application process.  As Acting NGGDPP Program Manager, I provide Grants management support to the USGS NGGDPP Program and participating State Geology personnel.  Duties include the management of processes and workflows associated in maintaining NGGDPP Program documentation, NGGDPP website content, grant announcements, grant evaluations for funding (grant reviews), data preservation best practices, grant related training and information webinars, and NGGDPP metadata catalog use and content.  Knowledge of Geology and Earth Science as well as Information Technology has been an asset in managing NGGDPP.

 

November 2007 to 2010          Information Technology Specialist, Data Management

U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO

 

USGS Data-At-Rest (DAR) / Data Encryption Technical Lead (overlapping task)

Responsibilities included being the USGS representative for the Department of Interior’s (DOI) Data-at-Rest initiative (OMB-6-16).  Member of the DOI Data-At-Rest Software Encryption Procurement team; which formulated the technical and functional specifications, performed product evaluations, and created software testing methodologies for competing endpoint encryption software solutions.  Lead a technical team of USGS IT Specialists in the development of USGS specific software evaluation test cases for the DAR procurement.  USGS test cases where used by other DOI Bureaus during the procurement evaluation process.  Experienced in data risk analysis and data security characterization.

 

Responsible for the Technical and Functional Specifications and Architecture design for the USGS Data-at-Rest Data Encryption Project. Installed and configured McAfee Endpoint Encryption Server and ePolicy Orchestrator (ePO) management software on DAR Servers.  Provide technical input for DAR implementation planning within USGS.  Lead a team of pre-product rollout testers to help formulate operational implementation and management of McAfee Endpoint encryption software. Administered the DAR Windows Servers 2003 and 2008 to meet technical and functional needs for a Bureau wide implementation of McAfee at USGS.

 

Proposed the standardization of MXI/McAfee Encrypted USB Devices within USGS and help draft USGS Policy relating to the use of removable media within USGS.  I created documentation for the use and management of McAfee Encrypted USB Data Storage devices at the Enterprise level.  Received a Bureau Citation from the USGS Geographic Information Officer.

 

June 2009 to November 2009 Acting Information Technology Manager for the USGS Central Region

Technical Support Team and System Support Team, Central Region Geospatial Office.  U.S. Geological Survey, Central Region Geospatial Information Office, Denver. CO.

 

Regional Technical Manager for Operations and Support (5 Month Detail fulltime)

 

Supervise seven technical employees for Information Technology Support Services within a customer base of 400 Denver Regional USGS personnel.  Supported services include hardware and software support for various USGS Regional computer servers, desktop computers, workstations, and mobile laptop/notebook computers.  Tasks include work assignments, budgeting, and employee performance monitoring and management, strategic planning, implementation of IT standards and best practices, and customer support monitoring.  Received a performance award.

 

November 2003 to Present      Information Technology Specialist – Data Management, U.S. Geological Survey, Energy Resource Science Center, Denver, CO

 

USGS Enterprise Data Architecture and Open Government (overlapping task)

 

Responsible for addressing USGS Data Calls for various DOI and OMB Data Architecture/Data Management and Open Data requests ranging from data standardization, Data.gov communities, and metadata publication, authoritative data source, data stewardship etc. (Received a Bureau performance award in 2009).  Provided USGS support for data integration and data management and promote the use of Data.gov as part of the Open Government Initiative (USGS Data.gov POC and Technical representative). Provide Data Management related input into various USGS Strategic Planning activities, and function as USGS representative for Data Architecture on a Department of Interior Data Advisory Committee (DAC 2003-2009).   Provide Architectural input and recommendations for various USGS tasks such as modernization blueprints, governance, DOI and OMB performance scorecards, data stewardship, and data standardization etc.  Work to promote better data sharing and data management across USGS and DOI through best practices and standards.  USGS Point-of-Contact for Federal Open Government Initiatives such as data.gov.

 

Major accomplishments: Help formulate and implement a metadata schema for Department of Interior Bureaus to respond to OMB -13-13 (Open Data). Google forms is used across DOI for metadata creation, especially for raw data sets. Fall 2013.

 

USGS representative on a DOI Metadata Policy Team which is has created a draft DOI Wide Metadata Policy document (in review).

 

Co-Lead for a DOI Metadata Implementation Team which is in the process of formulating Department wide Metadata Implementation Guidance.

 

1988-2006                                            Information Technology Specialist

U.S. Geological Survey, Energy Resource Surveys Program, Denver. CO.

 

Network Architecture and Administration (overlapping task)

 

Responsibilities included the design, installation, and administration of the Energy Team’s local area networks that supported a 400 node/3 subnet network of desktop, laptop, workstations, file servers, computer servers, and associated peripherals.   Duties included network trouble-shooting, network hardware and software installation and configuration, and capacity planning for networks operating in a mixed network protocol environment.  Designed, installed, and maintained a Local Area Network (LAN), which supports network gateways and routers. Responsible for the formulating the technical and functional specifications, and justifications for procurement for network hardware and software, and all related network maintenance contracts.  I coordinated hardware and software maintenance of network systems and devices. In addition, I provided strategic direction and network design and configuration consultation to other groups within the U.S. Geological Survey.  Provided fiscal year budget estimates and for Team Network operating expenses. Serve as Energy Team network representative on a Denver Federal Center (DFC) Wide-Area Network design team.  Accomplishments include the redesign of the existing DFC ETHERNET WAN and the design of a campus wide Fiber Optic backbone and the planning and design of the new network for Building 25.

 

June 2001 to December 2003 Computer Instructor (part time)

                                                Red Rocks Community College, Lakewood, Colorado

College Instructor

 

UNIX and Advance Unix course instructor (evenings)

 

1998 to 2000                           Information Technology Specialist, Data Management

U.S. Geological Survey, Energy Resource Surveys Program, Energy Team, Denver. CO.

 

Y2K Regional Coordinator for Geologic Division, U.S. Geological Survey (overlapping task)

 

Coordinated the computer technology mitigation of Year 2000 (Y2K) related issues (potential negative effects of date and internal clock) associated with the 2000 year rollover. Mitigation steps included the procurement of replacement hardware and software modification to accommodate the new date structure.  I coordinated the expenditure of approximately 3 million dollars for Y2K mitigation activities.

 

1996-1998                               Information Technology Specialist, Data Management

U.S. Geological Survey, Energy Resource Surveys Program, Energy Team, Denver. CO.

 

USGS Bureau Strategic Planning and Coordination for Information and Technology Management

 

Information Management and Dissemination Committee Chair (1997-1998): Team lead of a multi-divisional group of USGS Technologists which provided strategic direction and consultation of items relating to Information Technology, Data Management, and Content Delivery to the USGS Information Management Council.  Major accomplishments include leading a technical multi-disciplinary team to develop the technical functional requirements of a Bureau wide collaborative communication messaging system and recommendations to create a Chief Information Officer position within USGS.

 

July 1985 to Present                Information Technology Specialist, Data and Systems Management

U.S. Geological Survey, Energy Resource Science Center, Denver, CO

 

Computer Server and Database Administration and Architecture and Analytics (Part-time since 2009)

 

I perform system and architectural support, architectural and fiscal planning, data Security, and scientific data analytics for the USGS Energy Science Center in Denver.  The Information Technology Environment consists of UNIX (Linux) Servers which host international and domestic energy related proprietary and public databases.  I provide technical and non-technical Energy Research project level data management support in a proprietary and public access computer hardware and software environment consisting of Windows and Macintosh Client, and UNIX/Linux Server systems.  Responsible for the installation and testing of Server hardware, operating systems, layered software products, as well as system administration, capacity planning and data management. The Servers provide client/server functionality, remote system access, local and remote database access for GIS Mapping and Research Data access, and file-sharing services in a heterogeneous network environment.  Serve as the USGS Energy Program Proprietary Data Security Officer overseeing the secure access of proprietary oil and gas production and field data obtained from private oil and gas production companies and petroleum data management companies. Provide server security support for internal and external Linux database servers running Oracle. Implement active directory on internal Linux servers for Linux and Oracle database access.

 

Responsibilities include database software installation, configuration, and operational data management and scientific data management support for Energy Team’s Oracle Linux server environment.  Software includes Oracle Server and associated server software products (ESRI Spatial Data Engine) as well as client configuration for Oracle and Microsoft Access database query software. 

 

I was instrumental in the migration of Oracle on Solaris to Oracle on RedHat Linux.  Serve as technical point of contact for spatial and non-spatial data warehousing.  Published abstracts and made presentations relating to the use of Oracle on Linux and ESRI’s ArcSDE Geospatial Data Management software (ESRI, USGS, and RMOUG conferences).  

 

Major accomplishments include the migration of all USGS internal proprietary data onto one Oracle Database server which now separates Energy Program public data from internal proprietary non-published data in support of C&A and IT Security.  As technical lead & system architect, I migrated older proprietary based system architecture to a more manageable, commodity based, open computing “COTS” environment using RedHat Linux, Oracle Database Management Software, and ESRI’s ArcSDE Spatial Data Engine Middleware Application Software.  Perform database “loads” and quality assurance checks for commercially procured domestic and international Energy Oil and Gas Well and Field data into Oracle in support of Program research activities and research product  delivery using interactive maps and dynamic web content delivery systems. Co-author on USGS Energy Program Oil and Gas Resource Assessment and other scientific digital products.

 

I provided Project Management support for the Building 25-Denver Federal Center renovation project representing the Energy Team, USGS.

 

Technical System and Network support for the USGS/USAID 5 year cooperative project which included the specification, procurement, installation, and acceptance testing of computer systems, software, and networks for three Former Soviet Union Geologic Research Institutes (1995-1998) for Geochemistry and GIS.

 

Provided technical scientific data support for the USGS Energy Team, Algerian Government, and Sontrach Oil and Gas research group meeting in 1999 (Algiers).

 

October 1982- July 1985                  Computer Systems Analyst/Systems Manager

U.S. Forest Service Targhee National Forest (NF), St. Anthony, ID. 

 

Systems Management and Security

 

I served as Forest Computer Security Officer and Computer Systems Manager for the Targhee NF’s six Field Offices.

Duties included computer and facility security, initial workload analysis, site preparation, computer Server installation; and software/hardware validation and acceptance testing for new computer systems.  Participated on a Regional Computer System Implementation team and provided Regional based computer user training.

 

Additional areas of responsibility included user training and computer operations management/support; computer supply management; coordination of hardware maintenance; and installation, testing and trouble-shooting of system and network software.  Provided Operating System Command Language, Programming Language, and Database Programming support for approximately 200 users. I received performance awards for system installation and user training. 

 

 

April 1981-October 1982                  District Hydrologist

U.S. Forest Service, Boise NF, Mountain Home Ranger District, Mountain Home, Idaho

 

Forest Hydrology

 

Responsible for District water rights inventory and acquisition, water quality sampling and analysis, stream flow modeling, watershed stability evaluation and sediment and erosion control project design and planning for the 650,000 acre Ranger District.

 

Served as District Interdisciplinary team member to review and provide written and oral hydrologic input for ongoing and proposed National Forest management projects, which included timber sales, livestock grazing, road and bridge construction, and mineral exploration. 

 

June 1979-April 1981                       Hydrologist Trainee

U.S. Forest Service, Sawtooth NF, Twin Falls, Idaho

 

Forest Hydrology

 

Responsibilities included water rights inventory and acquisition at the Forest level, water quality sampling and analysis, watershed stability evaluation, stream flow modeling, sediment and erosion control project design and planning; and fisheries habitat improvement 2.1 Million acre National Forest..

 

Membership in professional organizations: The Rocky Mountain Oracle Users Group (RMOUG) since 1995.

 

Education

 

MCIS     Masters Computer Information Systems: Emphasis in Data Communications

                and Local Area Networks, University of Denver, Denver CO, April 1994.

BS           Hydrology/Watershed Science, Utah State University, Logan, UT, June, 1981.

BS           Forestry, Utah State University, Logan, UT June, 1979

 

List of publications available upon request (26 Science and Information Technology related publications). 

complied by Threlkeld, Charles N.; Obuch, Raymond C.; Gunther, G. L., 2000. Organic geochemistry data of Alaska. U. S. Geological Survey : USGS Information Services [distributor], Data Series 59, One computer laser disc :col. maps ;4 3/4 in. in plastic box 13 x 15 x 1 cm. [Link]

compiled by Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, T. R.; Obuch, R. C.; Brewton, J. D., 1996. Tabular data, text, and graphical images in support of the 1995 National assessment of United States oil and gas resources. U.S. Geological Survey, Data Series 36, 1 computer laser optical disc :col. ;4 3/4 in. +disc in jewel case. [Link]

compiled by Beeman, William R.; Obuch, Raymond C.; Brewton, James D., 1996. Digital map data, text, and graphical images in support of the 1995 National assessment of United States oil and gas resources. U.S. Geological Survey, Data Series 35, 1 computer laser optical disc :col. ;4 3/4 in. [Link]

Wandrey, C. J.; Obuch, R. C., 1990. FORMATIONTOPS (version 1); a system to retrieve formation tops data. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 90-530, 1 computer disk ;5 1/4 in.

Wandrey, C. J.; Obuch, R. C., 1990. MAPTOPS (version 1); a program to retrieve formation tops. U.S. Geological Survey ; Books and Open-File Reports Section [distributor], Open-File Report 89-575, 2 p.; 1 computer disk ;5 1/4 in. + 1 sheet (28 cm.)

Dyman, T. S.; Nielson, D. T.; Obuch, R. C.; Baird, J. K.; Wise, R. A., 1990. Summary of deep oil and gas wells and reservoirs in the U.S.. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 90-305, ii, 35 p. ;28 cm.

Obuch, R.C., Takahashi, K.I., Dyman, T.S., Gautier, D.L., and Colburn, H.Y., 1989, The Petroleum Geology Reference System (PGREF)--A computerized bibliographic reference system for research and exploration applications [abs.], in AAPG Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX, April 23-26, 1989: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 73, no. 3, p. 396.

Obuch, R.C., and Takahashi, K.I., 1989, A bibliographic data base system--A case study [abs.]: Digital Equipment Computer Users, Spring '89 Symposium, Atlanta, Ga., Office Automation Special Interest Group (SIG), Session Notes, p. 239.

Dyman, T.S., Nielsen, D.T., Obuch, R.C., Baird, J.K., and Wise, R.A., 1990, Deep oil and gas wells and reservoirs in the United States from the well history control system and petroleum data system [abs.], in Carter, L. M. H., ed., U.S. Geological Survey research on energy resources--1990, Program and abstracts, Sixth V.E. McKelvey Forum on Mineral and Energy Resources, Houston, TX, Feb. 20-22, 1990: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1060, p. 27-28.
http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/cir/cir1060

Dyman, T.S., Nielsen, D.T., Obuch, R.C., Baird, J.K., and Wise, R.A., 1990, Summary of deep oil and gas wells and reservoirs in the United States from the Well Histor]y Control System and Petroleum Data System: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-305, 35 p.

Wandrey, C.J., and Obuch, R.C., 1990, MAPTOPS (version 1); a program to retrieve formation tops: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-575, 2 p., one 5 1/4 inch diskette.

Wandrey, C.J., and Obuch, R.C., 1990, FORMATIONTOPS (version 1); a system to retrieve formation tops data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-530, one 5 1/4 inch diskette.

Dyman, T.S., Schmoker, J.W., Spencer, C.W., Perry, W.J., Jr., Price, L.C., Palacas, J.G., Dolton, G.L., Burruss, R.C., Keighin, C.W., Hester, T.C., Wandrey, C.J., Nielsen, D.T., Obuch, R.C., and Baird, J.K., 1992, Geologic controls and resource potential of natural gas in deep sedimentary basins in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Administrative Report GRI 92/0276 prepared for the Gas Research Institute, Contract No. 5090-260-2040, 59 p.

Dyman, T.S., Spencer, C.W., Baird, J.K., Obuch, R.C., and Nielsen, D.T., 1992, Geologic characteristics of deep natural gas resources based on data from significant fields and reservoirs, in Dyman, T. S., ed., Geologic controls and resource potential of natural gas in deep sedimentary basins in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-524, p. 86-147.

Dyman, T.S., Rice, D.D., Nielsen, D.T., Obuch, R.C., and Baird, J.K., 1993, Geologic and production characteristics of deep oil and gas wells and reservoirs in the conterminous U.S., in Johnson, K. S., and Campbell, J.A., eds., Petroleum-reservoir geology in the southern midcontinent, Norman, OK, March 26-27, 1991: Oklahoma Geological Survey Circular 95, p. 208-215.

Dyman, T.S., Schmoker, J.W., Spencer, C.W., Perry, W.J., Jr., Price, L.C., Palacas, J.G., Dolton, G.L., Burruss, R.C., Keighin, C.W., Hester, T.C., Wandrey, C.J., Vaughan, D.K., Nielsen, D.T., Obuch, R.C., Baird, J.K., and Westcott, P.A., 1993, Geologic controls and resource potential of natural gas in deep sedimentary basins, United States [abs.], in American Association of Petroleum Geologists 1993 annual convention, New Orleans, LA, April 25-28, 1993: American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Annual Meeting Abstracts, v.1993, p. 95.

Dyman, T.S., Spencer, C.W., Baird, J.K., Obuch, R.C., and Nielsen, D.T., 1993, Geologic characteristics of deep natural gas resources based on data from significant fields and reservoirs, in Dyman, T. S., ed., Geologic controls and resource potential of natural gas in deep sedimentary basins in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-524, p. 87-112.

Obuch, R.C., 1994, Users Guide for NCSA Telnet and Popmail, In-house use only: unpublished booklet approximately 10 p.

Beeman, W.R., Obuch, R.C., and Brewton, J.D., compilers, 1996, Digital map data, text, and graphical images in support of the 1995 National Assessment of United States Oil and Gas Resources: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-35, one CD-ROM.
http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds-035/DDS-35.html

Charpentier, R.R., Klett, T.R., Obuch, R.C., and Brewton, J.D., compilers, 1996, Tabular Data, Text, and Graphical Images in Support of the 1995 National Assessment of United States Oil and Gas Resources: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-36. [CD-ROM].
http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds-036/DDS-36.html

Charpentier, R.R., Obuch, R.C., and Klett, T.R., 1996, Instructions and documentation for DDS 36, in Charpentier, R.R., Klett, T.R., Obuch, R.C., and Brewton, J.D., compilers, in Tabular Data, Text, and Graphical Images in Support of the 1995 National Assessment of United States Oil and Gas Resources: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-36. [CD-ROM].
http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds-036/DDS-36.html

Obuch, R.C., Beeman, W.R., Mast, R.F., Barnett, D.L., and Charpentier, R.R., 1996, Instructions and documentation for DDS-35, in Beeman, W.R., Obuch, R.C., and Brewton, J.D., compilers, in Digital map data, text, and graphical images in support of the 1995 National assessment of United States oil and gas resources: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series 35, one CD-ROM.

Dyman, T.S., Spencer, C.W., Baird, J.K., Obuch, R.C., and Nielsen, D.T., 1997, Geologic and Production Characteristics of Deep Natural Gas Resources Based on Data from Significant Fields and Reservoirs, Chapter C, in Dyman, T. S., Rice, D.D., and Westcott, W.A., eds., Geologic Controls of Deep Natural Gas Resources in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2146-C, p. 19-38.
http://pubs.usgs.gov/bul/b2146/C.pdf

Obuch, R.C., Ferderer, D.A., and Larson, W.S., 1998, Data management; a life-cycle approach, in Babcock, C. A., and Mathey, S.B., eds., U.S. Geological Survey National Computer Technology Meeting; Conference Proceedings: Water Resources Division, Abstracts and Program, 2 p.

Obuch, R.C., Ferderer, D.A., and Larson, W.S., 1998, Data management; a life cycle approach [abs.], in Babcock, C. A., and Mathey, S.B., eds., Ninth National Computer Technology Meeting, St. Louis, MO, April 6-9, 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 98-280, p. 11.

Threlkeld, C.N., Obuch, R.C., and Gunther, G.L., compilers, 2000, Organic Geochemistry Data of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-59, Version 1.0, 131 p. [CD-ROM].
http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds-059/

Obuch, R.C., Gunther, G.L., Biewick, L.R.H., Wandrey, C.J., and Ferderer, D.A., 2002, Bridging the Spatial Divide [abs.], in (ESRI) Meeting, San Diego, CA, July 8-12, 2002: Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1 p.

Obuch, R.C., and Skinner, C.C., 2005, Oracle 9i and ARCSDE 9 Deployment with Linux Red Hat Advanced Server 2.1 Operating System and Dell 2650 Server Architecture [abs.], in U.S. Geological Survey ITEM 2005 Conference, May 16-20, 2005: ITEM, 1 p.

Obuch, R.C., and Skinner, C.C., 2005, Oracle and ArcSDE Deployment with Linux RedHat and Dell Server [abs.]: ESRI Conference, San Diego, California, August 7-11, 2006. 1 p.

Obuch, R.C., and Skinner, C.C., 2005, Oracle 9i and ArcSDE 9 Deployment with Linux Red Hat Advanced Server 2.1 Operating Systems and Dell 2650 Server Architecture [abs.]: Rocky Mountain Oracle Users Group (RMOUG), Denver, CO, February 16-17, 2006, 2 p.

Obuch, R.C., and Skinner, C.C., 2006, Oracle and ArcSDE with RedHat Linux Operating System and Dell Server Architecture: The U.S. Geological Survey Sixth Biennial Geographic Information Science Workshop, Denver, CO, April 24-28, 2006.

Obuch, R.O., Doescher, S., submitted 4/20/06, USGS Enterprise Architecture, Utilization of the Data Reference Model to Improve Data Sharing [abs.]: Proceedings Volume from the SIM Workshop.