Roger Borcherdt

Biography

Roger Borcherdt is Scientist Emeritus at the U. S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park, California and past visiting Shimizu and consulting professor at Stanford University. He received a Ph.D. in engineering geoscience with minors in applied mathematics and theoretical statistics from the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Borcherdt is the recipient of the U.S. Department of Interior's highest honor award the Distinguished Service Award as well as the Meritorious Service Award. He is an honorary member of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, a member or chair of numerous scientific advisory panels, past editor of Earthquake Spectra, co-inventor of the General Earthquake Observation System (GEOS), patent number 4,604,699, recipient of 1994 and 2002 Outstanding Paper Awards of Earthquake Spectra, and a registered Geophysicist in the State of California (GP 163, 1972).  He has held a number of leadership positions with the U.S. Geological Survey as chief of various branches and programs.

Dr. Borcherdt is the author of more than 200 scientific publications. One of his more seminal publications is a graduate-level text book that provides the mathematical theory for wave propagation in layered media with arbitrary amounts of material damping.  The 1st Edition of this book is a rigorous, self-contained exposition of the mathematical theory for body and surface wave propagation.  The 2nd Edition (in press) extends the exposition to include the theory of general viscoelastic rays and head waves. These theories, previously not published in another book, provide solutions for many of the fundamental wave-propagation and ray-theory problems of seismology and other fields in the general context of any viscoelastic media with a linear response (elastic or anelastic).  The general ray theory results predict measurable variations in travel-time and amplitude-attenuation for P and S waves induced by contrasts in material damping across anelastic boundaries in the Earth. They specify the computation steps for forward ray-tracing algorithms valid for any linear anelastic media, whether it be soft soil or material deep within the Earth’s mantle.

His research interests include: 1) the theory for viscoelastic waves and rays in layered media  and its application to problems in seismology, engineering, acoustics, exploration, and solid mechanics, 2) earthquake response of local site conditions and their characterization for building code provisions, 3) near-source seismic radiation of strain and displacement and its implications for earthquake-fault rupture dynamics, 4) earthquake strong-motion measurement, characterization, and estimation for earthquake resistant design, 5) seismic zonation and earthquake loss estimation (HAZUS), and 6) seismic instrumentation. 

EDUCATION:

B. A., Mathematics/Physics (cum laude), University of Colorado, Boulder (1963)

M.A., Mathematics, University of Wisconsin, Madison (1965)

M.S., Engineering Geoscience, University of California, Berkeley (1970)

Ph. D., Engineering Geoscience with minors in Applied Mathematics & Theoretical Statistics University of California, Berkeley (1971).

 POSITIONS:

United States Geological Survey

Research Scientist (1971- present)

Chief, Branch of Ground Motion and Faulting (1978-1983)

Chief, Branch of Seismic Engineering (1979-1983)

            Chief, Branch of Engineering Seismology and Geology (1983-1984)

Megaproject Chief and Task Leader (1997-2014).

Shimizu Professor (1991-1992)

Consulting Professor Stanford University (1991-2012)

 PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS:

            Registered Geophysicist, State of California

            American Geophysical Union, 1969 - present

            American Society of Civil Engineers, 1972 - present

            Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, 1973 - present

       Board of Directors, 1987-1990

       Vice President, 1988-1990

       Board of Directors Executive Committee, 1988-1990

       Co-Chairman, Fourth International Conference on Seismic Zonation, 1989 -1991

       Chair, Editorial Board, 1997-2002

       Chair 2002 Nomination Committee

       Editor, Earthquake Spectra, 1997-2002

       Elected Honorary Member, 2002

       Oral History Committee, 2004-present

    Seismological Society of America, 1968 - present

    Structural Engineering Association of California, 1993 - present

    Phi Beta Kappa Honorary Society, 1963 - present

    COSMOS, 1998-present

            General Membership Chair

                        Advisory Board

Society of Exploration Geophysics, 1969 - 1978

American Mathematical Society, 1962 - 1967

LICENSE:

Registered Geophysicist, State of California (GP 163)

HONORS:

Bruce A. Bolt Medal, 2016, awarded jointly by Consortium of Strong Motion Observation Systems, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, and Seismological Society of America

Distinguished Service Award, Department of Interior (2010) for exceptional scientific contributions in the fields of seismology and engineering seismology, extraordinarily broad in scope

Meritorious Service Award, Department of Interior (1993) for scientific contributions and leadership in engineering seismology

Shimizu Visiting Professor, Stanford University

Outstanding Paper Award 1994, Earthquake Spectra, 10, 617-653

Outstanding Paper Award 2002, Earthquake Spectra, 18, 189-218

Honorary Membership, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, 2002

RECENT SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY AND TECHNICAL COMMITTEES:

Engineering Criteria Review Board, San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (1991, Vice Chair 2001-2002; Chair 2003 - present)

Site Characterization Working Group - Next Generation of Attenuation Relations, PEER (Chair 2002 - 2007)

Geo-engineering Extreme Events Reconnaissance Advisory Panel, National Science Foundation, (2004 - present)

Editorial Board, Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration(2007 - present) 

HAZUS US National Earthquake Loss Estimation Model Development Steering Committee, Charter member, FEMA (1992 – 2012)

HAZUS User's Group Steering Committee, San Francisco Bay Region (1998 - 2005)

Bay Bridge Design Task Force Engineering and Design Advisory Panel, East Span of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission (1996-2004)

Adhoc Committee on Seismic Ground Motions, East Span of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (2001-2002).

Electronic Publications CommitteeEarthquake Engineering Research Institute (1999 - 2002)

Scientific Advisory Committee, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (2001-2002)

    NEHRP Seismic Design Procedures Working Group, National Institute of Building Sciences, Building Seismic Safety Council,  (1994 - 1997)

NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provision Update Committee for New and Existing Buildings 2003 Edition, National Institute of Building Sciences, Building Seismic Safety Council, FEMA 450 (2000-2003)

NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provision Update Technical Subcommittees 1 (Design Mapping), 3- (Foundations and Geotechnical Considerations), 2003 Edition, National Institute of Building Sciences, Building Seismic Safety Council, FEMA 450 (2000-2003)

NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provision Update Committee for New and Existing Buildings 2009 Edition, National Institute of Building Sciences, Building Seismic Safety Council, FEMA 750 (2006-2009)

NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provision Update Technical Subcommittee 3 (Mapping,  Foundations, and Geotechnical Considerations), 2009 Edition, National Institute of Building Sciences, Building Seismic Safety Council, FEMA 750 (2006-2009)

AASHTO Federal Highway Bridge Code Provision Update Team 2007 Edition, (2003-2007)

Applied Technology Council Steering Committee ATC-58 Seismic Performance Assessment of Buildings Vol. 1 – Methodology,  FEMA P-58 (2002-2012)

Strong-motion Programs Advisory Board COSMOS, (1998 - 2006)

US National Committee for the Advancement of Strong Motion Programs (CASMP), (1996 - 1999)

Federal Highway Seismic Research Council (1993-2007)

Earthquake Catastrophic Risk Advisory Panel, Wharton School of Business, Univ. Penn., (1998-2005)

 International Handbook of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Lee and others, 2003 (Associate Editor)

Board of Directors, World Seismic Safety Initiative (2000 - 2008)

 PAST SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY AND TECHNICAL COMMITTEES:

U.S.-Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects (1972 - present)

Technical Council on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering ASCE (1975 - 1984)

Committee on Research Needs, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute  (1977 - 1982)

Committee on Strong-Motion Instrumentation, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (1977 - 1984)

Western States Seismic Policy Council (USGS representative, 1979)

California State Mining and Geology Board (declined)

Strong-Motion Instrumentation Committee of California Seismic Safety Commission (1980-1986)

San Francisco District Earthquake Clearinghouse Committee (1980 - 2002)

Strong Ground Motion/Instrumentation Subcommittee-CSMIP (Chair 1980 - 1985)

U.S. National Committee on Program Management and Funding for Strong Motion (1981)

Committee on Earthquake Engineering Research - National Research Council (1982)

Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards, Subcommittee on Extreme External Phenomena (1982)

Nominating Committee for Directors and President Elect, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (1983)

Committee on Earthquake Engineering Facilities and Instrumentation, National Research Council (1984)

Committee on United States Strong Motion Program, National Research Council (1984)

Geoscience Task Group - Learning from Earthquakes, EERI (Chair 1984 - 1986)

California Instrumentation/Ground Motion Advisory Committee, CDMG (1985  -1987)

Strong Motion Instrumentation Committee, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI Board Liaison, 1986 - 1990)

Budget and Financial Management Committee, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (1986 - 1988)

Technical Program Committee - Third U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering (1984 - 1986)

Abstract review committee - Ninth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (1986 - 1987)

American Society of Civil Engineering Specialty Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics Steering Committee (1985 - 1988)

U.S.-Yugoslav Joint Research Program on 3-D Strong Motion Array (Lake Ohrid Region), (1987 - 1991, Co-principal Investigator)

International Membership Committee Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (Board liaison, 1988 - 1990)

Publication Policy Committee, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (Chair 1989 - 1990)

Geoscience Research Needs in Post Earthquake Investigations, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (1989)

Geoscience Project for Loma Prieta earthquake investigations, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (Co-chair with N. Donovan 1989)

Continuing Education Committee, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (Executive Committee, Board Liaison, 1989 - 1990).

Strong Motion Instrumentation Workshop Steering Committee, California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program (1989)

Third U.S.-Japan Workshop for Earthquake Hazard Mitigation in Urbanized Regions Steering Committee (1990 - 1991)

NEHRP Science Plan Workshops, USGS, (1990)

Southern California Earthquake Center Workshop on Non-linear Site Effects (1991)

California Seismic Hazard Mapping Act Subcommittee for Ground Shaking (1991, acting chair)

Steering Committee Fourth International Conference on Seismic ZonationEarthquake Engineering Research Institute (Co-chair with H. Shah, 1990 - 1992)

Honorary Awards Committee for the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (Chair 1993 - 1999)

Technical Committee on Strong Motion, US - Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, (Chair 1996 - 2001)

Scientific Advisory Committee for Multidiciplinary (National) Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (1991-1997)

International Technical Advisory Committee/ Groupo Trabajo for Quito Ecuador, (1992 - 1995)

Working Committee for NEHRP Site-Dependent Response Provisions (1992 - 1997)

Seismology Committee, Structural Engineers Association of Northern California (1993 - 1999)

Foundation and Seismic Zonation Committee (Ground-Motion Task Group), Structural Engineering Association of Northern California (1993 - 2000)

Project Advisory Committee for "Modeling Housing Damage in Earthquakes and Resulting Mass Care Needs", Red Cross and Bay Area Regional Earthquake Preparedness Project (1993 - 1996)

Workshop Steering Committee for USGS National Seismic Hazard Mapping Program (1994 - 1999)

Project Advisory Committee for "Modeling Housing Damage in Earthquakes and Resulting Mass Care Needs", Red Cross and Bay Area Regional Earthquake Preparedness Project (1993 - 1996)

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University Advisory Committee (1997)

Tri-Net Steering Committee, Cal-Tech, CDMG, USGS, (1996 - 1997)

PUBLICATIONS:

Text Book:

  1. Borcherdt, R. D., (2009). Viscoelastic Waves in Layered Media, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, 350 pp.  DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511580994 Online ISBN: 9780511580994,  Kudos link

Patent:

  1. Borcherdt, R. D., Fletcher, J. P., Warrick, R. E., Maxwell, G. L.,  Jensen, E. G., and  VanSchaak, J. V. (1986), General Earthquake Observation System (GEOS), Patent number 4,604,699, Filed January 25, 1984, Issued August 5, 1986, U. S. Patent and Trademark Office, 24pp.

Digital (GEOS) Data Sets for Active and Passive Seismic Experiments:

  1. Link to GEOS home page (G. Glassmoyer compiler)

 https://escweb.wr.usgs.gov/nsmp-data/GEOS/geos.html

Visual and Audio presentation:

  1. Link to presentation Borcherdt, R.D., G. Glassmoyer, C. Wentworth, 1985,  “Earthquake Ground Shaking and its Potential Effects in the San Francisco Bay Region for a Repeat of the Great 1906 Earthquake”

 https://escweb.wr.usgs.gov/nsmp-data/Presentations/earthquake_ground_shaking.html

Most Recent Research Presentations:

  1. Borcherdt, R. D., (2018). On Implications of Advances in the Theory of Anelastic Seismic Wave Propagation and General Viscoelastic Ray Theory, Earthquake Science Series Seminar, 5/2/2018, Menlo Park, CA
  2. Borcherdt, R. D., (2018). On Implications of Advances in the Theory of Anelastic Seismic Wave Propagation, Joint Mtg. Latin Amer. Seismol. Commiss. and Seismol. Soc. of Amer. 5/15/2018, Miami, FL
  3. Borcherdt, R. D., (2018). General Viscoelastic Ray Theory, Joint Mtg. Latin Amer. Seismol. Commiss. and Seismol. Soc. of Amer. 5/15/2018, Miami, FL,
  4. Borcherdt, R. D., (2018). General Viscoelastic Ray Theory and Exact Ray-Tracing Computer Codes for Seismic Waves in an Anelastic Earth, Fall Amer. Geophy. Mtg., 12/11/2018. Wash. D.C.

Journal and Professional Papers:

  1. Borcherdt, R. D., and Healy, J. H. (1968). A method for estimating the uncertainty in seismic velocities measured by refraction techni­ques, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 58, 6, 1769-1790. researchgate.net
  2. Borcherdt, R. D. (1968). Spectral analysis of seismic measurements from explosions in southern Mississippi, in Geological Survey Research 1968,  Chapter C, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 600-C, C113-C119, DOI: 10.3133/pp600C
  3. Borcherdt, R. D. (1970). Effects of local geology on ground motion near San Francisco Bay, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 60, 1, 29-61researchgate.net 
  4. Borcherdt, R. D., 1971, Inhomogeneous Body and Surface Plane Waves in a Generalized Viscoelastic Half-Space, Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of Calif., Berkeley, 308 pp.  researchgate.net
  5. Borcherdt, R. D. (1973). Energy and plane waves in linear viscoelastic media, J. Geophys. Res., 78 (14), 2442–2453. DOI: 10.1029/jb078i014p02442 Google Scholar
  6. Borcherdt, R. D. (1973). Rayleigh-type surface wave on a linear visco­elastic half-space, J. Acous. Soc. Am., 54, 1651-1653. DOI: 10.1121/1.1919469 Google Scholar researchgate.net
  7. Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1975). Studies for seismic zonation of the San Francisco Bay region, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 941-A, 102 p. DOI: 10.3133/pp941A
  8. Borcherdt, R. D., Joyner, W. B., Warrick, R. E., and Gibbs, J. F. (1975). Response of local geologic units to ground shaking, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 941-A, 52-67. DOI: 10.3133/pp941A
  9. Borcherdt, R. D., Brabb, E. E., Joyner, W. B., Helley, E. J., Lajoie, K. R., Page, R. A., Wesson, R.L., and Youd, T.L. (1975). Predicted geologic effects of a postulated earthquake, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 941-A, 88-96. DOI: 10.3133/pp941A
  10. Borcherdt, R. D., Gibbs, J. F., and Lajoie, K. R. (1975). Prediction of maximum earthquake intensity in the San Francisco Bay region, Cal­ifornia, for large earthquakes on the San Andreas and Hayward faults, U.S. Geol. Survey Misc. Filed Studies Map MF-709, scale 1,125,000, 15 pp. Sheet 1, Sheet 2, Sheet 3, DOI: 10.3133/mf709
  11. Borcherdt, R. D. (1976). Reviewer, Geological Hazards by B .A. Bolt, W. L. Horn, G. A. MacDonald, and R. D. Scott, Am. Geophys. Un. EOS, 57, 635.
  12. Borcherdt, R. D., and Gibbs, J. F. (1976). Effects of local geological conditions in the San Francisco Bay region on ground motions and the intensities of the 1906 earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 66, 2, 467-500. Google Scholar
  13. Borcherdt, R. D. (1977). Reflection and refraction of type-II S waves in elastic and anelastic media, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 67, 1, 43-67. Google Scholar
  14. Borcherdt, R. D., Gibbs, J. F., and Fumal, T. E. (1978). Ground response in the San Francisco Bay region, in Geological Survey Research 1978, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1100, 262-263. DOI: 10.3133/pp1100
  15. Brabb, E. E., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1979). Progress on seismic zonation in the San Francisco Bay region; Introduction and Summary, Int’l. Conf. Microzonation for Safer Construction and Research Applications 2, 1, 229-230; U.S. Geol. Survey Cir. 807, 1-2. DOI: 10.3133/cir807
  16. Borcherdt, R. D., Gibbs, J. F., and Fumal, T. E. (1979). Progress on ground motion predictions for the San Francisco Bay region, Cali­fornia, in  U.S. Geol. Survey Cir. 807, 13-35. DOI: 10.3133/cir807
  17. Borcherdt, R. D. (1982). GEOS, A versatile new system for recording seismic data, in Geological Survey Research 1981, U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1275, 210-211. DOI: 10.3133/pp1275
  18. Borcherdt, R. D. (1982). Reflection-refraction of general P and type-I S waves in elastic and anelastic solids, Geophys. J. Royal Astron. Soc., 70, 621-638. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246x.1982.tb05976. Google Scholar
  19. Borcherdt, R. D., Anderson, J. G., Crouse, C. B., Donovan, N. C., McEvil­ly, T. V., and Shakal, A. F. (1984). National planning considerations for the acquisition of strong ground-motion data Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst.  Publ. 84-08, 55pp. Google Scholar
  20. Rogers, A. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Covington, A. M., and Perkins, D. M. (1984). A comparative ground response study near Los Angeles using recordings of Nevada Nuclear Tests and the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 74, 5, 1925-1950. Google Scholar
  21. Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Predicting earthquake ground motion -- An intro­duction in Evaluating earthquake hazards of the Los Angeles Re­gion -- An earth-science perspective, Ziony, J.I., (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1360, 93-99. DOI: 10.3133/pp1360
  22. Rogers, A., Tinsley, J. C., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Predicting rel­a­tive shaking response, in Evaluating earthquake hazards of the Los Angeles region -- an earth-science perspective, Ziony, J.I., (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1360, 221-248. DOI: 10.3133/pp1360
  23. Borcherdt, R. D., Fletcher, J. B., Jensen, E. G., Maxwell, G. L., Van ­Schaack, J. R., Warrick, R. E., Cranswick, E., Johnston, M. J. S., and McClearn, R. (1985)., A general earthquake observation system (GEOS), Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 75, 6, 1783-1825. Google Scholar
  24. Borcherdt, R. D., and Wennerberg, L. (1985). General P, type-I S, and type-II S waves in anelastic solids, Inhomogeneous wave fields in low-loss solids, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 75, 6, 1729-1763. Google Scholar
  25. Johnston, M. J. S., R. D. Borcherdt, and Linde, A. T. (1986). Short-Period Strain (0.1–105 s): Near-Source Strain Field for an Earthquake (M L 3.2) Near San Juan Bautista, California, J. Geophys. Res., 91 (B11), 11,497–11,502. DOI:10.1029/JB091iB11p11497 Google Scholar Google Scholar Crossref Search ADS  
  26. Borcherdt, R. D., G. Glassmoyer, and Wennerberg, L. (1986). Influence of Welded Boundaries in Anelastic Media on Energy Flow, and Characteristics of P, S-I, and S-II Waves: Observational Evidence for Inhomogeneous Body Waves in Low-Loss Solids, J. Geophys. Res., 91(B11), 11,503–11,518.  DOI: 10.1029/jb091ib11p11503 Google Scholar
  27. Johnston, M. J. S., Linde, A. T., Gladwin, M.., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1987). Fault failure for moderate earthquakes, Tectonophysics, 144, 189-206. DOI: 10.1016/0040-1951(87)90017-5 Google Scholar
  28. Malin, P. E., Waller, J. A., Borcherdt, R. D., Cranswick, E., Jensen, E. G., and Van Schaack,, J. (1988). Vertical seismic profiling of Oroville micro earthquakes; velocity spectra and particle motion as a function of depth, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 78, 2, 401-420. Google Scholar
  29. Borcherdt, R. D. (1988). Recording strong motion-New methods and instrumentation, U.S. J. Int'l. Council Bldg. Res. (CIB), 16, 87-92. DOI: 10.1080/01823328808726872 Google Scholar
  30. Borcherdt, R. D. (1988). Volumetric strain in relation to particle displacements for body and surface waves in a general viscoelastic half-space, Geophys. J. Royal Astro. Soc., 93, 215-228. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246x.1988.tb01997. Google Scholar
  31. Borcherdt, R. D., and Glassmoyer, G. (1989). An exact anelastic model for the free-surface reflection of P and S-I waves, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 79, 3, 842-859. Google Scholar researchgate.net
  32. Borcherdt, R. D., Johnston, M. J. S., and Glassmoyer, G. (1989). On the use of volumetric strain meters to infer additional characteristics of short-period seismic radiation, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 79, 4, 1006-1023. Google Scholar
  33. Filson, J. R., Borcherdt, R. D., Langer, C., and Simpson, D. (1989).  Seismology, Earthquake Spectra, 5, 1-12. DOI: 10.1193/1.1585212. Google Scholar 
  34. Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., Andrews, M., and Cranswick, E. (1989). Effect of site conditions on ground motion and damage, in Armenia earthquake reconnaissance report, Earthquake Spectra, 5, 23-42. DOI: 10.1193/1.1585233 Google Scholar
  35. Hough, S. E., Simpson, D., Lerner-Lan, A., Friberg, P. A., Busby, R., Shengold, L., Tuttle, M., Field, E. H., Jacob, K. H., Pacheco, J., Estabrook, C., Peterson, M., Johnson, D.H., Borcherdt, R. D., and Frankel, A. (1990). Observations of weak ground motion in the epi­central area and in west Oakland following the Loma Prieta earth­quake of October 17, 1989, in Loma Prieta earthquake reconnaissance report, Earthquake Spectra, Suppl., 6, 448 pp.
  36. Hough, S. E., Friberg, P. A., Busby, R., Field, E. F., Jacob, K. H., and Borcherdt, , R. D. (1990). Sediment induced amplification --A possible factor in the collapse of the Nimitz freeway during the October 17, 1989 Loma Prieta (CA) Earthquake, Nature, 344, 853-855. DOI: 10.1038/344853a0 Google Scholar
  37. Borcherdt, R. D., Donovan, N. C., D. Eberhart-Phillips, A. Michael, P. Reasenberg, L. Dietz, W. Ellsworth, D. J. Ponti, R. E. Wells, R. A. Haugerud, M. M. Clark, and N. T. Hal (1990). Geosciences, Loma Prieta Earthquake, Earthquake Spectra, S1, 7-24. DOI: 10.1193/1.1585600 researchgate.net
  38. Borcherdt, R. D., Donovan, N. C., Celebi, M., Shakal, A., Huang, M., Reichle, M., Ventura, C., Cao, T., Bherburne, R., Savage, M., Darragh, R., Petersen, C., Boore, D. M., Joyner, W. B. and Leyendecker, E.V. (1990). Ground Motion, Loma Prieta Earthquake, Earthquake Spectra, S1, 25-80. DOI: 10.1193/1.1585601 researchgate.net
  39. Glassmoyer, G., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1990). Source parameters and effects of band-width and local geology on high-frequency ground motions observed for aftershocks of northeastern Ohio earthquake of 31 January, 1986, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 80, 4, 889-912. Google Scholar
  40. Borcherdt, R. D. (1991). On the observation, characterization, and predictive GIS mapping of strong ground shaking for seismic zonation - A case study for San Francisco Bay region, Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand Procs. (a keynote address), I, 1-24 and in Bull. New Zealand Nat'l. Soc. Earthquake Engineering, 24, 287-305. researchgate.net
  41. King, S. A., Kiremidjian, A. S., Borcherdt, R. D. and Wentworth, C. M. (1993). GIS mapping of earthquake ground shaking in San Francisco, California, Structural Engineering in Natural Hazards Mitigation, 259-264. Google Scholar
  42. Borcherdt, R. D., and Glassmoyer, G. (1992). On the characteristics of local geology and their influence on ground motions generated by the Loma Prieta earthquake in the San Francisco Bay region, California, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 82, 2, 603-641. Google Scholar
  43. Mori, J., Filson, J. Cranswick, E., Borcherdt, R., Amirbekian, R., Aharonian, V., and Hachverdian, L. (1994). Measurements of P and S wave fronts from the dense three-dimensional array at Garni, Armenia, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 84, 4, 1089-1096. Google Scholar
  44. Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1994). Influences of local geology on strong and weak ground motions in the San Francisco Bay region, California and their implications for site-specific code provisions, in The Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- strong ground motion, R. D. Borcherdt, (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1551-A, A77-A108. DOI: 10.3133/pp1551A  
  45. Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). The Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- Strong Ground Motion, A synopsis, in The Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- strong ground motion, R.D. Borcherdt, (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1551-A, A1-A7. DOI: 10.3133/pp1551A
  46. Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). The Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989 -- strong ground motion, Chapter A, R.D. Borcherdt, (ed.), U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 1551-A, DOI: 10.3133/pp1551A
  47. Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). Estimates of site-dependent response spectra for design (methodology and justification), Earthquake Spectra, 10, 617-653.  DOI: 10.1193/1.1585791 Google Scholar
  48. Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). New developments in estimating site effects on ground motion -- A new integrated methodology for estimates of site-dependent response spectra, seismic coefficients for site-dependent building code provisions, and predictive GIS maps of strong ground shaking, New Developments in Earthquake Ground Motion Estimation and Implications for Engineering Design Practice ATC 35-1, Applied Technology Council, 10, 1-44. Google Scholar
  49. Mueller, R. J., Lee, M., Johnston, M. J. S, Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., and Silverman, S. (1995). Near-real time monitoring of seismic events and status of portable digital recorders using satellite telemetry, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 85, 2, 640-645. Google Scholar
  50. Borcherdt, R. D. (1995). Seismology in “The Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake of January 17, 1995, Performance of Lifelines”, M. Shinozuka, (ed.),  National Center for Earthquake Engineering  MCEER-95-0015, 2.1-2.29. Univ. New York, Buffalo, Google Scholar
  51. Borcherdt, R. D. (1995). Strong ground motion generated by the Hanshin-Awaji (Hyogo-ken Nanbu) earthquake of January 17. 1995 in “The Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake of January 17. 1995” J.P Moehle, (ed.), Earthquake Engineering Research Center Report UCB/EERC-95/10, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 11-44.
  52. Borcherdt, R. D. and Holzer, T. (1996). Seismology, geology and geotechnical issues, in "The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu (Kobe) Earthquake; Performance of structures, lifelines, and fire protection systems”, National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST Spec. Pub. 901, 5-55. Google Scholar
  53. FEMA HAZUS, (2018). HAZUS Software Release 4.2 (SP01) (Includes earthquake model with integration of Vs30 site characterization), Earthquake Model Development Oversight  Committee: W. Holmes, R. D. Borcherdt, D. Brookshire, R. Eisner, , R. Olson, M.  O'Rourke, H. J. Lagorio, R. Reitherman, FEMA HAZUS 4.2 (SP01)Software Release.
  54. Dobry, R., Borcherdt, R. D., Crouse, C. B., Idriss, I. M. Joyner, W. B.  Martin, G. R. Power, M. S.  Rinne, E. E., and Seed R. B. (2000). New site coefficients and site classification system used in recent building seismic code provisions (1994/1997 NEHRP and 1997 UBC), Earthquake Spectra, 16, 41-68. DOI:10.1193/1.1586082 Google Scholar
  55. Borcherdt, R. (2000). Book Review Earthquakes, Bruce A. Bolt, 4th Edition, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York, Earthquake Spectra, 16, 309-310. DOI: 10.1193/1.1586113
  56. Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, C., Glassmoyer, G, Gibbs, J. F., and Warrick, R. E. (2001). Integrated surface and borehole strong-motion soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, Strong Motion Instrumentation for Civil Engineering Structures, Procs. NATO Science Series E: 373, 167-178. DOI: 9780792369165 Google Scholar
  57. FEMA HAZUS, (2001). HAZUS99 Estimated Annualized Earthquake Losses for the United States, Earthquake Model Development Oversight Committee: W. Holmes, R. D. Borcherdt, D. Brookshire, R. Eisner, , R. Olson, M.  O'Rourke, H. J. Lagorio, R. Reitherman, R. V. Whitman, FEMA 366, 33 pp. researchgate.net
  58. Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Empirical evidence for acceleration-dependent amplification factors, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 92, 2, 761-782. DOI: 10.1785/0120010170 researchgate.net
  59. Borcherdt, R.D. (2002). Empirical evidence for site coefficients in building-code provisions, Earthquake Spectra, 18, 189-218. DOI: 10.1193/1.1486243 Google Scholar rearchgate.net
  60. Borcherdt, R.D. Hamburger, R.O. and Kircher, C.A. (2003). Seismic Design Provisions and Guidelines in the United States; A Prologue, Earthquake and Engineering Seismology Int’l. Handbook, Jennings, P, Kanamori, H., and Lee, W.H.K. eds., Academic Press, 1127-1128. DOI: 10.1016/s0074-6142(03)80182-1
  61. Holzer, T. L., Borcherdt, R. D., Comartin, C. D., Hanson, R. D., Scawthorn, C. R., Tierney, K., and Youd, T. L. (2003). The plan to coordinate NEHRP post-earthquake investigations, U. S. Geol. Survey Circ. 1242, 27 pp. DOI: 10.3133/cir1242
  62. Borcherdt, R. D. (2003). Erratum: "Empirical evidence for site coefficients in building code provisions" [Earthquake Spectra 18, 189–217 (2002)], Earthquake Spectra, 19, 453-454. DOI: 10.1193/1.1578083  researchgate.net
  63. Power, M. S., (ed), Borcherdt, R. D., Crouse, C. B., Dobry, R., Idriss, I. M. Joyner, W. B.  Martin, G. R.  Rinne, E. E., and Seed R. B. (2003). NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and other Structures, 2003 Edition, Part 2: Commentary, Chapter 3 Ground Motion, FEMA 450, 17-34. researchgate.net
  64. Langbein, J., Borcherdt, R., Dreger, D., Fletcher, J., Hardebeck, J., Hellweg, M., Ji, C., Johnston, M., Murray, J., Nadeau, R., Rymer, M., and Treiman, J. (2004). Preliminary Report on the 28 September 2004, M 6.0 Parkfield, California Earthquake, Seismol. Res. Letters, 76, 10-26. DOI: 10.1785/gssrl.76.1.27 Google Scholar researchgate.net
  65. Shakal, A., Huang, M., Graizer, V., Borcherdt, R., Haddadi, H., Lin, K., Stephens, C., and Roffers P. (2005). Preliminary Analysis of Strong-Motion Recordings from the 28 September 2004 Parkfield, California Earthquake, Seismol. Res. Letters, 76, 27-39. DOI: 10.1785/gssrl.76.1.27 Google Scholar
  66. Borcherdt, R. D. (2005). Book Review-The Race to Seismic Safety-Protecting California’s Transportation System, Penzien, Joseph, 2003, Report to Director, California Department of Transportation, Sacramento, California, December, Earthquake Spectra, 21, 613. DOI: 10.1193/8755-2930-21.2.613 Google Scholar
  67. Borcherdt R.D., Glassmoyer G., Dietel C., Westerlund R. (2005) Integrated Surface and Borehole Strong-Motion, Soil-Response Arrays in San Francisco, California. In: Gülkan P., Anderson J.G. (eds) Directions in Strong Motion Instrumentation. Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences, 58, Springer, Dordrecht, 130-156. DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-3812-7_9 Google Scholar
  68. Borcherdt, R. D. (2005). Erratum Empirical Evidence for Acceleration-Dependent Amplification Factors, [Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 92, 2, 761-782] Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am, 95, 1, 373-374. DOI: 10.1785/0120040174 Google Scholar
  69. Johnston, M. J. S., R. D. Borcherdt, A. T. Linde, and Gladwin, M. T. (2006). Continuous borehole strain and pore pressure in the near-field of the September 28, 2004, MW 6.0 Parkfield, California, earthquake, Implications for nucleation, fault response, earthquake prediction and tremor. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 96, 4B,S56-S72. DOI: 10.1785/0120050822 Google Scholar
  70. Borcherdt, R. D., M. J. S. Johnston, G. Glassmoyer, and Dietel, C. (2006). Recordings of the Parkfield 2004 Earthquake on the GEOS Strong-Motion Array; Implications for earthquake precursors, fault rupture, co-seismic and post-event strain changes, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 96, 4B, S73 - S89. DOI: 10.1785/0120050827  Google Scholar researchgate.net
  71. Thiel, C. Jr, J. E. Beavers, J. P. Moehle, R. D. Borcherdt, F. Naeim, and P. Gülkan, (2009). Earthquake Spectra at 25, 25, 491- 495. DOI: 10.1193/1.3148887
  72. FEMA HAZUS, (2009). HAZUS-MH 2.1 Advanced Engineering Building Module (AEBM), Earthquake Model Development Oversight Committee: W. Holmes, R. D. Borcherdt, D. Brookshire, R. Eisner, , R. Olson, M.  O'Rourke, H. J. Lagorio, R. Reitherman, R. V. Whitman,  AEBM  Methodology (C. Kircher), Software (M. Bouhafs, S. Lawson, J. Bouabid), FEMA AEBM Technical and User’s Manual                 121 pp. researchgate.net
  73. FEMA HAZUS, (2011). HAZUS-MH 2.1 Earthquake Model User Manual, Earthquake Model Development Oversight  Committee: R. V. Whitman, R. D. Borcherdt, D. Brookshire, R. Eisner, W. Holmes, R. Olson, M.  O'Rourke, H. J. Lagorio, R. Reitherman, FEMA HAZUS MH 2.1 User  Manual, 863 pp.  researchgate.net
  74. FEMA HAZUS, (2013). HAZUS-MH 2.1 Earthquake Model Technical Manual, Earthquake Model Development Oversight  Committee: R. V. Whitman, R. D. Borcherdt, D. Brookshire, R. Eisner, W. Holmes, R. Olson, M.  O'Rourke, H. J. Lagorio, R. Reitherman, Software development (Risk Management Solutions),  FEMA HAZUS MH 2.1 Technical Manual, 718 pp. researchgate.net
  75. Borcherdt, R. D. (2014). Implications of next generation attenuation ground motion prediction equations for site coefficients used in earthquake resistant design, Eqk. Eng. & Struct. Dynamics, 43 (9), 1343-1360. DOI: 10.1002/eqe.2400 Google Scholar
  76. Wang, G., Y. Ding, and R. Borcherdt (2015). Simulation of acceleration field of the Lushan earthquake (Ms7. 0, April 20, 2013, China), Engineering Geology, 189, 84-97. DOI: 10.1016/j.enggeo.2015.02.003 Google Scholar

Archived Symposium and Conference Proceedings Papers:

  1. McCulloch, D. S., Bonilla, M. G., Borgman, G. N., Vardy, P., Wilhelm, R .O., Wallace, R. E., Mader, G. C., Johnson, A. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Atkinson, and Sterling K., Jr. (1969). San Francisco Peninsula trip for planners and public officials, field trip 5, Assoc. Eng. Geol. Nat'l Meeting, E1-E10.
  2. Borcherdt, R. D., Joyner, W. B., Nichols, D. R., Chen, A. T. F., Warrick, R. E., and Gibbs, J., (1972).  Ground motion predictions, International Conference on Microzonation for Safer Construction Research and Application, Proc., 2, 862 pp.
  3. Borcherdt R. D. (1973). A preliminary strategy for seismic zonation of the San Francisco Bay region based on relative ground motion predictions, Fifth Joint U.S.-Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, Tokyo, Japan, U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 443-444. Google.Books
  4. Borcherdt R. D. and J.F. Gibbs (1974). Prediction of maximum earthquake intensities for the San Francisco Bay region, Sixth Joint U.S./Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, Washington, D.C., U.S. Natl. Bur. Stand. Spec. Publ. 444, III, 84-94.
  5. Borcherdt, R. D. (1975). Studies for seismic zonation of the San Fran­cisco Bay region -- A brief summary, U.S. Nat’l. Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., Ann Arbor, Mich., 123-127.  
  6. Borcherdt, R. D. (1976). Wave propagation in soils, Sixth World Conf. Earth­quake Eng., Proc. 6, 599-604.
  7. Brabb, E. F. and R. D. Borcherdt (1978) Progress on Seismic Zonation in the San Francisco Bay Region, Introduction and Summary, in Second International Conference on Microzonation for Safer Construction, Research and Application Procs., M. A. Sherif (ed.), 1, 229-230.
  8. Borcherdt, R. D., Gibbs, J. F., and T. F. Fumal (1978) Progress on ground motion predictions for the San Francisco Bay region, California, in Second International Conference on Microzonation for Safer Construction, Research and Application Procs. M. A. Sherif (ed.), 1, 241-254.
  9. Borcherdt, R. D. and Matthiesen, R. B. (1980). U.S. strong-motion pro­grams, Seventh World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc. 7, 2, 9-16.  researchgate.net
  10. Rogers, A. M., Covington, P. A., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1980).  A compari­son of ground response in the Los Angeles region from nuclear ex­plosions and the 1971 San Fernando earthquake, Seventh World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc. 7, 2, 625-632.
  11. Borcherdt, R. D. (1981). Comments on array design and aftershock recordings derived from Imperial Valley earthquake of October 15, 1979, State of the Art in Earthquake Engineering, 1981, Kelaynak, Ankara, Turkey, 25.
  12. Rojahn, C. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1982). On the status of in-situ strong ground-motion and structural-response investigations, Int’l. Earthquake Microzonation Conf. Proc., 3, I, 329-363. (also in National Bureau of Standards, Special Publication, 617-654, 1983).
  13. Algermissen, S. T., Askew, B. L., Borcherdt, R. D., Campbell, R. H., Clarke Jr., S. H., Evernden, J. F.,  Fumal, T. E., Gibbs, J. F., Greene, H. G., Hanks, T. C., Harp, E. L., Hartzell, S. H., Hopper, M. G., Johnson, C. E., Joyner, W. B., Keefer, D. K., Kockleman, W. J., McCulloch, D. S., Perkins, D. M., Rogers, A. M., Spudich, P. A., Thenhaus, P. C., Tinsley, J. C., Wilson, R. C., Yerkes, R. F., Youd, T. L.,  and  Ziony,  J. I. (1982). Seismic zonation of the Los Angeles region, A progress report, Int'l. Earthquake Microzonation Conf. 3, Proc., I, 157-172.
  14. Borcherdt, R. D., Jensen, E. G., Maxwell, G. L., Fletcher, J. P., Mc­Clearn, R., Van Schaack, J. R., and Warrick, R. E. (1983). A general earthquake observation system (GEOS), Int’l. Assoc. Seismol. and Phys. Earth's Interior, Comm. Controlled Source Seismol., Publ, 49-53.
  15. Borcherdt, R. D. (1983). Strong-motion networks in the United States; a review,  Golden Anniversary Workshop on Strong Motion Seismometry Procs., Univ. Southern California, Los Angeles, 148 pp.
  16. Fletcher, J. B., Borcherdt, R. D., Mueller, C., and Cranswick, E. (1984). Data from the GEOS digital recorder, Int. Assoc. Seismol. and Phys. Earth's Int. Comm. Controlled Source Seismology, Publ., 155-157.
  17. Borcherdt, R. D. (1984). On recent advances in strong-motion data acquisition capabilities, Eighth World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., San Francisco, California, 2, 63-70.
  18. Borcherdt, R. D., Anderson, J. G., Crouse, C. B., Donovan, N. C., Iwan, W., McEvilly, T. V., and Shakal, A. (1984). Free-field instrumenta­tion recommendations, Appendix B in Third Report of the Strong Motion Instrumentation Program, California Division of Mines and Geology Spec. Publ., 43 pp.
  19. Rogers, A. M., Tinsley, J. C., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1984). Geographic variation in ground shaking as a function of changes in near-sur­face properties and geologic structure near Los Angeles, Califor­nia, Eighth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., San Francisco, California, 2, 737-744.
  20. Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Implications of recent advances in instrumen­ta­tion for strong motion studies, Seventeenth Joint U.S.-Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, Procs., NBS IR 86-3364, 106-117. Tsukuba, Japan.
  21. Shakal, A. F. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). Review of recent strong motion data, Proc., Strong ground motion simulation and earthquake engineering applications: a technology assessment, Procs., Los Altos, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 85-02, 9.1- 9.12.
  22. Borcherdt, R. D. (1985). On anelastic-earth structure and seismic waves, Strong ground motion simulation and earthquake engineering applications: a technology assessment, Procs., Los Altos, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 85-02, 1-18.
  23.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Bolt, B. A. (1985). Planning considerations for recording the next major earthquake in California, Strong ground motion simulation and earthquake engineering applications: a technology assessment, Procs., Los Altos, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ. 85-02, 10-1, 10-20.
  24.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1986). Characteristics of anelastic reflection-refraction coefficients with implications for calculation of syn­thetic seismograms, Indo-U.S. workshop on earthquake dis­aster mitigation research, Proc., Jan 19-23, 1987, New Delhi, India, I, IV-65-75.
  25.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1987). On the aftershock sequence of the earthquake of January 31, 1986 in northeastern Ohio; ef­fects of bandwidth and local geology on observed high-frequency ground motion, Earthquake Ground Motion Esti­mation in East­ern North America Procs., Nuc. Reg. Commission, 8-42.
  26.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1987). Application of LSI Technology to field digi­tal data acquisition systems for wind and earthquake engineer­ing, Field Data Acquisition Systems Procs., April 13-14, 1987, Raleigh, NC.
  27.  Borcherdt, R. D., Johnston, M.J.S., Noce, T.C., Glassmoyer, G., and D. Myren (1988). A broadband, wide dynamic range, strong-motion network near Parkfield, California USA for measurement of acceleration and volumetric strain, Ninth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Tokyo, Japan, VIII, 125-130.
  28.  Borcherdt, R. D., Langer, C., Filson, J. R., Simpson, D. W., Glassmoyer, G., Andrews, M., and Cranswick, E. (1990). On the rupture zone and effects of local geologic conditions on damages and ground motions for the Armenian earthquakes of December 7, 1988, US Nat’l. Con­f. on Earthquake Engineering, 4th, Procs., Palm Springs, CA Procs., Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst. 1, 131-140.
  29.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1990). Local geology and its influence on strong motion, Oakland, Calif., U.S. Nat'l. Con­ference, Loma Prieta Earthquake -- One Year Later, Proc., 20 pp.
  30.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1990). Influence of local geology in the San Fran­cisco Bay region, California on ground motions generated by the Loma Prieta earthquake of October 17, 1989, Tokyo, Japan, Invited, Int'l. Symposium on Safety of Urban Life and Facilities, Proc., 1, 1.1-1.35.
  31.  Kameda, H., Çelebi, M., Borcherdt, R. D., Akamatsu, J., and Fujita, M. (1991). Comparative observation of soil amplification from long-period micro tremor and earthquake recordings for seismic microzonation, Fourth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Procs., Stanford, CA, Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst., III, 375-382.
  32.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Shah, H.C. eds. (1991). Preface, Fourth Int’l. Conf.  Fourth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Procs., Stanford, California, Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst. Report No. SZP-4, I, II, III, 760 pp.
  33.   Wentworth, C. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Fitzgibbon, T. T., and Showalter, P. K. (1991). Application of GIS technology to seismic zonation of the San Francisco Bay region, California, Fourth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Procs.,., Stanford, CA, Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst., III, 537-544.
  34.  Borcherdt, R. D., Wentworth, C. M., Janssen, A., Fumal, T., and Gibbs, J. (1991). Methodology for  predictive GIS mapping of special study zones for strong ground shaking in the San Francisco Bay region, California Fourth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Procs., Stanford, California, Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst. Report No. SZP-4, III, 545-552.
  35.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Characterization of potential geographic variations in strong ground motion for purposes of mapping ground failure potential, Assoc. of Engineering Geology Procs., 15.
  36.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Instrumentation for soft soil sites, U.S.-Chile Workshop on Geotechnical Instrumentation for Great Earthquakes Procs., NSF, 1-12.
  37.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). General Earthquake Observation Systems, Emphasis on design concepts pertinent in Chili, U.S.-Chile Workshop on Geotechnical Instrumentation for Great Earthquakes Procs., NSF, 13-21.
  38.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Simplified site classes and empirical amplification factors for site-dependent code provisions, NCEER, SEAOC, BSSC workshop on site response during earthquakes and seismic code provisions Procs., Univ. Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, Nov. 18 - 20, 1992.
  39.  Kunagai, Y. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1993). Research needs for application of seismic zonation to earthquake recovery and reconstruction, Third U.S.-Japan Workshop on Urban Earthquake Hazards Reduction Procs., Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst., 266 pp.
  40. Borcherdt, R. D. (1993). General methodology for estimating free-field, site-specific response spectra, Building Seismic Safety Council, Minutes, April 4, 5, and 28, 1993.
  41.  Borcherdt, R., Langer, C., Filson, J., Simpson, D., Glassmoyer., Cranswick, E., Dietel, C., Sembera, E., Andrews, M., Amirbekian, R., Aharonian, V., Safarian, K., Galagian, H., Aapoian, G., Kirakossian, K., Tovmasian, A., and Khachatrian, G. (1993). Effects of Rupture Characteristics and Local Geology on Damage from the earthquake of December 7, 1988 near Spitak, Armenia, Int’l. Conf. on Continental Collision Zone Earthquakes and Earthquake Hazard Reduction, Proc., Bolt B.A. and Amirbekian, R. (eds.) 1994, Yerevan, Armenia.
  42.  Kiremidjian, A. and Borcherdt, R. (1993). Amplification of earthquake ground motion in Armenia from aftershock records, Int’l. Conf. on Continental Collision Zone Earthquakes and Earthquake Hazard Reduction, Proc.,Bolt B.A. and Amirbekian, R. (eds.) 1994, Yerevan, Armenia.
  43.  Margheriti, L., Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., and Hellwig, M. A. (1993). Preliminary assessment of seismicity near Yerevan, Armenia using the dense three-dimensional array at Garni, Int’l. Conf. on Continental Collision Zone Earthquakes and Earthquake Hazard Reduction, Proc., Bolt B.A. and Amirbekian, R. (eds.) 1994, Yerevan, Armenia.
  44.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1993). On the estimation of site-dependent response spectra, Int’l. Workshop on Strong-Motion Data Procs., Menlo Park, CA, Port and Harbor Research Institute, Japan, Publ., 2, 399- 427.
  45.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). Strong ground motions generated by the Northridge, California earthquake of January 17, 1994, Preliminary implications for site-dependent, earthquake-resistant, design spectra, Joint Japan / United States Seminar on the Northridge, California Earthquake of Jan. 17,1994 Procs., Architectural Institute of Japan, Tokyo, Japan, 83-114.
  46.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). Site factors, a possible new approach for code provisions -- preliminary implications from Northridge earthquake, Annual Meeting Structural Engineering Association of California Procs., Lake Tahoe, CA, September 29 - October 2, 1994.
  47.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1994). On New Developments in Estimating Site-Dependent, Earthquake-Resistant Design Spectra --- Implications for Improvements in Building Code Provisions and Seismic Zonation, (keynote lecture), Second Int’l. Conf. on Earthquake Resistant Construction and Design, Berlin, Germany Procs. June 15 - 18.
  48.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Wentworth, C. W. (1995). Strong-ground motion generated by the Northridge earthquake of January 17, 1994, Implications for seismic design coefficients and seismic zonation, Fifth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation Procs., Nice, France, II, 964 - 971.
  49.  Borcherdt, R. D., Lawson, S., Pessina, V., Bouabid, J., and Shah, H. C. (1995). Applications of geographic information system technology (GIS) to seismic zonation and earthquake loss estimation, (Invited state-of-the-art lecture), Fifth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation, Nice, France, III, 1933-1973.
  50.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Preliminary amplification estimates inferred from strong ground-motion recordings of the Northridge earthquake of January 17, 1994, International Workshop on Site Response Subjected to Strong Earthquake Motions Procs., Port and Harbour Research Institute, January 16 - 17, 1996, Yokosuka, Japan, I, 24-33 and II, 21-46.
  51.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Preliminary site amplification factors inferred from strong-motion recordings of the Northridge and Kobe earthquakes; Implications for site-specific design factors, Seventh U.S.-Japan workshop on improvement of structural design and construction practice, Procs., January 18-20, Osaka, Japan, Applied Technology Council, 11 pp.
  52.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Preliminary estimates of site amplification from the Kobe and Northridge earthquakes for site-specific design provisions, 8th Joint Meeting UJNR Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects Procs., Nat’l. Inst. of Standards and Technology, NIST SP 904, 125-134.
  53.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Strong ground motions generated by the Northridge and Hanshin-Awaji earthquakes of January 17, 1994 and 1995; Implications for site-specific design factors,  Eleventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., CD. ISBN: 0 08 042822 3
  54.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1996). Effects of Site Conditions on Strong Ground shaking in The San Francisco Bay Region During the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, (Invited), Eleventh World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., CD. ISBN: 0 08 042822 3
  55.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1997). Spatial ground-motion amplification analyses, (Invited), Geo-Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers Procs. 56-69.
  56.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1997). Earthquake ground-motion measurement for public safety, 29th Joint Meeting UJNR Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects Proc. Tsukuba, Japan, May, 1997.
  57.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1997). Estimates of Site Dependent Response Spectra for New and existing Highway Facilities, Workshop Procs., NCEER Federal Highway Research Project, Procs., San Francisco, CA, May 1997.
  58.  Borcherdt, R. D., Frankel, A., Joyner, W. B, and Bouabid, J. (1997). Vision 2005 for earthquake strong ground-motion measurement in the United States, Workshop, Vision 2005, An Action Plan for Strong Motion Programs to Mitigate Earthquake Losses in Urbanized Areas Procs., C. Stepp, (ed.), Committee for the Advancement of Strong Motion Programs, Monterey, CA, 112-130.  in U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 97 - 530 B, 47 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr97530B
  59.  Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Warrick, R. E., and Westerlund, R. E. (1998). Integrated Strong-Motion soil-response arrays in San Francisco, California, Second Int’l. Symposium On Effects of Surface Geology on Seismic Motion Procs., Yokohama, Japan.
  60.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). Earthquake ground-motion measurement for public safety, Int’l. Conf. on Modern Preparation and Response Systems for Earthquake, Tsunami, and Volcanic Hazards, Proc., IASPEI/IAVCEI, Santiago, Chile.
  61.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). A vision for the future of strong-motion recording, 30th Joint Meeting U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects Procs., Gaithersburg, Maryland, N. J. Raufaste, Jr., (ed.), Nat’l. Inst. of Stand. and Tech. (NIST) Spec. Publ. 931, ISCCS TR18, 5-60.
  62.  Zuo, H., Xie, L., Dong., W., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). Study on Compilation of Seismic Zoning Map using Geographic Information System (GIS), Inst. Eng. Mechanics Rept., China, 10 pp.
  63.  Borcherdt, R. D., Zuo, H., and Wen, R., (1999). Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) technology to ground-motion simulation in the San Francisco Bay Region, CA, Disaster Prevention/Management and Green Technology Workshop, Procs. June 26-28, 1999, Foster City, CA.
  64.  Zuo, H., Xie, L., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1998). Simulation of Ground-Motion Response -- An example for the San Francisco Bay Region (Geographic Information System Approach), Inst. Eng. Mechanics Rept., Harbin, China, 12 pp also in .
  65. Zuo, H., Xie, L., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1999). Simulation of scenario earthquake influenced field by using GISActa Seismologica Sinica 12 (4), 475-480 DOI: 10.1007/s11589-999-0088-0
  66.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Fumal, T.E. (1999). Empirical Evidence from the Northridge Earthquake for Site-Specific Amplification Factors Used in U.S. building Codes, 12 World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Auckland New Zealand, 2, paper no. 1577.
  67.  Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, and Warrick, R. E. (1999). Integrated Surface and Borehole Strong-motion soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, 31st Joint UJNR Meeting on Wind and Seismic Effects Procs., Tsukuba, Japan.
  68.  Borcherdt, R. D., Liu, H. P., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, C., Gibbs, J. F., and Warrick, R. E. (1999). Integrated surface and borehole strong-motion soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, NATO Advanced Res. Workshop, Strong-motion Inst. for Civil Eng. structures, June 2 -5, Istanbul, Turkey.
  69.  Borcherdt, R. D., Zuo, H., and Wen, R. (1999). Applications of Geographic Information System Technology (GIS) to Ground-Motion Simulation in the San Francisco Bay Region, CA, Disaster Prevention/Management and Green Technology Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.
  70.  Archuleta, R. Tumarkin, A., Lindley, G. Shakal, A., and Borcherdt, R. (1999). A virtual strong-motion data center for data dissemination through the Internet Calif. Strong-Motion Instrumentation Data Utilization Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.
  71.  Borcherdt, R. and Shakal, A. (1999). On the Development of “User-Friendly” Interfaces for the use of strong-motion data on the Internet, Calif. Strong-Motion Instrumentation Data Utilization Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.
  72.  Shakal, A. and Borcherdt, R. (1999). Toward a common format for strong-motion data products, Calif. Strong-Motion Instrumentation Data Utilization Workshop Procs., San Francisco, CA.
  73.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1999). SAFER Megacities (Strong-motion accelerographs for earthquake-loss reduction in Megacities), 2nd International Earthquakes and Megacities Workshop Procs., Dec. 1-3, 1999, Manila, Philippines.
  74.  Borcherdt, R. D., Zuo, H., and Wen, R. (2000). A methodology for predictive GIS mapping of ground shaking with directivity, Sixth Int’l. Conf. on Seismic Zonation Procs., Palm Springs, CA, Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst. I, II, 1400pp.
  75.  Borcherdt, R. D., Bolt, B. A., Shah, H. C., Shakal, A. F., Stepp, J. C., Iwan, W. D., Ballard R. F., Jr. , and Porcella, R. L. (2002). SAFER Cities (Strong-motion Accelerographs For Earthquake Loss Reduction in Cities; A COSMOS - WSSI Initiative for Seismic Safety), Seventh National Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Boston, MA, Eqk. Eng. Res. Inst. Rept. I-V 4500 pp.   NISCEE.berkeley
  76.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Viscoelastic Wave Propagation in Layered Soil Deposits, A Tale of Theory from EERC to the IBC, Invited Clough-Penzien CUREE Symposium Procs., Univ. CA, Berkeley.
  77.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Implications of theoretical, anelastic, seismic wave-field models for site-response estimates used in building code-provisions and in the design of critical facilities. Seismic Hazard Evaluation and Risk Management for the Critical Facilities in Caucasus Procs., Civilian Research Development Foundation, Yerevan, Armenia, October 7-8, 12 pp.
  78.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2002). Theoretical and empirical evidence for site coefficients in building-code provisions, Int’l. Conf., Earthquake Loss Estimation and Risk Reduction Procs., German Science Foundation, Bucharest, Romania, October, 23-26, 15 pp. 
  79.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2004). A theoretical model for site coefficients in building code provisions, 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering Procs., Vancouver, B.C., Canada, August 1-6.
  80.  Borcherdt, R. D., Bolt, B. A., Davis, J., Iwan, W. D., Katayama, T., Porcella, R., Shah, H. C., Shakal, A. F., and Stepp, J. C. (2004). SAFER Cities (Strong-motion Accelerographs For Earthquake Loss Reduction in Cities; A COSMOS-WSSI Initiative for Seismic Safety), 5th General Assembly of the Asian Seismological Commission Procs., Yerevan, Armenia.
  81. Borcherdt, R. D. (2004). Characterization of site response for purposes of earthquake resistant design in U.S. Building Code Provisions, 5th General Assembly of the Asian Seismological Commission Procs., Yerevan, Armenia.
  82.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2004). Considerations of site response in U. S. building code provisions Int’l. Conf. Evolution of Urban Earthquake Engineering Procs., Center for Urban Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, March 7-10, 12 pp.
  83.  Borcherdt, R. D., Westerlund, R. E., Dietel, C., and Glassmoyer, G. (2004). The integrated surface and borehole, geotechnical strong-motion, soil response arrays in San Francisco, California, Int’l. Workshop for Site Selection, Installation and Operation of Geotechnical Strong-Motion Arrays: Workshop 1, Inventory of Current and Planned Arrays, Proc., P. de Alba and others, eds., October 14-15, 2004, COSMOS, 12 pp.
  84.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2008). Viscoelastic Love-type surface waves, 14th World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., October 12-17, 2008, Beijing, China, Paper ID: 14_03-02-0006
  85.  Borcherdt, R. D., 2012, VS30–A site-characterization parameter for use in building Codes, simplified earthquake resistant design, GMPEs, and ShakeMaps, 15th World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Proc., Sept. 24-28, 2012, Lisbon, Portugal. Paper ID: WCEE2012_0173

Refereed Technical Reports:

  1. Borcherdt R. D., and Roller, J. C. (1966). A preliminary summary of a seismic-refraction survey in the vicinity of the Cumberland Plateau Observatory, Tennessee, U.S. Geological Survey, CS-TL 43, 30 pp.
  2.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1967). Fast Fourier analysis of real data, using SHARE program 3425, U.S. Geological Survey Technical Letter, NCER-5, 18 pp.
  3.  Borcherdt, R. D., Healy, J. H., Jackson, W. H., and Warren, D. H. (1967). Seismic measurements of eplosions in Tatum Salt Dome, Missis­sippi, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept., 64 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr6724
  4.  Lee, W. H. K., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1968). Pn spectral variations of the Gasbuggy explosion at intermediate distance range, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 68-166, 18 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr68166
  5.  Borcherdt R. D., and Borgman L. E. (1970). Empirical probability dis­tributions for astronomical water height, Univ. of Calif., Berkeley, Hyd., Eng. Lab. Rept., 34 pp.
  6.  Borcherdt, R. D., and Rodgers, P. W. (1971). Preliminary in-situ measurements of anelastic absorption in soils using a prototype earthquake stimulator, Univ. of Calif., Berkeley, Earthquake Eng. Res. Cent. Rept. UCB/EERC-71/02, 14 pp.
  7.  Gibbs, J. F., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1974). Effects of local geology on ground motion near San Francisco Bay -- A continued study, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 74-222, 146 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr74222
  8.  Gibbs, J. F., Fumal, T. E., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1975). In-situ measure­ments of seismic velocities at twelve locations in the San Fran­cisco Bay region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 75-564, 87 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr75564
  9.  Gibbs, J.F., Fumal, T.E., and Borcherdt, R.D. (1976). In-situ measure­ments of seismic velocities in the San Francisco Bay region, Part II, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 76-731, 145 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr76731
  10.  Borcherdt, R. D., and Gibbs, J. F. (1975). Prediction of maximum earth­quake intensities for the San Francisco Bay region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 75-180, 41 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr75180
  11.  Gibbs, J. F., Fumal, T. E., Borcherdt, R. D., and Roth, E. F. (1977). In-situ measurements of seismic velocities in the San Francisco Bay region - Part III, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 77-850, 143 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr77850
  12.  Rogers, A. M., Covington, P. A., Park, R. B., Borcherdt, R. D., and Perkins, D. M. (1980). Nuclear event time histories and computed site transfer functions for locations in the Los Angeles region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 80-1173, 210 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr801173
  13.  Rogers, A. M., Covington, P. A., Borcherdt, R. D., and Tinsley, J. C. (1981). Comparative ground response studies in Los Angeles using NTS nuclear explosions and San Fernando earthquake data, Conf. XIII, Evaluation of Regional Seismic Hazards and Risk, Santa Fe, N.M., U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 81-437 DOI: 10.3133/ofr81437
  14.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1981). Reflection and refraction of P and type-I S waves at plane interfaces in elastic and anelastic media, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 81-392, 42 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr81392
  15.  Borcherdt R. D., (ed.), (1983). The Coalinga, California earthquake sequence commencing May 2, 1983    (preliminary report on field investigations and data collected as of May 12, 1983), U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 83-511, 81 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr83511
  16.  Borcherdt R. D., Cranswick, E., Maxwell, G., Mueller, C. S., McClearn, R., Sembera, E. and Wennerberg, L. G. (1983). Digital strong-motion data recorded by U.S. Geological Survey near Coalinga, California, in The Coalinga, California earthquake sequence commencing May 2, 1983, U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Report 83-511, 61-76. DOI: 10.3133/ofr83511
  17.  Borcherdt, R. D., Mueller, C. S., and Wennerberg, L. G. (1983). Effects of local geological conditions on strong ground motions in the vicinity of Coalinga, California, in Procs. Workshop “Site-specifc effects of soil and rock on ground motion and the implications for earthquake resistant design”. W.W. Hays (ed.), U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 83-845, 119-143. DOI: 10.3133/ofr83845
  18. Borcherdt, R., Maley, R., and Brady, G. (1983). Data recorded on U.S. national strong-motion network near Coalinga, California, Earthquake Engin. Res. Inst. Publ., 17, 82-86 and in US Geol. Survey Open File Rept. 83-511. DOI: 10.3133/ofr83511
  19. Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1984). The Coalinga earthquake sequence com­menc­ing May 2, 1983 (preliminary report on field investigations and data collected as of May 12, 1983), US Geol. Survey Open File Rept. 83-511. DOI: 10.3133/ofr83511
  20. Borcherdt, R. D., Cranswick, E., Maxwell, G., Mueller, C., McClearn, R., Sembera, G., and Wennerberg, L. (1984). Digital strong-motion data recorded by U.S. Geological Survey near Coalinga, California, US Geol. Survey Open File Rept. 83-511. DOI: 10.3133/ofr83511
  21.  Çelebi, M., Arnold, C., Bertero, V., Borcherdt, R., Brady, G., Fedock, J., Gates, J., Maley, R., Mortgat, C., Rojahn, C., Safak, E., Shah, H., and Zacker, E. (1984). Report on recommended list of structures for seismic instrumentation in the San Francisco Bay region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 84-488, 36 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr84488
  22.  Askew, B., Mueller, C., Converse, A., Watson, J. Algermissen, S. T., Borcherdt, R., and Tarr, A. (1985). Site spectra and spectral ra­tios in Algermissen, S.T.,(ed.), Preliminary Report of Investi­ga­tions of the Central Chile Earthquake of March 3, 1985, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 85-542, 74-116. DOI: 10.3133/ofr85542
  23.  Algermissen, S. T., Kausel, E., Mueller, C., Borcherdt, R. D., and Then­haus, P. C. (1985). Preliminary analysis of ground response and ob­served intensity in Algermissen, S.T., (ed.), Preliminary Report of Investigations of the Central Chile Earthquake of March 3, 1985, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 85-542, 117-124. DOI: 10.3133/ofr85542
  24. Spudich, P., Boore, D. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Brady, A. G., Celebi, M., Fletcher, J. B., Holzer, T., Joyner, W. B., Safak, E., and Youd, T. L. (1985). National plan to record earthquake motions on the ground and in man-made structures, U.S. Geological Survey Report, August 1985.
  25.  Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1986). Preliminary report on aftershock sequence for earthquake of January 31, 1986 near Painesville, Ohio, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-181, 108 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr86181
  26.  Maxwell, G., Sena, J., VanSchaack, J., Warrick, R., Borcherdt, R., Dietel, C., Fletcher, J., Gibbs, J., and Jensen, G. (1986). Instrumentation: Data playback system, in Preliminary report on aftershock sequence for earthquake of January 31, 1986, near Painesville, Ohio (time period: 2/1/86-2/10/86),  R. D. Borcherdt (ed.), U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-181, 108 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr86181
  27.  Borcherdt, R. D., Dietel, C., Sembera, E., Gibbs, J., and Nicholson, C. (1986). Site selection and instrumentation configurations, in Preliminary report on aftershock sequence for earthquake of January 31, 1986, near Painesville, Ohio (time period: 2/1/86-2/10/86), R. D. Borcherdt (ed.), U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-181, DOI: 10.3133/ofr86181
  28.  Borcherdt, R. D. and Glassmoyer, G. (1986). Preliminary analysis of aftershock sequence recorded digitally near Painesville, Ohio, Administrative Report to Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 4-25-86; U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-331, Wesson, R. L., (ed.), 15 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr86331
  29.  Borcherdt, R. D., Fuis, G., and Mooney, W. (1986). Three component digital velocity and acceleration recordings made in conjunction with the PACE refraction experiment, L. Wennerberg (ed.), U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 86-387, 250 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr86387 
  30.  Dietel, C. and Borcherdt, R. D. (1987). GEOS data summary for active and passive seismic experiments conducted in support of northern Nevada lithosphere experiments-PASSCAL, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 87-326, 320 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr87326
  31.  Borcherdt, R. Catchings, R., Mooney, W., Priestly, R., Smith, R., and Thompson, G. (1987). Introduction--objectives for northern Nevada Lithospheric Experiments (NNLE), in GEOS data summary for active and passive seismic experiments conducted in support of northern Nevada Lithospheric Experiments--PASSCAL, Dietel, C. and Borcherdt R. (eds.), U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Rept. 87-326, 2-3.  DOI: 10.3133/ofr87326
  32.  Borcherdt, R. and C. Dietel, C., (1987). Observed and estimated travel-times for the profile extending from the epicentral region near Chalfant, CA to region near Fallon, NV, in GEOS data summary for active and passive seismic experiments conducted in support of northern Nevada Lithospheric Experiments--PASSCAL, Dietel C. and Borcherdt R. D. (compiled and edited by), U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Rept. 87-326, 12-13.  DOI: 10.3133/ofr87326
  33.  Borcherdt, R. D. (1988). Recording strong-motion studies; Advances in instrumentation, Building Research & Information, 16, 87-92. DOI: 10.1080/01823328808726872 
  34.  Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), (1989). Results and data from seismological and geo­logic studies of the earthquakes of December 7, 1988 near Spitak, Armenia, S.S.R., U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Rept. 87-326, 188 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr89163A
  35.  Borcherdt, R. D., (ed.), Glassmoyer, G, and E. Cranswick (compilers) (1989).  GEOS seismograms for aftershocks of the earthquakes of December 7, 1988, near Spitak, Armenia SSR during time period 21 December 1988 through 2 February 1989 (UTC), U. S. Geol. Survey OF Repts. 89-163B, 89-163C, 89-163D, 89-163E, 958 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr89163B, DOI: 10.3133/ofr89163C, DOI: 10.3133/ofr89163D, DOI: 10.3133/ofr89163E
  36.  Borcherdt, R. D., Glassmoyer, G., Der Kiureghian, A., and Cranswick, E. (1989). Effect of site conditions on ground motions in Lenin­akan, Armenia, U.S.S.R, in Borcherdt, R.D., Results and data from seismological and geologic studies of the earthquakes of December 7, 1988 near Spitak, Armenia, U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Rept. 87-326, 188 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr89163A,
  37.  Borcherdt, R. D., Çelebi, M., Filson, J., Iyer, H. M., Johnston, M., Mooney, W., Rogers, A., Van Schaack, J., and Benz, H. (1989). A program for large array seismic observation (LASO), U.S. Geo­logical Survey Administrative Report, 116 pp. and appendices.
  38.  Akamatsu, J., Fujita, M., Kameda, H., Çelebi, M., and Borcherdt, R. D. (1992). Assessment of the effects of local geology using long-period microtremors and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake motions, U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Rept. 92-214, 108 pp. also available as Urban Earthquake Hazard Research Center, UEHR Report No. E6, 111- 103. DOI: 10.3133/ofr92214
  39.  Glassmoyer, G. and Borcherdt, R. D., eds. (1993).  Dense three-dimensional array near Garni, Armenia as part of the Eurasian Seismic Studies Program (objectives, array design, archived data, and preliminary wave-slowness analysis), U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 93-216, 450 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr93216
  40.   Wentworth, C. M., Borcherdt, R. D., Mark, R. K., and Boore, D. M. (1994).  Maps of peak horizontal and vertical accelerations recorded for the Northridge, California earthquake of January 17, 1994, and general geology of the epicentral region, U. S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 94-197, 3 pp. and 2 map sheets at 1,250,000. DOI: 10.3133/ofr94197
  41. Gibbs, J. F., Fumal, T. E., Borcherdt, R. D., Warrick, R. E., Liu, H. P., and Westerlund, R. E. (1994). Seismic velocities and geologic logs from boreholes at three downhole arrays in San Francisco, California, U.S. Geol. Survey Open-File Rept. 94-706, 40 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr94706
  42.  Wentworth, C. W., Borcherdt, R. D., and Mark, R. (1995). Preliminary summary of peak horizontal ground motion generated by the Hanshin-Awaji earthquake of January 17, 1995; Part I of II- Map showing peak horizontal ground acceleration and seismicity superimposed on geologic map, U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept. No. 259A. DOI: 10.3133/ofr95259A
  43.  Borcherdt, R. D. and R.K. Mark. (1995). Preliminary summary of peak horizontal ground motion generated by the Hanshin-Awaji earthquake of January 17, 1995; Part II of II - Description of peak horizontal ground acceleration, acceleration contours, seismicity, and geologic data mapped in Part I, U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept. No. 259B. DOI: 10.3133/ofr95259B
  44.  Borcherdt, R. D., Brown, R. B., Page, R. A., Wentworth, C. M., and Hendley, J. W. II (1995). Seismic maps foster landmark legislation, U. S. Geol. Survey FS 224-95, 2 pp. DOI: 10.3133/fs22495
  45. Borcherdt, R. D. and T. L. Holzer, (1996). Seismology, geology and geotechnical issues, in The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu (Kobe) earthquake; Performance of structures, lifelines, and fire protection systems, Riley M. Chung (ed.), 573 pp., Nat’l. Inst. of Stand. and Tech. (NIST) Spec. Publ. 901, ISCCS TR18, 5-60.
  46.  Borcherdt, R. D., and Frankel, A. (1997). Recommendations for EHRP 5-Year Plan, U. S. Geol. Surv. OF Rept. 97-58, 47 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr9758
  47.  Borcherdt, R. D. (ed.), (1997). Executive summary of visions and options for the future of the U.S. National Strong-Motion Program, The committee for the future of the U.S. National Strong Motion Program, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 97 - 530 A, 14 pp. DOI:  10.3133/ofr97530A
  48.  Borcherdt, R. D. (ed.), (1997). Vision for the future of the U.S. National Strong-Motion Program, The committee for the future of the U.S. National Strong Motion Program, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 97 - 530 B, 47 pp. DOI:   10.3133/ofr97530B
  49. Borcherdt, R. D. (ed.), (1997). Options for the future of the U.S. National Strong-Motion Program, The committee for the future of the U.S. National Strong Motion Program, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 97 - 530 C, 29 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr97530C
  50.  Borcherdt, R. and Fumal, T. (2002). Shear-wave compilation for Northridge strong-motion recording sites, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 02-107, 2 maps + 16 pp.  DOI: 10.3133/ofr02107
  51.  Borcherdt, R. D., (Recorder) Ferre, K., (Chair), Stepp, J. C., Aho, J., Arabasz, W., Crouse, C. B., Heintz, J., Samaan G. Ladkany, S. G., Nishenko, S., Pezeshk, S., Saiid Saiidi, M., Urzua, A., and Withers, M. (2002). National and regional priorities for allocation of strong-motion instrumentation in structures, Panel 2 Report, COSMOS Workshop on Strong-Motion Instrumentation of Buildings, J.C. Stepp, Chair., U.S. Geol.  Survey OF Rept.  02-163, 10 pp. Google Scholar
  52.  Borcherdt, R. D., M. J. S. Johnston, C. Dietel, G. Glassmoyer, D. Myren, and C. Stephens (2004). Acceleration and volumetric strain generated by the Parkfield 2004 Earthquake on the  GEOS Strong-Motion Array near Parkfield, CA, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 2004-1376, 74 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr20041376
  53.  Power, M., Borcherdt, R., and J. Stewart (2004). Site amplification factors from empirical studies, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Univ. Calif., Berkeley, NGA project report, Working Group #5, 32 pp.
  54.  Borcherdt, R. D. (2012). Implications of NGA for NEHRP site coefficients, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 2012-1269, 25 pp. DOI: 10.3133/ofr20121269
  55.  Borcherdt, R. D. ( 2015). NGA-West 2 GMPE average site coefficients for use in earthquake-resistant design, U.S. Geol. Survey OF Rept. 2015-1116, 27 pp., DOI: 10.3133/ofr20151116