Unified Interior Regions

Arizona

The Southwest Region includes California, Nevada, and Arizona. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 143
Date published: December 9, 2016
Status: Active

RAMPS: Restoration Assessment & Monitoring Program for the Southwest

The Restoration Assessment and Monitoring Program for the Southwest (RAMPS) seeks to assist U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and other land management agencies in developing successful techniques for improving land condition in dryland ecosystems of the southwestern United States. Invasion by non-native species, wildfire, drought, and other disturbances are growing...

Date published: December 3, 2016
Status: Active

Erosion and Invasive Saltcedar

Formation of arroyos in the late 1800s greatly increased erosion across the southwestern United States. Since the 1930s, however, this erosion has decreased, partly because of bank stabilization by introduced saltcedar. With Isleta Pueblo Indian Nation, the Aquatic Systems Branch developed a new sediment dating method using saltcedar tree rings. We applied the method in a landmark study of...

Date published: December 1, 2016
Status: Active

Riparian Ecology

Riparian ecologists at the Fort Collins Science Center study interactions among flow, channel change, and vegetation along rivers across the western United States and worldwide. Our work focuses on issues relevant to the management of water and public lands, including dam operation, climate change, invasive species, and ecological restoration. Investigations take place on a range of scales. ...

Date published: November 29, 2016
Status: Active

Science to Inform Riparian Ecosystem Restoration and Management

Throughout the world, riparian habitats have been dramatically modified from their natural condition. Dams, non-native species and climate change are often principal drivers of these changes, via their alteration of water and sediment regimes that determine key resources for riparian plants.

Date published: November 29, 2016
Status: Active

Large-scale streamflow experiments

Because the underlying cause of riparian system alteration is often attributed to the effects of dams on flow regime, managing flow releases, particularly high flows, from dams is an often-advocated approach to river and riparian restoration. Our work has focused on understanding effects of managed high flow releases (a.k.a., pulse flows, controlled floods) from dams along rivers in the lower...

Date published: November 28, 2016
Status: Active

Biological Invasions of Riparian Ecosystems

Beginning in the early twentieth century, non-native trees and shrubs, including tamarisk (also commonly known as saltcedar) and Russian-olive, were introduced to the United States for use as ornamental plants and in erosion-control plantings. These plants spread extensively, becoming the third and fourth most frequently occurring woody riparian plants in the American West.

 

Date published: November 28, 2016
Status: Active

Streamflow-fluvial Geomorphology-riparian Vegetation Interactions

The foundation for applying science to river and riparian restoration contexts lies in a basic understanding of the factors that drive riparian vegetation dynamics. Much of our research is focused on clarifying relationships between streamflow, fluvial geomorphology, and riparian vegetation, including various feedbacks.

Date published: November 21, 2016
Status: Archived

Status and Breeding Ecology of the Arizona Grasshopper Sparrow

The Arizona Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum ammolegus) is a disjunct race that breeds in desert grasslands of southeastern Arizona, extreme southwestern New Mexico, and adjacent parts of northern Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico.

Date published: September 23, 2016
Status: Active

The New Mexico Landscapes Field Station

The New Mexico Landscapes Field Station is a place-based, globally-connected, ecological research group that studies and interprets ecosystem and wildlife dynamics, working with land managers and community leaders to deliver solutions that foster the linked health of human and natural systems.

Our partnerships, and co-location, with land management agencies provide us with opportunities...

Contacts: Ernie Valdez, Ph.D., Ellis Q Margolis, Ph.D., Kay Beeley, Manuel Lopez
Date published: September 21, 2016
Status: Active

External Microbiota of Bats as Potential Bio-control Against Wildlife Diseases

White-nose syndrome (WNS) and/or Pseudogymnoascus destructans (P.d.), the causal agent, has spread westward across 26 states and 5 provinces within the eastern United States and Canada, respectively, over a short period of time. Since its discovery there has been a search to stop the spread of this disease that has killed millions of hibernating bats in its wake. Recent collaborative work by...

Date published: September 20, 2016
Status: Active

Post-fire Recovery Patterns in Southwestern Forests

High-severity crown fires in Southwestern dry-conifer forests — resulting from fire suppression, fuel buildups, and drought — are creating large treeless areas that are historically unprecedented in size. These recent stand-replacing fires have reset extensive portions of Southwest forest landscapes, fostering post-fire successional vegetation that can alter ecological recovery trajectories...

Date published: August 30, 2016
Status: Active

New Mexico Dendroecology Lab

Using tree ring analysis as a primary research tool, we conduct landscape-scale ecological research that focuses on the effects of climate variability on forest ecology, fire ecology, and ecohydrology. 

We are the only tree-ring lab in New Mexico, working in close collaboration with Bandelier National Monument and Emeritus Regents’ Professor Dr. Thomas Swetnam.  However, we were not the...

Filter Total Items: 134
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Year Published: 1981

Geohydrology and effects of water use in the Black Mesa area, Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona

The main source of water in the 5,400-square-mile Black Mesa area is the N aquifer, which consists of the Navajo Sandstone and underlying Kayenta Formation and Wingate Sandstone. Water is under confined conditions in the central 3,300 square miles. Transmissivity is less than 1,000 feet squared per day. Storage coefficient is less than 0.0004 in...

Eychaner, James H.
Geohydrology and effects of water use in the Black Mesa area, Navajo and Hopi Indian Reservations, Arizona; 1981; OFR; 81-911; Eychaner, James H.

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Year Published: 1981

Maps Showing Ground-Water Conditions in the San Francisco Peaks Area, Coconino County, Arizona - 1979

INTRODUCTION The San Francisco Peaks area includes about 2,300 mi2, of which about 500 mi2 is in the Navajo Indian Reservation, in north-central Arizona. Ground-water development has been slight except for the public-supply wells for Flagstaff and domestic wells in Fort Valley, Pitman Valley, and the area west of Elden Mountain. The public...

Appel, Cynthia L.; Bills, Donald J.
Maps Showing Ground-Water Conditions in the San Francisco Peaks Area, Coconino County, Arizona - 1979; 1981; OFR; 81-914; Appel, Cynthia L.; Bills, Donald J.

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Year Published: 1980

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1978 to spring 1979

In 1978 the withdrawal of ground water was about 4.2 million acre-feet in Arizona, and slightly more than 3.4 million acre-feet of ground water was used for the irrigation of crops. The amount of ground water withdrawn in 1978 decreased more than 1.2 million acre-feet from the amount withdrawn in 1977 and is the smallest amount withdrawn since the...

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1978 to spring 1979; 1980; OFR; 80-330; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1980

Map showing ground-water conditions in the Canyon Diablo area, Coconino and Navajo Counties, Arizona - 1979

The Canyon Diablo area includes about 1,400 square miles in northeastern Arizona. The main source of ground water is the Coconino aquifer, which includes the Kaibab Limestone, the Cononino Sandstone, and the upper member of the Supai Formation. In places the alluvium and volcanic rocks yield water to wells and springs. Information on the map...

Appel, Cynthia L.; Bills, Donald J.
Map showing ground-water conditions in the Canyon Diablo area, Coconino and Navajo Counties, Arizona - 1979; 1980; OFR; 80-747; Appel, Cynthia L.; Bills, Donald J.

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Year Published: 1978

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1977 to spring 1978

The withdrawal of ground water was about 5.5 million acre-feet in Arizona in 1977. About 4.7 million acre-feet of ground water was used for the irrigation of crops in 1977. The Salt River Valley and the lower Santa Cruz basin are the largest agricultural areas in the State. For 1973-77, ground-water withdrawal in the two areas was about 8.1 and 5....

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1977 to spring 1978; 1978; WRI; 78-144; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1978

Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program; 1977

Monitoring of coal mine operations on Black Mesa, Ariz., was started in 1971 to determine the effects of strip mining on water resources in the area. Monitoring on and near the mesa includes measurements of ground-water levels and quality and quantity, sediment concentration, and chemical quality of surface water. The surface-water monitoring...

Progress report on Black Mesa monitoring program; 1977; 1978; OFR; 78-459; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1977

Analog simulation of the ground-water system, Yuma, Arizona

Patten, E.P.
Analog simulation of the ground-water system, Yuma, Arizona; 1977; PP; 486-I; USGS NUMBERED SERIES; Water resources of Lower Colorado River-Salton Sea area; Patten, E. P., Jr.

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Year Published: 1977

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1975 to spring 1976

Two small-scale maps of Arizona show (1) pumpage of ground water by areas and (2) the status of the ground-water inventory in the State. A larger map of the State at a scale of 1:500,000 shows potential well production, depth to water in selected wells in spring 1976, and change in water level in selected wells from 1971 to 1976. The brief text...

Babcock, H.M.
Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1975 to spring 1976; 1977; WRI; 77-10; Babcock, H. M.

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Year Published: 1977

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1976 to spring 1977

Two small-scale maps of Arizona show (1) pumpage of ground water by areas and (2) the status of the ground-water inventory in the State. The main map, which is at a scale of 1:500,000, shows potential well production, depth of water in selected wells in spring 1977, and change in water level in selected wells from 1972 to 1977. The brief text that...

Babcock, H.M.
Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona, spring 1976 to spring 1977; 1977; WRI; 77-106; Babcock, H. M.

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Year Published: 1976

Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona

Babcock, H.M.
Annual summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona; 1976; WRI; 76-59; Babcock, H. M.

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Year Published: 1976

Water resources of lower Colorado River-Salton Sea area as of 1971; summary report

McDonald, C. C.; Loeltz, Omar J.
Water resources of lower Colorado River-Salton Sea area as of 1971; summary report; 1976; PP; 486-A; USGS NUMBERED SERIES; Water resources of Lower Colorado River-Salton Sea area; McDonald, C. C.; Loeltz, O. J.

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Year Published: 1973

Geohydrology of the Needles area, Arizona, California, and Nevada

Metzger, D.G.; Loeltz, Omar J.
Geohydrology of the Needles area, Arizona, California, and Nevada; 1973; PP; 486-J; USGS NUMBERED SERIES; Water resources of Lower Colorado River-Salton Sea area; Metzger, D. G.; Loeltz, O. J.

Filter Total Items: 251
June 26, 2013

Earth.Science.Art Project

This collaborative project pairs artists from California's Central Coast and San Francisco Bay Area with scientists from the Santa Cruz-based U.S. Geological Survey's Pacific Marine and Coastal Science Center. The artist create work inspired by scientific research.

June 22, 2013

Animal Interactions at Wind Energy Facilities – American Black Bear

This American black bear and cub duo was seen simply investigating a tortoise burrow, and although it is surprising to see a black bear so low in elevation, it isn't impossible. The study site, Mesa, sits at the intersection of multiple ecosystems (Sonoran Desert, Mojave Desert, montane, and coastal sage scrub). Therefore, the bears could have come down from the montane

June 22, 2013

Animal Interactions at Wind Energy Facilities – Coyotes

Coyotes were the second most frequently observed mammalian predator on the trail cameras. Coyotes are considered one of the primary predators of desert tortoises. In this instance, a coyote is passing by a burrow when it suddenly has a change in attention as it is passing by. It then approaches the burrow and sniffs all around the burrow entrance (including the apron and

USGS and US Forest Service staff installing dust monitoring equipment at a uranium mine near Grand Canyon National Park.
May 31, 2013

USGS and US Forest Service staff installing dust monitoring equipment

USGS and US Forest Service staff installing dust monitoring equipment at a uranium mine near Grand Canyon National Park.

Climate change combined with overlapping high-intensity land uses are likely to create conditions detrimental to the recreation economy, wildlife habitat, water availability and other resources in hyper-arid landscapes, or drylands, in the future

...
Bureau of Land Management truck sprays herbicide in southwestern Idaho as part of a restoration effort. 
December 31, 2012

Truck sprays herbicide in Idaho as part of a restoration effort.

Bureau of Land Management truck sprays herbicide in southwestern Idaho as part of a restoration effort. 

An examination of long-term data for lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management finds that land treatments in the southwestern United States are increasingly large, expensive and related to fire and invasive species control.

December 11, 2012

Streamflow Gaging Station and Measurement on San Pedro River, AZ

USGS employee, Hanna Coy, talks about stream gauging.

A photo of a female mountain bluebird with mistletoe.
November 28, 2012

WERC Mountain Bluebird Eating Mistletoe Berry

A mountain bluebird eats a giant mistletoe berry in an ash tree in Sedona, Arizona (Oak Creek).  These bluebirds, and many other types of birds, rely on mistletoe berries for sustenance. As a result, they also help distribute the mistletoe seeds.

Image: Sandbar growth Grand Canyon following controlled flood
October 31, 2012

Sandbar growth Grand Canyon following controlled flood

Picture showing the increased size of the sandbar after the November 2012 controlled flood from the Glen Canyon Dam. This location is 65 miles downstream from Lees Ferry and the view is looking downstream. These and additional photographs depicting the results of the recent controlled floods can be viewed online.

 

Image: Sandbar in Grand Canyon
September 30, 2012

Sandbar in Grand Canyon

Picture showing the size of the sandbar before the November 2012 controlled flood from the Glen Canyon Dam. This location is 65 miles downstream from Lees Ferry and the view is looking downstream. These and additional photographs depicting the results of the recent controlled floods can be viewed online.

 

September 30, 2012

USGS Fun

Working at the USGS can be fun. These student employees were given wonderful opportunities and made lasting friendships while working at the USGS.

September 12, 2012

Continuous Slope Area Method: Sycamore Creek, AZ

A video depicting the installation & operation of Continuous Slope Area gage and radar sensor, installed after the Sunflower Wild Fire on Sycamore Creek to measure streamflow from the Sunflower burned area. The streamflow data is used to provide flood warning to communities affected by runoff from the burned areas and for collecting streamflow data from areas that have

July 5, 2012

2012 Whitewater-Baldy Fire

USGS installed six early-flood-warning units—rain and stream gages—in the burned areas resulting from New Mexico's 2012 Whitewater-Baldy Fire. The gages transmit data via satellite to provide warnings to communities that may be affected by flooding.

Filter Total Items: 201
USGS
November 15, 2010

FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. — The U.S. Geological Survey has named Kate Kitchell the director of its Southwest Biological Science Center. Kitchell, who served as the acting center director for the previous 16 months, assumed the role permanently November 6, 2010. 

USGS
October 15, 2010

TEMPE, Ariz. — Climate change and growing human demands for water are leaving an indelible mark on rivers and streams, shortening food chains and eliminating some top predators like large-bodied fish, according to a new study led by Arizona State University and co-authored by a U.S. Geological Survey scientist.

USGS
February 18, 2010

Flagstaff, Ariz. — As part of the Department of the Interior’s evaluation of whether to segregate nearly 1 million acres of federal lands near the Grand Canyon from new uranium claims, the United States Geological Survey today released a report on uranium resources and uranium mining impacts in the area.

USGS
February 2, 2010

Flagstaff, Ariz. —Resources along the Colorado River in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area and Grand Canyon National Park generally benefited from a high-flow experiment conducted in March 2008 from Glen Canyon Dam, near Page, Ariz., according to research findings released today by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 4, 2009

Greater sage-grouse populations have declined substantially in many areas in the West, though populations in some locations remain relatively stable, according to a comprehensive publication written by federal, state, and non-governmental organizations. The population assessment is one of numerous sage-grouse topics covered in the 24 chapters released today.

USGS science for a changing world logo
September 14, 2009

Intersex in smallmouth and largemouth basses is widespread in numerous river basins throughout the United States is the major finding of the most comprehensive and large-scale evaluation of the condition, according to U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) research published online in Aquatic Toxicology.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 10, 2009

A report on long-term glacier measurements released today by Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar shows that glaciers are dramatically changing in mass, length and thickness as a result of climate change.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 20, 2009

U.S. Geological Survey scientists and cartographers played an important but relatively unknown role during the Apollo 11 moon landing 40 years ago this week. USGS astrogeologists trained the Apollo astronauts in the science and strategy of field geology.

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 18, 2009

Critical science support for NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), launched today from Cape Canaveral, Florida, will help pave the way for further human and robotic exploration of the Moon. U.S. Geological Survey scientists are providing unique knowledge and skills as members of the science teams operating instruments on LRO.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 20, 2009

The U.S. Geological Survey will conduct scientific overflights at Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, during Memorial Day weekend to document the status of natural and cultural resources along the Colorado River below Glen Canyon Dam. Aerial photographs will be taken using two fixed-wing aircraft flying at an elevation about 7,000 feet above ground level.

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 27, 2009

Adult endangered humpback chub (Gila cypha) in Grand Canyon, Arizona, increased by about 50 percent between 2001 and 2008, according to analysis recently conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey. The upward trend reverses population declines from 1989 to 2001. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
April 24, 2009

U.S. Geological Survey scientists will brief reporters by phone at 3:00 pm Eastern Daylight Time/12:00 pm Mountain Standard Time. Monday, April 27, on the latest population numbers for the humpback chub (Gila cypha) in Grand Canyon, Arizona.