Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Map of steepest descent paths in area of eruptive fissures, Kīlauea...
May 5, 2018

Locations of eruptive fissures in the order that they occurred in the Leilani Estates Subdivision

Satellite image of eruptive fissures and area covered with lava, Le...
May 5, 2018

Eruptive fissures and areas covered by lava in the Leilani Estates subdivision

Ongoing intrusion and earthquake activity map Kīlauea's East Rift Zone, https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea
May 4, 2018

Locations, mapped by USGS-HVO scientists, of the three eruptive fissures in the order that they occurred in the Leilani Estates Subdivision

Map of ongoing intrusion and earthquake activity along Kīlauea's Ea...
May 2, 2018

Ongoing intrusion and earthquake activity along Kīlauea's East Rift Zone

April 30th, 2018, Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō crack...
May 1, 2018

Recent changes to Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow field and Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō cone.

Halema‘uma‘u Overflow Map...
April 28, 2018

Recent Lava Lake overflows within Kīlauea's Halemaʻumaʻu crater.

Map of Flow Field...
April 13, 2018

Recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Satellite image shows location of breakouts on flow field...
April 12, 2018

Image shows that breakouts continue in several areas on the flow field.

Map of Flow Field...
March 22, 2018

Recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of Flow Field...
February 27, 2018

Recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of Flow Field...
February 23, 2018

Recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of Flow Field...
February 1, 2018

Recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field

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Wind turbines and trees against sky at sunset.
December 31, 2018

Windmills at sunset, Oʻahu

Turbines at a wind energy site on Oʻahu, Hawaiʻi.

 Department of Interior UAS pilots
December 31, 2018

UAS pilots at Kilauea

Department of Interior UAS pilots from left to right – Elizabeth Pendleton (USGS, Woods Hole, MA), Colin Milone (Office of Aviation Services, AK), John Vogel (USGS; Flagstaff, AZ), Sandy Brosnahan (USGS, Woods Hole, MA), Brandon Forbes (USGS; Tucson, AZ), Chris Holmquist-Johnson (USGS; Fort Collins, CO), Hannah Dietterich (USGS; Anchorage, AK), and Emily Sturdivant (USGS,

...
View from the sky of a massive lava flow with glowing lava and smoke coming from a fissure in the earth.
December 31, 2018

Fissure 8 cone and 8-mile lava flow

An aerial view, collected from a USGS UAS, of Hawai‛i’s fissure 8 cone, and the start of the 8-mile lava flow to reach the ocean entry point.

December 31, 2018

Hovering Above—UAS’ Role in the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano Eruption Response

The 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption marked the first time the federal government used Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) to assist in an eruption response in the United States. The UAS were used to survey areas otherwise inaccessible or too hazardous for field crews or manned aircraft, collect multiple types of data, and provide 24/7 real-time situational awareness at Kīlauea

December 31, 2018

Hovering Above—UAS’ Role in the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano Eruption (AD)

The 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption marked the first time the federal government used Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) to assist in an eruption response in the United States. The UAS were used to survey areas otherwise inaccessible or too hazardous for field crews or manned aircraft, collect multiple types of data, and provide 24/7 real-time situational awareness at Kīlauea

progression of the magmatic intrusion from Kīlauea
December 31, 2018

progression of the magmatic intrusion from Kīlauea

Earthquakes (red dots) track the progression of the magmatic intrusion from Kīlauea Volcano's middle East Rift Zone to the lower East Rift Zone between April 30 and May 3, 2018. Orange triangles show the locations of fissure 1 (right), which erupted on May 3, and Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō (left). The earthquakes shown here are well-located with magnitudes less than 3.5 and depths

...
November 29, 2018

Impact of Future Climate and Non-Natives on HI's Aquatic Ecosystems

A warming climate will have fundamental impacts on freshwater, a critical driver of tropical island ecosystems. Declining baseflows are of particular concern as they threaten to interrupt the link between the freshwater habitats of adult migratory fish and the marine environments where their larvae grow and disperse, especially where habitat availability is already limited

November 7, 2018

3D model of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō's crater

This 3D model of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō's crater was created from thermal images during an overflight of the cone. The deepest portion of the crater is about 320 meters (1050 feet) below the crater floor that existed prior to April 30.

November 6, 2018

3D model of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō's crater was created from thermal images

This 3D model of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō's crater was created from thermal images during an overflight of the cone. The deepest portion of the crater is about 320 meters (1050 feet) below the crater floor that existed prior to April 30.

panoramic view, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park's Crater Rim Drive
October 16, 2018

panoramic view, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park's Crater Rim Drive

In this panoramic view, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park's Crater Rim Drive (left foreground) disappears into the enormous void created by the collapse of Halema‘uma‘u and portions of the Kīlauea caldera floor during the dramatic events at the summit of the volcano in May-August 2018.

September 11, 2018

Kīlauea Summit

The Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) team completed its mission at Kīlauea Volcano's summit, mapping changes within the caldera. Since August 4, 2018, the number of earthquakes at the summit have decreased and the rate of subsidence has stabilized. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rates at the summit is less than 200 tonnes/day, which is lower than at any time since

September 5, 2018

Close Up of Cone Forming - Kīlauea Lower East Rift Zone

A closer view of the small cone forming on the floor of crater within fissure 8 today (Sept. 5). By this morning, bits of molten lava emitted from the cone every few seconds had built it up to an estimated height of around 3-4 m (about 10-13 ft).

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USGS
October 9, 2018

Data Release: Volcanic ash leachate and rainwater chemistry from increased 2018 activity of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi

Volcano Craters
October 4, 2018

My 37-year stint with the U.S. Geological Survey—16 years at the Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO) and 21 at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)—ends this month.

a tiltmeter is ready for installation
September 27, 2018

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) uses a diverse set of instruments to monitor active volcanoes in Hawaii. These include seismometers, gas sensors, Global Positioning System (GPS) stations, and webcams. Each provides a unique type of data critical to understanding volcanic systems.

thumbnail image of Preliminary summary of Kīlauea Volcano’s 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse
September 27, 2018

Overview of Kīlauea Volcano's activity from April 30 through September 22, 2018.

Thinly bedded Kīlauea explosion deposits
September 20, 2018

The limited collapse of the inner part of Kīlauea Volcano's caldera this summer fell well short of the larger summit-wide collapses that occurred in the past. How many such limited collapses can we recognize at Kīlauea before written records were kept? The answer is none.

seismologists install a nodal geophone on Kīlauea's lower East Rift Zone
September 13, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse provided a rare opportunity to study dynamic eruptive processes beneath and at the surface of the volcano.

lava is rapidly advancing through communities
September 6, 2018

In 1902, Thomas A. Jaggar, a geologist and founder of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), visited the scene of one of the most deadly volcanic disasters in modern history: Mount Pelee on the Caribbean Island of Martinique.

geophysicist downloads data at a temporary GPS station
August 30, 2018

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) has an extensive network of instruments that helps us monitor how the ground deforms due to magma moving underground. However, we are fortunate that scientific colleagues also pitched in to support our responses to Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption and summit collapse.

Before and after views of a water fall.  First shows light flow of water over the falls, the second shows heavy flow.
August 24, 2018

Editor’s note: This article will be updated online with more information on the USGS response to Hurricane Lane as it becomes available.

50,000 tons of sulfur dioxide gas per day
August 23, 2018

Many Island of Hawai‘i residents are familiar with the volcanic air pollution known as "vog." The main culprit in the formation of vog is sulfur dioxide gas (SO2) released from Kīlauea's eruptions (see vog.ivhhn.org/what-vog for more information).

Nighttime scene from shipboard of lava entering the Pacific Ocean
August 16, 2018

The visible part of Kīlauea from the summit to the Lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) makes up only a small portion of the total volcano. Much of Kīlauea lies beneath the sea, including the Puna ridge to the east, and the south flank extending offshore beyond the southern coastline.

visibly active lava on Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone
August 9, 2018

Since the morning of August 4, 2018, activity at Kīlauea Volcano's summit and its lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) has diminished dramatically—and the slowdown continues.