Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

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Map showing flow field changes...
June 19, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map showing flow field changes...
June 4, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Small-scale map of flow field...
June 4, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. 

Satellite image shows June 27th lava flow...
May 30, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Saturday, May 30, by the Advanced Land Imager instrument onboard NASA's Earth Observing 1 satellite.

Map showing flow field changes...
May 21, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Landsat satellite image shows June 27th lava flow...
May 6, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Wednesday, May 6, 2015 by the Landsat 8 satellite. 

Map showing flow field changes...
April 25, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Landsat satellite image shows June 27th flow...
April 20, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Monday, April 20, 2015 by the Landsat 8 satellite. 

Map showing flow field changes...
April 9, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map show flow field with thermal overlays...
April 3, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the three areas of breakouts near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on April 3.

Map showing flow field changes...
April 3, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map showing flow field changes...
April 1, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

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Fissure eruption
July 7, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Fissure 8

View of Fissure 8 and channel during the morning overflight on July 7.

July 7, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Timelapse Changes at Caldera (6/13 - 7/7)

This series of images from June 13 through July 7, 2018, show dramatic down-dropping of part of Kīlauea Volcano's summit caldera floor. For weeks,

Camera looking over a summit
July 7, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — SO2 Camera

For several years, a special ultraviolet camera has been located near Keanakākoʻi Crater at Kīlauea's summit. The camera was capable of detecting SO2 gas coming from Halema‘uma‘u crater. This morning, the camera was removed because there is very little SO2 to measure these days at the summit. In addition, cracking near Keanakākoʻi Crater was making access difficult.

Satellite image over crater
July 6, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Satellite View of Kīlauea Summit

The WorldView-3 satellite acquired this view of Kīlauea's summit on July 3. Despite a few clouds, the area of heaviest fractures in the caldera is clear. Views into the expanding Halema‘uma‘u crater reveal a pit floored by rubble. HVO, on the northwest caldera rim, is labeled.

Lava entering the ocean
July 6, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Kapoho Bay

Ocean entry in Kapoho as viewed from morning helicopter overflight.

Aerial photo over Kapoho area showing lava entering ocean and passing residential areas
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Aerial of Kapoho Area

Aerial view of the lava channel and active margins between Kapoho Crater (upper right) and the coast (lower left). The northern margin of the flow field is advancing at several points in the area of Kapoho Ag and Beach Lots (vegetated areas in center of image). Image courtesy of Hawaii County Fire Department.

Lave entering the ocean with laze plumes rising
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Ocean Entry at Kapoho

Having crusted over about 0.8 km (0.5 mi) upchannel from the ocean entry, lava oozes from the flow's

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Dust rising from inside a crater after a rock collapse
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Dust from Summit Explosion

Rocks generate brown dust as they tumble down the western caldera wall during the collapse explosion event on July 5, 2018.

Dust rising from a crater after a rock collapse
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Collapse and Dust Rising at Halema`uma`u Crater

At 1:20 PM HST on July 5, a collapse explosion event occurred at Kīlauea's summit. The energy released by the event was equivalent to a M5.2 earthquake. The shaking

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A small lavafall in the middle of a lava flow.
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lavafall Near Kapoho Crater

Near the Kapoho Crater, in the area called Four Corners, the lava channel makes a 90-degree bend. After lava exits the bend, it makes a short drop to form a lavafall. A side channel makes a short surface diversion before rejoining the existing channel.

Levees created from cooled lava
July 5, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lava Levees

Lava, from small overflows, cools and congeals along the banks of the lava channel to build lava levees. The levees also build up as moving lava pushes cooled 

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April 1868 Mauna Loa eruption can be seen in this aerial photo
April 5, 2018

Already reeling from a destructive earthquake and deadly tsunami and mud flow on April 2, 1868, Ka‘ū residents on the Island of Hawai‘i hoped for a reprieve, but it was slow to come.

Tsunami Awareness Hawai‘i...
April 2, 2018

Throughout the month, Federal, State, and Local government agencies, the Pacific Tsunami Museum, and other organizations will offer outreach events to increase awareness of Hawaii's tsunami hazards.

Degraded coral reefs at Kahekili Beach Park, west Maui, Hawai‘i.
March 30, 2018

According to a study by USGS scientists, polluted, low-pH groundwater discharging onto a shallow coral reef off Kahekili Beach Park in west Maui, Hawai‘i, further increases seawater acidity and exposes corals to nitrate concentrations 50 times higher than normal.

Corallimorph infestation on coral reef 2
March 29, 2018

Honolulu, Hawaii – Control efforts such as the removal of shipwrecks and application of chlorine may help mitigate the damaging effects of corallimorph, which is a type of invasive anemone, on valuable coral reefs in the Central Pacific Ocean, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study.

Destruction caused by the 1868 great Kau earthquake
March 29, 2018

This week marks 150 years since the largest earthquake to strike Hawaii in the last two centuries. Estimated to have been at least magnitude-7.9, this earthquake struck near Pāhala in the Ka‘ū District of the Island of Hawai‘i on April 2, 1868.

Matt Patrick on Kīlauea
March 27, 2018

For the 10th anniversary of Kīlauea Volcano's summit eruption, USGS–Hawaiian Volcano Observatory research geologist Matt Patrick talks about his work monitoring the lava lake in the Halema'uma'u Crater.

Volcano Art at Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park—A Science Perspectiv...
March 26, 2018

In this new USGS Open-File Report, artwork is matched with the approximate date and volcanological context of the scene, showing eruptions at Kīlauea and Mauna Loa in the late 19th century.

prototype radar on the rim of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea
March 22, 2018

A recent issue of Volcano Watch [https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/hvo/hvo_volcano_watch.html?vwid=1232] looked at what the level of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u can tell us about how Kīlauea works and the hazards it poses.

Double rainbow ends in Moku‘āweoweo...
March 16, 2018

On March 14, HVO's webcam [MLcam] captured this image of a double rainbow.

Halema‘uma‘u at dusk...
March 15, 2018

A little more than ten years ago, conditions around Kīlauea Volcano's summit were much different than today. The caldera floor was open to the public, and the air above it was normally clear. Halema‘uma‘u was an impressive sight, but peacefully in repose.

cover of publication
March 13, 2018

This study implements the first continuous, real-time operational routine for tracking lava lake surface motion, applying the technique to the persistent lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano.

vigorous lava fountains erupted on the floor of Halema‘uma‘u
March 8, 2018

To set the stage for next week's Volcano Watch about the upcoming anniversary of Kīlauea Volcano's current summit eruption, this week we revisit the history of past Halema‘uma‘u eruptions. We do so by reprising parts of a Volcano Watch article written in December 2008, soon after the ongoing Halema‘uma‘u lava lake reached a milestone as Kīlauea's longest summit eruption since 1924.