Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

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Filter Total Items: 66
USGS
Date Published: March 2, 2016

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)

HVO operates monitoring networks, assesses hazards, and issues notifications of volcanic activity and earthquakes in the State of Hawai‘i. HVO scientists conduct fundamental research on volcanic processes and work to educate the communities at risk. HVO is located in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park on the Island of Hawaii.

Image: Waterfall, Maui, Hawaii
Date Published: November 17, 2015
Status: Active

Webinar: Turning Ecological Stream Classifications into Actionable Science

View this webinar to learn about stream classification efforts in Hawai'i.

Contacts: Ralph Tingley
Sea Urchin (Tripneustes gratilla) in Coastal Waters of Hawaii
Date Published: September 10, 2014
Status: Completed

Sea Urchin Mortality in the Hawaiian Islands

Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), University of Hawaii, the State of Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources, and The Nature Conservancy are investigating unusual mortality of collector urchins (Tripneustes gratilla) that has been ongoing since February 2014. As grazers, urchins play a critical role in preventing overgrowth of algae on tropical coral reefs. Awareness of...

Contacts: Thierry M Work
Thumbnail of a poster which is laid out with photos, images, and text.
Date Published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Mud Damages Hawaiian Coral Reefs

Information about the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center's research from 2000-2004, on how mud damages hawaiian coral reefs.

Thumbnail of a poster which is laid out with photos, images, and text.
Date Published: January 1, 2004
Status: Completed

Island-hopping Coral Larvae in Hawaii

Information about the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center's 2003 study on island-hopping coral larvae in Hawaii.

Contacts: Curt Storlazzi
Thumbnail of a poster which is laid out with photos, images, and text.
Date Published: January 1, 2001
Status: Completed

Giant Hawaiian Underwater Landslides

Information about the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center's studies of giant underwater landslides in 1986 and 1988.

Filter Total Items: 297
Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 16, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Saturday, June 16.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 15, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, June 15, 2018

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 14, 2018

Map as of 11:00 a.m. HST, June 14, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 14, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Thursday June 14

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 13, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, June 13, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 12, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 12:30 pm on Tuesday, June 5

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 11, 2018

Map as of 3:00 p.m. HST, June 11, 2018

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 10, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. (noon) HST, June 10, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 10, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6:45 am on Sunday, June 10

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 9, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 5:30 pm on Saturday, June 9

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 9, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, June 9, 2018

Thermal map of Fissure 8 lava flow at coast
June 8, 2018

This thermal map shows the Fissure 8 lava flow along the coast, as of 12:30 pm on Friday, June 8

Filter Total Items: 109
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Effects of the H-3 Highway Stormwater Runoff on the Water Quality of Halawa Stream, Oahu, Hawaii, November 1998 to August 2004

Since November 1998, water-quality data have been collected from the H-3 Highway Storm Drain C, which collects runoff from a 4-mi-long viaduct, and from Halawa Stream on Oahu, Hawaii. From January 2001 to August 2004, data were collected from the storm drain and four stream sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin as part of the State of Hawaii...

Wolff, Reuben H.; Wong, Michael F.
Effects of the H-3 Highway Stormwater Runoff on the Water Quality of Halawa Stream, Oahu, Hawaii, November 1998 to August 2004; 2008; SIR; 2008-5034; Wolff, Reuben. H.; Wong, Michael F.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Variations in Community Exposure and Sensitivity to Tsunami Hazards in the State of Hawai'i

Hawai`i has experienced numerous destructive tsunamis and the potential for future events threatens the safety and economic well being of its coastal communities. Although tsunami-evacuation zones have been delineated, what is in these areas and how communities have chosen to develop within them has not been documented. A community-level...

Wood, Nathan; Church, Alyssia; Frazier, Tim; Yarnal, Brent
Variations in Community Exposure and Sensitivity to Tsunami Hazards in the State of Hawai'i; 2007; SIR; 2007-5208; Wood, Nathan; Church, Alyssia; Frazier, Tim; Yarnal, Brent

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Effects of Agricultural Land-Use Changes and Rainfall on Ground-Water Recharge in Central and West Maui, Hawai`i, 1926-2004

Concern surrounding declines in ground-water levels and an increase in the chloride concentration of water pumped from wells in the Iao aquifer system on the Island of Maui has prompted an investigation into the long-term sustainability of current (2006) and future ground-water withdrawals. As part of this investigation, a water budget for central...

Engott, John A.; Vana, Thomas T.
Effects of Agricultural Land-Use Changes and Rainfall on Ground-Water Recharge in Central and West Maui, Hawai`i, 1926-2004; 2007; SIR; 2007-5103; Engott, John A.; Vana, Thomas T.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Effects of Ground-Water Withdrawal on Kaunakakai Stream Environmental Restoration Plan, Moloka`i, Hawai`i

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, in cooperation with the County of Maui Department of Public Works and Environmental Management, has proposed to construct 2.75 acres of shallow ponds and mudflats near the mouth of Kaunakakai Stream, Moloka`i, Hawai`i to restore habitat for the endangered native Hawaiian Stilt. Kaunakakai Stream is ephemeral...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Effects of Ground-Water Withdrawal on Kaunakakai Stream Environmental Restoration Plan, Moloka`i, Hawai`i; 2007; SIR; 2007-5128; Oki, Delwyn S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2006 to June 30, 2007

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. This program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream. For this program, rainfall data were collected at two stations, continuous streamflow data at three stations...

Young, Stacie T.M.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2006 to June 30, 2007; 2007; OFR; 2007-1213; Young, Stacie T. M.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Natural and Diverted Low-Flow Duration Discharges for Streams Affected by the Waiahole Ditch System, Windward O`ahu, Hawai`i

For nearly a century, the Waiahole Ditch System has diverted an average of approximately 27 million gallons per day of water from the wet, northeastern part of windward O`ahu, Hawai`i, to the dry, central part of the island to meet irrigation needs. The system intercepts large amounts of dike-impounded ground water at high altitudes (above...

Yeung, Chiu W.; Fontaine, Richard A.
Natural and Diverted Low-Flow Duration Discharges for Streams Affected by the Waiahole Ditch System, Windward O`ahu, Hawai`i; 2007; SIR; 2006-5285; Yeung, Chiu W.; Fontaine, Richard A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Water Use in Wetland Kalo Cultivation in Hawai`i

Ten cultivation areas (8 windward, 2 leeward) were selected for a kalo water-use study, primarily on the basis of the diversity of environmental and agricultural conditions under which wetland kalo is grown and landowner permission and availability. Flow and water-temperature data were collected at the lo`i complex level and at the individual lo`i...

Gingerich, Stephen B.; Yeung, Chiu W.; Ibarra, Tracy-Joy N.; Engott, John A.
Water Use in Wetland Kalo Cultivation in Hawai`i; 2007; OFR; 2007-1157; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Yeung, Chiu W.; Ibarra, Tracy-Joy N.; Engott, John A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2007

Ground-Water Nutrient Flux to Coastal Waters and Numerical Simulation of Wastewater Injection at Kihei, Maui, Hawaii

Water sampling and numerical modeling were used to estimate ground-water nutrient fluxes in the Kihei area of Maui, where growth of macroalgae (seaweed) on coral reefs raises ecologic concerns and accumulation on beaches has caused odor and removal problems. Fluxes and model results are highly approximate, first-order estimates because very few...

Hunt, Charles D.
Ground-Water Nutrient Flux to Coastal Waters and Numerical Simulation of Wastewater Injection at Kihei, Maui, Hawaii; 2007; SIR; 2006-5283; Hunt, Charles D., Jr.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2006

Water Resources Data: Hawaii and Other Pacific Areas, Water Year 2005. Volume 1. Hawaii

Water resources data for the 2005 water year for Hawaii consist of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams and springs; water levels and quality of water wells; and rainfall totals. * Water discharge for 59 gaging stations on streams, springs, and ditches. * Water-quality data for 6 streams. * Water levels for 80 observation...

Fontaine, Richard A.
Water Resources Data: Hawaii and Other Pacific Areas, Water Year 2005. Volume 1. Hawaii; 2006; WDR; HI-05-1; Fontaine, Richard A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2006

Effects of Surface-Water Diversion and Ground-Water Withdrawal on Streamflow and Habitat, Punaluu Stream, Oahu, Hawaii

The surface- and ground-water resources of the Punaluu area of northeast Oahu, Hawaii, have been and continue to be important for cultural, domestic, agricultural, recreational, and aesthetic purposes. Punaluu Stream flows perennially because rain falls frequently in the area and ground water discharges to the stream. Flow in Punaluu Stream is...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Wolff, Reuben H.; Perreault, Jeff A.
Effects of Surface-Water Diversion and Ground-Water Withdrawal on Streamflow and Habitat, Punaluu Stream, Oahu, Hawaii; 2006; SIR; 2006-5153; Oki, Delwyn S.; Wolff, Reuben H.; Perreault, Jeff A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2006

Numerical Simulation of the Hydrologic Effects of Redistributed and Additional Ground-Water Withdrawal, Island of Molokai, Hawaii

Because of increased demand for water associated with a growing population, projected increases in demand over the next few decades, and rising salinity of the water pumped from some existing wells, the County of Maui Department of Water Supply (DWS) is currently (2006) considering drilling additional wells to replace or supplement existing wells...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Numerical Simulation of the Hydrologic Effects of Redistributed and Additional Ground-Water Withdrawal, Island of Molokai, Hawaii; 2006; SIR; 2006-5177; Oki, Delwyn S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2006

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. This program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream. For this program, rainfall data were collected at two stations, continuous discharge data at one station,...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.; Young-Smith, Stacie T. M.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006; 2006; OFR; 2006-1223; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.; Young-Smith, Stacie T. M.

Filter Total Items: 1,605
July 10, 2019

Routine overflight of Mauna Loa summit

This video shows Moku‘āweoweo, the caldera at the summit of Mauna Loa, during a routine overflight. The flight path goes from northeast to southwest, and begins at North Pit crater before crossing over the main caldera floor. In the southwest portion of the caldera floor, the 1940 and 1949 cones can be seen. The video ends as the helicopter flies over South Pit, at the

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Interferogram for the period from April 6 to June 2, 2019
June 2, 2019

Interferogram for the period from April 6 to June 2, 2019

COSMO-SkyMed (CSK) Interferogram for the period from April 6 to June 2, 2019, covering Kīlauea Volcano’s summit region. Each color fringe represents 1.65 centimeters (0.65 inches) of ground displacement. The closely spaced color bands, or fringes, within the caldera indicate localized inflation, while the broader fringes on the northwest side of the caldera indicate a

...
Kīlauea that will be covered by a helicopter lidar survey in June 2019
May 28, 2019

Kīlauea that will be covered by a helicopter lidar survey in June 2019

Areas on Kīlauea that will be covered by a helicopter lidar survey in June 2019. Red lines enclose areas over which the survey helicopter will fly at 396 m (1,300 ft) above ground level. Green lines enclose areas over which the helicopter will fly at 151 m (500 ft) above ground level.

bright yellow Hughes 500 helicopter
May 20, 2019

bright yellow Hughes 500 helicopter

During the lidar survey, equipment will be mounted on a bright yellow Hughes 500 helicopter like the one shown here. The helicopter will fly in a northeast or southwest direction over the survey areas depicted on the map.

field crews of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
May 1, 2019

field crews of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

Kīlauea Volcano’s 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption was monitored around the clock by field crews of Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and other USGS scientists for three months, starting with the first fissure that erupted in Leilani Estates on May 3, 2018. Clockwise from upper left, USGS-HVO scientists walked along Leilani Avenue on May 6 to examine spatter erupted from

...
April 29, 2019

Timelapse sequence shows a typical day at Mauna Loa's summit

This timelapse sequence of webcam images over a 24-hour period shows a typical day at the summit of Mauna Loa. The webcam (MLcam) is located on the northeast rim of Moku‘āweoweo, Mauna Loa's summit caldera. This sequence begins in the dark, with the moon rising (white dot at left in images), then brightens as the sun rises. Clear skies in the morning shift to cloudy

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floor of Mauna Loa caldera floor with blue sky in the background
April 24, 2019

Mauna Loa caldera

HVO staff visited the summit of Mauna Loa on foot to repair the webcam on April 24. The weather was perfectly clear and views of the caldera floor showed nothing unusual.

HVO geologist walks along the Mauna Loa summit trail
April 24, 2019

HVO geologist walks along the Mauna Loa summit trail

An HVO geologist walks along the Mauna Loa summit trail, with Mauna Kea visible in the distant background.

HVO scientists measure a GPS instrument
April 12, 2019

HVO scientists measure a GPS instrument

HVO scientists measure a GPS instrument to ensure its stability during a multi-day deployment in the Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. In recent weeks, HVO has been working to complete a GPS campaign on Mauna Loa, which involves temporary deployments of high-precision GPS receivers to collect data that will help refine models of the volcano's inflation.

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HVO scientists inspect a seismic station on Mauna Loa
April 12, 2019

HVO scientists inspect a seismic station on Mauna Loa

HVO scientists inspect a seismic station on Mauna Loa to evaluate for a possible equipment upgrade in the near future.

high-precision GPS unit
April 11, 2019

high-precision GPS unit

A high-precision GPS unit (on white "T" in foreground) records its position at a ground control point along Pohoiki Road. This marker was painted in July 2018 and is visible in numerous aerial photographs taken by USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geologists throughout Kīlauea's lower East Rift Zone eruption last summer. GPS data are recorded over a period of four minutes

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April 8, 2019

Overflight of Kīlauea Caldera

This wide-angle video shows the southwest portion of Kīlauea caldera in the area of Halema‘uma‘u. Faint plumes of volcanic gas are rising from yellow fumaroles on the walls of the deep conical pit. Overall, no significant changes were observed at the summit on today's overflight.

Filter Total Items: 1,747
USGS
February 22, 2019

Information about how to stay informed about Hawaiian volcanoes.

USGS
February 22, 2019

A temporary monitoring camera on the west rim of Kīlauea caldera now provides views looking east toward the bottom of the recently enlarged Halema‘uma‘u.

test flight of an unmanned aerial system
February 21, 2019

With the end of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption, the Island of Hawai‘i was able, at long last, to say goodbye to strong vog—volcanic smog produced by voluminous sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions.

USGS
February 19, 2019

January 2019 is Hawaiʻi Island's 10th annual Volcano Awareness Month.

Hawaii that extend offshore
February 14, 2019

Earthquakes in Hawaii are intimately related to the volcanoes. In addition to helping scientists track moving magma, sometimes they happen simply because the earth under the island chain gets bent out of shape.

Fissure 8 reactivated on the afternoon of May 28 and at times, was ...
February 7, 2019

The 2018 lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption of Kīlauea brought an end to the 35+ year eruption at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō. With the draining of the summit and the collapse of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō, Puna residents were concerned that the eruption in the LERZ could be long-lived.

helicopter overflight
January 31, 2019

One of the most frequent questions asked of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists the last several months has been, “Is the lower East Rift eruption over?” But the same question could – and should – be asked of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption.

USGS
January 18, 2019

Due to the lapse in appropriations, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists are unable to present public lectures as planned.

USGS
January 6, 2019

Due to the lapse in appropriations, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists are unable to present lectures as planned. 

USGS
December 21, 2018

During the current federal government shutdown, the Volcano Hazard Program and all five U.S. Volcano Observatories will continue to issue updates, warnings, and notifications through the usual channels, including websites, email, and social media. 

midwinter dawn at Halema‘uma‘u
December 20, 2018

The field day begins with a summit weather check at first light. It is a reflective moment at 6:15 AM atop Kīlauea Volcano, and the fumarole cracks are steaming like the coffee from my thermos. The weather at Halema‘uma‘u crater is cool and dry, with light trade winds from the northeast. We hope for these mornings.

Kīlauea Volcano’s 2018 summit collapse
December 13, 2018

January 2019 marks the 10th annual “Volcano Awareness Month” on the Island of Hawai‘i.