Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 367
Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 11, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 11, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 10, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 10.

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 10, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 10, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 9, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 2 pm on Monday, July 9

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 9, 2018

Map as of 2:00 p.m. HST, July 9, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 8, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Sunday, July 8.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 6, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Friday, July 6.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 6, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 6, 2018

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 2, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 2, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 2, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Monday, July 2

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
June 30, 2018

Map as of 3:00 p.m. HST, June 30, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
June 29, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Friday, June 29

Filter Total Items: 118
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2003

Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998

A hierarchical land-use classification system for Hawaii was developed, and land use on the island of Oahu was mapped. The land-use classification system emphasizes agriculture, developed (urban), and barren/mining uses. Areas with other land uses (conservation, forest reserve, natural areas, wetlands, water, and barren [sand, rock, or soil]...

Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.
Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998; 2003; WRI; 2002-4301; Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.

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Year Published: 2003

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. This program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream. For this program, rainfall data was collected at two sites, continuous streamflow data at three sites, and...

Young, Stacie T.M.; Ball, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003; 2003; OFR; 2003-331; Young, Stacie T. M.; Ball, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2003

Surface Water in Hawaii

Surface water in Hawaii is a valued resource as well as a potential threat to human lives and property. The surface-water resources of Hawaii are of significant economic, ecologic, cultural, and aesthetic importance. Streams supply more than 50 percent of the irrigation water in Hawaii, and although streams supply only a few percent of the...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Surface Water in Hawaii; 2003; FS; 045-03; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002

The State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program was implemented on January 1, 2001. The program includes the collection of rainfall, streamflow, and water-quality data at selected sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin. Rainfall data were collected at two sites, and streamflow data were collected at 3 sites for...

Presley, Todd K.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002; 2002; OFR; 2002-319; Presley, Todd K.

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Year Published: 2002

Reassessment of ground-water recharge and simulated ground-water availability for the Hawi area of North Kohala, Hawaii

An estimate of ground-water availability in the Hawi area of north Kohala, Hawaii, is needed to determine whether ground-water resources are adequate to meet future demand within the area and other areas to the south. For the Hawi area, estimated average annual recharge from infiltration of rainfall, fog drip, and irrigation is 37.5 million...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Reassessment of Ground-Water Recharge and Simulated Ground-Water Availability for the Hawi Area of North Kohala, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2002-4006; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Streamflow and Erosion Response to Prolonged Intense Rainfall of November 1-2, 2000, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii

A combination of several meteorologic and topographic factors produced extreme rainfall over the eastern part of the island of Hawaii on November 1-2, 2000. Storm rainfall was concentrated in two distinct areas, the Waiakea and Kapapala areas, where maximum rainfall totals of 32.47 and 38.97 inches were recorded. Resultant flooding caused damages...

Fontaine, Richard A.; Hill, Barry R.
Streamflow and Erosion Response to Prolonged Intense Rainfall of November 1-2, 2000, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2002-4117; Fontaine, Richard A.; Hill, Barry R.

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Year Published: 2002

Numerical Simulation of Ground-Water Withdrawals in the Southern Lihue Basin, Kauai, Hawaii

Numerical simulations indicate that ground-water withdrawals from the Hanamaulu and Puhi areas of the southern Lihue Basin will result in a decline in water levels and reductions in base flows of streams near proposed new water-supply wells. Most of the changes will be attained within 10 to 20 years of the start of pumping. Except for areas such...

Izuka, Scot K.; Oki, Delwyn S.
Numerical Simulation of Ground-Water Withdrawals in the Southern Lihue Basin, Kauai, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2001-4200; Izuka, Scot K.; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Whole-rock and glass major-element geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, near-vent eruptive products: September 1994 through September 2001

This report presents major-element geochemical data for glasses and whole-rock aliquots among 523 lava samples collected near the vent on Kilauea's east rift zone between September 1994 and October 2001. Information on sample collection, analysis techniques and analytical standard reproducibility are presented as a PDF file, which also includes a...

Thornber, Carl R.; Sherrod, David R.; Siems, David F.; Heliker, Christina C.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Oscarson, Robert L.; Kauahikaua, James P.
Whole-rock and glass major-element geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, near-vent eruptive products: September 1994 through September 2001; 2002; OFR; 2002-17; Thornber, Carl R.; Sherrod, David R.; Siems, David F.; Heliker, Christina C.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Oscarson, Robert L.; Kauahikaua, James P.

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Year Published: 2002

Streamflow and Suspended-Sediment Loads Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, North Halawa, Haiku, South Fork Kapunahala, and Kamooalii Drainage Basins, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99

A long-term study (1983?99) was conducted to determine the effects of the H-3 Highway construction on streamflow and suspended-sediment transport on Oahu, Hawaii. Data were collected at five streamflow-gaging stations before, during, and after construction and at two stream-gaging stations during and after construction. Drainage areas at the seven...

Wong, Michael F.; Yeatts, Daniel S.
Streamflow and Suspended-Sediment Loads Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, North Halawa, Haiku, South Fork Kapunahala, and Kamooalii Drainage Basins, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99; 2002; WRI; 2002-4005; Wong, Michael F.; Yeatts, Daniel S.

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Year Published: 2001

Surface water quality-assurance plan for the Hawaii District of the U. S. Geological Survey

This District Surface Water Quality-Assurance Plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the Hawaii District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of surface-water data.

Fontaine, R.A.
Surface water quality-assurance plan for the Hawaii District of the U. S. Geological Survey; 2001; OFR; 2001-75; Fontaine, R. A.

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Year Published: 2001

Drilling, Construction, Water-Level, and Water-Quality Information for the Kualapuu Deep Monitor Well, 4-0800-01, Molokai, Hawaii

A monitor well was completed in January 2001 by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Kualapuu area of central Molokai, Hawaii that allows for monitoring the thicknesses of the freshwater body and the upper part of the underlying freshwater-saltwater transition zone. The well was drilled in cooperation with the State Department of Hawaiian Home Lands...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Bauer, Glenn R.
Drilling, Construction, Water-Level, and Water-Quality Information for the Kualapuu Deep Monitor Well, 4-0800-01, Molokai, Hawaii; 2001; OFR; 2001-350; Oki, Delwyn S.; Bauer, Glenn R.

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Year Published: 2001

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001

The State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program was implemented on January 1, 2001. The program includes the collection of rainfall, streamflow, and water-quality data at selected sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin. Rainfall and streamflow data were collected from July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001. Few storms...

Presley, Todd K.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2000 to June 30, 2001; 2001; OFR; 2001-256; Presley, Todd K.

Filter Total Items: 2,120
On Friday, April 30, lava continued to erupt from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano
April 30, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake, Kīlauea summit eruption—April 30, 2021

On Friday, April 30, lava continued to erupt from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. Active surface lava (center of the photo) was limited to the center of the previously active lake surface, where the north (right) and south (left) sides have cooled and crusted over (appearing darker in the image). This photo was taken around 2 p.m. HST from

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The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, remains active
April 27, 2021

View of lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u—Kīlauea, April 27, 2021

The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, remains active, as seen in this view looking north. Active surface lava is limited to the western (left) portion of the lake between the main island and the western fissure complex. The active lava surface area has decreased in size over the past week, but remains perched approximately 3 meters (10 ft) higher

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On Monday, April 26, 2021, lava continued to flow from the western vent into the active lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u Crater
April 26, 2021

View of Halema‘uma‘u lava lake from the west, April 26, 2021

On Monday, April 26, 2021, lava continued to flow from the western vent (bottom left) into the active lava lake (center) in Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. The active lava lake surface continues to shrink as areas on the north (upper left) and south (center right) sides cool and solidify. This photograph was taken at 1:03 p.m. HST from the west rim of

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A close-up view of the west vent spatter cones and lava lake inlet in Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano
April 26, 2021

Close-up view of the west vent and inlet at Halema‘uma‘u

A close-up view of the west vent spatter cones (bottom left) and inlet where lava is entering the lava lake (center right) in Halema‘uma‘u Crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. A piece of crust, that solidified near the inlet, broke off and was being transported away from the inlet. This photograph was taken on April 26, 2021, at 1:51 p.m. HST from the west rim of

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April 26, 2021

EarthShots — Satellite Images of Environmental Change

The US Geological Survey's Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, or "EROS" archive’s data from the LandSat satellites which have been in operation from 1972 to the present day. EarthShots presents environmental changes using Landsat images. 
 

Color photograph of lava lake surface
April 23, 2021

April 22, 2021- Close-up view of Halema‘uma‘u lava lake crusting-over

This zoomed-in photo of the far southwest end of the active lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit was captured on Thursday, April 22, and it illustrates the process by which parts of the lava lake become inactive. This area, which had seen substantial lava circulation as recently as last week, now has a stagnant pāhoehoe crust that sits 2–3 m (7–10 ft) lower

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Color map of lava
April 23, 2021

April 23, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map

This map of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea shows 20 m (66 ft) contour lines (dark gray) that mark locations of equal elevation above sea level (asl). The map shows that the lava lake has filled 228 m (748 ft) of the crater, to an elevation of 745 m (2444 ft) asl since the eruption began on December 20, 2020. Contour lines highlighted in green, purple, and blue mark

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Color photograph of lava lake
April 22, 2021

April 22, 2021 — Kīlauea summit lava lake

On Thursday, April 22, HVO scientists observed the ongoing eruption at the Kīlauea summit from the south rim of Halema‘uma‘u. This photo shows the active western portion of the lava lake, which appears to be in the process of shrinking again, with its northeast (upper-right) and southwest (lower-left) ends crusting over substantially. For scale, the distance from the

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April 22, 2021

We are the Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program (AD)

We are the USGS Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program. Our mission is to provide science for sustainable stewardship of Earth’s precious resources. We conduct research, quantify resources, work to understand ecosystems, and develop tools to ensure our Nation has the best information to manage resources and prepare for

April 22, 2021

We are the Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program

We are the USGS Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program. Our mission is to provide science for sustainable stewardship of Earth’s precious resources. We conduct research, quantify resources, work to understand ecosystems, and develop tools to ensure our Nation has the best information to manage resources and prepare for

Color photograph of lava lake
April 21, 2021

April 20, 2021 — Kīlauea lava lake and island

A telephoto view of the northwestern point of the main island within Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea summit. A rockfall scar (center left) remains after a small collapse of the island was observed by field geologists around 12:43 p.m. HST on April 20, 2021. A sliver of the active lava lake surface is visible at the bottom of this photo. USGS photo taken from the west rim

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Color photograph of lava lake
April 21, 2021

April 21 - Halema‘uma‘u crater

A view of Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, Island of Hawai‘i, showing the active western fissure with rising fumes, the active western portion of the lava lake (lighter colored area in the middle of the photo), and the big island within the lava lake (right). Lava continues to enter the active lava lake and currently has an effusion rate of less than

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View of the Kīlauea summit lava lake from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater on April 7, 2021
April 8, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 8. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

April 1, 2021, spectrogram recorded at station WRM, located near Halemaʻumaʻu at Kīlauea’s summit.
April 8, 2021

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) uses dozens of seismometers to locate individual earthquakes and identify signals that are related to faulting and magma movement within our volcanoes.

Color photograph of lava lake
April 6, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 6. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of lava flow
April 5, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 5. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
April 3, 2021

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.3 earthquake located beneath Mauna Loa's south flank on Saturday, April 3, at 11:15 a.m., HST. This earthquake was preceded by a magnitude-3.9 at approximately the same location on 11:02 a.m., HST.

Color photograph of volcanic vent
April 2, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 225 m (738 ft) deep this morning, April 2. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of volcanic vent
April 1, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 224 m (735 ft) deep this morning, April 1. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Black and white photographs of lava lakes in crater
April 1, 2021

One of the most interesting aspects of the current activity in Halemaʻumaʻu is the occasional oozing of lava around the edges of the entire crater while the lava surface is rising. Has that phenomenon been reported before in any accounts of previous Kīlauea activity?  

Color photograph of lava
March 31, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 224 m (735 ft) deep this morning, March 31. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
March 30, 2021

A swarm of earthquakes, that began on March 29, 2021, at 2:30 a.m. HST is occurring beneath the northwest flank of Mauna Loa. Mauna Loa is not erupting and other monitoring data streams currently show no signs of increased activity within the past day.

Color photograph of lava lake
March 29, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Morning light illuminates the active west vent spatter cones from the ongoing Halema‘uma‘u eruption at Kīlauea summit
March 26, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.