Unified Interior Regions


The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Map of flow field...
April 10, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of flow field...
March 30, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map of flow field...
March 16, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Satellite image shows continued breakouts on flow field...
March 10, 2017

This satellite image was captured on Wednesday, March 8, by the NASA/USGS Landsat 8 satellite.

Map of flow field...
February 24, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map of flow field...
February 16, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow field.

The area of the active flow field as of January 12 is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the active flow as of Feb
February 16, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map of flow field...
January 12, 2017

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Kamokuna ocean entry map...
January 3, 2017

This map shows the coastline at the Kamokuna lava entry on Kīlauea Volcano, with labels denoting areas impacted by the large, progressive lava-delta collapse on December 31, 2016. 

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Map with thermal overlay showing active flows...
December 30, 2015

This map overlays a georeferenced thermal image mosaic onto a map of the flow field near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō; to show the distribution of active and recently active breakouts.

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August 3, 2018

Pāhoehoe Breakout

This lava, erupted from fissure 8 on Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone, shows classic pāhoehoe behavior. Exposed to the air, the surface of the flow chills to form a thin crust that can be stretched or broken apart, forming pieces of crust that are "subducted" back into the molten interior. The main sound is wind noise, but crackles can also be heard as flakes of

Color photograph of caldera
August 3, 2018

Halema‘uma‘u, taken from the northeastern caldera rim

Early morning photo of Halema‘uma‘u, taken from the northeastern caldera rim. Inward slumping of the crater rim and walls continues. Ash deposits from previous explosions and collapse events

fissures were characterized by low eruption rates
July 29, 2018

fissures were characterized by low eruption rates

During the first two weeks of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption, fissures were characterized by low eruption rates and small flows. This was because the erupted lava originated from pockets of cooler, less fluid magma stored in the rift zone. Later fissures erupted hotter, more fluid magma, resulting in higher eruption rates and large, fast-moving lava

Assessing the Functional Equivalency of Hawaiian fishponds
July 29, 2018

Assessing the Functional Equivalency of Hawaiian fishponds

Hawaiian fishponds were important cultural and economic resources for native Hawaiians as they were an important component of a sophisticated, integrated food production system. However, changing demographics and systems of land ownership resulted in a decline in the use and upkeep of Hawaiian fishponds throughout the 19th century. The cultural value of Hawaiian fishponds

Color photograph of volcano summit
July 28, 2018

Kīlauea summit caldera 

This view across the summit caldera shows ground cracks (center) just north of Halema‘uma‘u. Rockfalls within the crater and along the caldera walls continue to stir up dust that can be seen here rising above the caldera rim.

Color photograph of lava entering ocean
July 27, 2018

South edge of the lava flow

The south edge of the lava flow showed no incandescence this morning and remained less than 0.1 miles from the Pohoiki boat ramp in Isaac Hale Park. The main ocean entry area was still in the Ahalanui area.

Feral pigs approach out of the forest, Hilo Hawaii.
July 27, 2018

Feral pigs approach the road next to a forested area in Hilo, Hawaii

A group of feral pigs leaves the forest and approaches the photographer at the side of the road. Many parts of Hilo and Hawaii Island are experiencing increased interaction with feral wildlife.

Color photograph of lava at night
July 26, 2018

Nighttime view of fissure 8 

Nighttime view of fissure 8 lava as it exits the vent and feeds into the channel.

July 24, 2018

Collapse at Kīlauea (July 24, 2018)

A collapse event occurred at the summit of Kīlauea this morning (July 24, 2018) at 6:41 a.m. HST, releasing energy equivalent to a magnitude-5.3 earthquake, which is similar to that released by previous collapse events. In this video, watch as today's event unfolds from the perspective of HVO's live-stream camera. At 6:41:08 (time stamp at upper left), a small tree along

July 21, 2018

Ocean Entry of Lava Near Ahalanui

During HVO's early morning helicopter overflight along the coastline, orange streams of lava were entering the ocean in the vicinity of Ahalanui. Strong trade winds were pushing the white laze plumes inland.

Color photograph of volcanic crater
July 15, 2018

The growing Halema‘uma‘u

View of growing Halema‘uma‘u from the southeast side of Kīlauea Crater.

July 14, 2018

July 14, 2018, Kīlauea fissure 8 video captured by UAS

In this July 14, 2018, video captured by the UAS (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) team, lava was erupting from within the 120-foot-high fissure 8 cinder cone built of chilled lava fragments. Lava emerging from the cone was traveling about 13-16 miles per hour, flowing freely over a small set of cascades (rapids) and into a perched channel that was as much as 50 feet above the

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image related to volcanoes. See description
July 11, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano's summit activity produces minor ash

 lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater about 3 weeks before magma began to withdraw from beneath the crater.
July 5, 2018

We are currently witnessing extraordinary events at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. For weeks the summit has subsided both in a continuous fashion and in incremental and jolting drops. As Kīlauea is being reshaped before our eyes, how does the current activity compare to similar collapses at other volcanoes in the world, or even to previous collapses at Kīlauea.

July 5, 2018

A guide for understanding current activity and hazards at and around the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, summarizing activity from late April through June 29, 2018, and possible future outcomes.

graphic of how a collapse/explosion event sequence
June 28, 2018

At the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, Halema‘uma‘u has changed dramatically since early May 2018. As the crater walls and inner caldera slump inward, the depth of Halema‘uma‘u has more than tripled and the diameter has more than doubled.

June 28, 2018

These FAQs will help answer some of the most commonly asked questions about the nature of Kīlauea's summit activity and the numerous earthquakes occurring in the area.

June 27, 2018

This "Cooperator Report to the U.S. Coast Guard" addresses hazards associated with the Kamokuna ocean entry, active July 2016—November 2017, on KILAUEA's south flank

Subsidence of caldera floor impedes ability of NPIT GPS station to ...
June 25, 2018

On June 18, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory staff said a sad goodbye to a GPS instrument that had faithfully recorded over 95 m (310 ft) of downward motion of the floor of Kīlauea caldera before losing radio contact.

This means that Mauna Loa is now considered to be at a normal, background level of activity. (More information about alert level
June 22, 2018

For more than six months, earthquakes at Mauna Loa have diminished and deformation has slowed, indicating that the volcano is no longer at an elevated level of unrest. On June 21, 2018, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) lowered the alert level from ADVISORY to NORMAL, and lowered the color code from YELLOW to GREEN.

the sun is illuminating the volcanic gas plume from behind
June 17, 2018

When volcanic gases are released into the atmosphere, resulting plumes sometimes appear to have a faint color. Is this color indicative of a certain gas present? Answering this question requires describing what makes a plume visible in the first place.

Close-up photograph of stem, leaves and flower buds of haha plant
June 8, 2018

Caly isn't likely to wonder off off, but with a remote camera and monitoring station online 24-hours a day, USGS and partners at the State of Hawai‘i Division of Forestry and Wildlife, University of Hawai‘i, and the USFWS can learn how an extremely rare plant is responding to changes in environmental conditions.

low magnification photo shows ash particles
June 7, 2018

Small explosions that produce ashfall from Kīlauea Volcano's summit are not new. However, the mechanism, vigor, plume heights, and extent of ash fallout from the current explosive activity within Halema‘uma‘u are.