Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

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Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
March 17, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the three areas of breakouts near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on March 17 at about 8:00 AM.

Small-scale map of flow field...
March 10, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on March 10 at about 10:25 AM.

Map of flow field west of Kaohe Homesteads with thermal overlay...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow west of Kaohe Homesteads on March 10 at about 10:30 AM. 

Map of distal flow field with thermal overlay...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on March 10 at about 10:35 AM.

Map of distal flow field...
March 10, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow. 

Satellite image of area around front of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone la...
March 3, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Tuesday, March 3, 2015 by the Landsat 8 satellite. 

Map of flow field west of Kaohe Homesteads with thermal overlay...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow west of Kaohe Homesteads on February 27 at about 11:35 AM. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on February 27 at about 11:50 AM. £

Map of distal flow field with thermal overlay...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on February 27 at about 11:40 AM. 

Map of distal flow field...
February 27, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlay...
February 23, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on February 23 at about 12:00 PM.

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Close up of a lava overflow
July 2, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Overfows

Close up image of overflows from the fissure 8 lava channel. Photograph taken during the morning overflight.

Drone shot looking at brightly colored red and orange lava flows
July 2, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Drone Over Lava Channel

USGS Mavic Pro drone image of the fissure 8 lava channel looking toward the vent. Overflows can be seen as incandescent spots beyond the channel margins. Drone flights and resultant imagery help scientists

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Aerial view of an ocean entry with laze plumes
July 2, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Ocean Entry

The ocean entry being fed by a crusted over channel has fewer tiny ooze-out channels than yesterday spilling into the water. One larger ooze-out channel making dominant entry plume at the northern end of the broad ocean entry.

Annotated photo looking at fissure 8 lava channels and identifying lava flows in residential areas and the ocean entry
July 2, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Fissure 8 Channel (Annotated)

Annotated drone image of Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone fissure 8 lava channel. Image captured near Kapoho Crater looking east toward the ocean entry. Incandescent flow margin is more easily identified in the dark - specifically here in the area of Kapoho Beach Lots.

Aerial of lava channels
July 2, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Open Lava Channels

Fountains from Fissure 8 spatter cone continue to supply lava to the open channel with intermittent small, short-

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July 1, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Whirlwind Above Fissure 8

In the Leilani Estates subdivision, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory field crews monitoring 

July 1, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Collapse/Explosion Event at Halema‘uma‘u

On June 30, 2018, at 02:51 PM HST, a collapse/explosion event occurred at Kīlauea's summit. An ash-poor 

Animation showing changes in summit size on a map
June 30, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Animation of Summit Drop

This animated GIF shows a sequence of radar amplitude images that were acquired by the Agenzia Spaziale Italiana CosmoSkyMed satellite system. The images illustrate changes to the 

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Lava channels coming from a distant fissure
June 30, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lava Channels from Fissure 8

Lava from fissure 8 is fed into a channel that travels about 13 km (8 mi) to the sea. A 

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A geologist stands in a field with a video camera recording a fissure eruption in the distance.
June 30, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Video Data of Fissure 8

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geologist Matt Patrick acquires video of fissure 8 and the lava channel from Pohoiki Road/Highway 132. The video is used to document fountain behavior and lava flow characteristics, and how they change with time.

Ocean entries from lava flows
June 30, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Ocean Entry at Kapoho

Lava was entering the ocean over a broad area this morning. This image shows an active entry area along the northern flow front at Kapoho. View to the south.

Lava flowing around islands of older lava in a lava channel
June 30, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano — Lava Flowing Around Channel Islands

Lava flows around islands in the lava channel. The direction of flow is from the upper right to lower left. Field crews can make a rough calculation of velocity by timing large blocks as they pass between two landmarks that are a known distance apart.

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bursting bubble on the surface of a lava lake
February 8, 2018

If you visit Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park's Jaggar Museum Overlook when the wind is calm, you might be able to hear the sounds of gas bubbles bursting and lava splashing in the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea. What you hear is only part of a rich chorus of sounds emitted from many processes near the surface of an active lava lake.

Early evening view of the lava lake
February 1, 2018

In November 2017, "Volcano Watch" entered its 27th year of publication. The long history of this column is, in large part, thanks to the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists and affiliates who write the weekly articles, Hawaii newspapers and online news outlets that print and post the column, and you, the dedicated readers who peruse it each week.

Volcanic Air Pollution Hazards in Hawaii Fact Sheet....
February 1, 2018

Volcanic Air Pollution Hazards in Hawaii is an updated fact sheet that provides information on the science of Kīlauea's volcanic air pollution, known as "vog."

Halemaʻumaʻu lava lake with Mauna Loa in background...
January 31, 2018

A 24-minute USGS video recounts the eruptive history of Halema'uma'u and tells the story of Kīlauea Volcano's current summit eruption, from its start in 2008 through today.

Why do some earthquakes have negative depths?...
January 25, 2018

Astute visitors to the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) website may have noticed that some recent earthquakes have negative depths. This does not indicate a change in seismicity but, rather, an upgrade in HVO's seismic data processing system.

USGS
January 22, 2018

"During the current lapse in appropriations U.S. volcano observatories including the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory will continue to monitor volcanic activity and issue updates, warnings, and notifications through the usual channels, including this website, email, and news releases." 

Clear views at Kīlauea summit and east rift zone eruptions...
January 18, 2018

With recent attention focused on the need to be prepared for all hazards, this week's Volcano Watch offers ways to stay informed about Hawaiian volcanoes and earthquakes.

First high-definition thermal image of the Halemaumau lava lake
January 4, 2018

With the Wolf Moon illuminating Kīlauea Caldera from above and the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake glowing below, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) looks forward to another year of investigating the island's magnificent, active volcanoes. Not surprisingly, 2018 will see additions and improvements to our monitoring and research toolkit.

Happy birthday Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō! A look back at what happened in 2017...
December 28, 2017

On January 3, 2018, Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on Kīlauea Volcano's East Rift Zone reaches its 35th birthday. 

Evolving tube network blocked and diverted lava from the Kamokuna d...
December 21, 2017

Lava erupting from the active vent on the east flank of Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō has not entered the ocean or reached the Kamokuna lava delta during the past month. Instead, small lava flows are scattered across the 61g flow field, breaking out from the lava-tube network between Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō and the coastal plain.

An image from a Halema‘uma‘u time-lapse camera taken on December 5 ...
December 15, 2017

Recent collapses into Kīlauea's summit lava lake

Progress can be slow but adds up...
December 14, 2017

Where do we stand today with big-picture knowledge of Kīlauea and Mauna Loa acquired in the past few decades?