Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on March 10 at about 10:25 AM.

Map of flow field west of Kaohe Homesteads with thermal overlay...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow west of Kaohe Homesteads on March 10 at about 10:30 AM. 

Map of distal flow field with thermal overlay...
March 10, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on March 10 at about 10:35 AM.

Map of distal flow field...
March 10, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow. 

Satellite image of area around front of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone la...
March 3, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Tuesday, March 3, 2015 by the Landsat 8 satellite. 

Map of flow field west of Kaohe Homesteads with thermal overlay...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow west of Kaohe Homesteads on February 27 at about 11:35 AM. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlays...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays georegistered mosaics of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on February 27 at about 11:50 AM. £

Map of distal flow field with thermal overlay...
February 27, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on February 27 at about 11:40 AM. 

Map of distal flow field...
February 27, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow. 

Map of proximal flow field with thermal overlay...
February 23, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow near Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on February 23 at about 12:00 PM.

Map of distal flow field with thermal overlay...
February 23, 2015

This map overlays a georegistered mosaic of thermal images collected during a helicopter overflight of the distal part of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow on February 23 at about 12:30 PM.

Map of distal flow field...
February 23, 2015

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow.

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Color photograph of lava lake
January 8, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u just after sunset on January 8, 2021

Kīlauea’s summit lava lake, in Halema‘uma‘u, just after sunset on January 8, 2021. This view is to the north, from the south rim of the crater.  HVO scientists continue to monitor the eruption within an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains closed to the public for safety reasons. USGS image by N. Deligne. 

January 8, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u West Fissure Activity (Jan 8, 2021)

This video shows activity at the western fissure, in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea on January 8, 2021. The lava stream entering the lake appeared weaker than several days ago, when a dome fountain was active.
 

Color photograph of lava lake
January 7, 2021

Kīlauea summit aerial imagery - January 7, 2021

During an overflight of Kīlauea summit today (January 7, 2021) at approximately 10:30 a.m. HST, HVO geologists captured this image of the growing lava lake within Halemaʻumaʻu. Sunny weather allowed for clear views of Mauna Loa, to the west. USGS photo by M. Patrick. 

Color photograph of lava lake, vents, and island
January 7, 2021

Kīlauea summit aerial imagery - January 7, 2021

Aerial image of the active west vent area and the largest island in Halemaʻumaʻu's growing lava lake. During the overflight of Kīlauea's summit today (January 7, 2021) at approximately 10:30 a.m. HST, HVO geologists noted that the dome fountain, which had been persistent near the base of the west vent area, had subsided and was no longer present. USGS photo by K. Mulliken

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Color photograph of lava lake margin
January 7, 2021

Kīlauea summit aerial imagery - January 7, 2021

This photo, taken during an overflight of Kīlauea's summit this morning (January 7, 2021), shows the southeast margin of Halemaʻumaʻu's growing lava lake. The photo shows the boundary between the active portion of the lava lake (left) and the subtle levee around the lake perimeter that allows the lake to be slightly perched. The photo shows that a margin around the lake (

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Color image of lava lake temperature
January 7, 2021

Thermal image of the lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea - Jan. 7, 2021

This thermal image, looking northwest, shows the distribution of activity on the lava lake at Kīlauea's summit. The lake is slightly perched and surrounded along its perimeter by a lower ledge of cooler lava. The western fissure, in the wall of Halema‘uma‘u crater, is visible in the upper left portion of the image, just above the lake. Today, the eastern end of the lake (

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January 7, 2021

3D Model of Halema'uma'u Crater (Jan 7, 2021)

Visual photographs taken during a helicopter overflight of Halema'uma'u crater on January 7, 2021 (at Kīlauea Volcano) are used to create a 3D model of the crater. This technique is called structure-from-motion photogrammetry and uses the multiple perspectives captured in dozens of photos to reconstruct the crater shape on a computer. USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

January 7, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u Lava Lake Aerial Views (Jan 7, 2021)

A helicopter overflight at approximately 10:30 a.m. HST provided views of the ongoing eruption within Halema‘uma‘u crater. Video is shown at 3 x speed. HVO geologists noted that the dome fountain, which had been persistent near the base of the west vent area, had subsided and was no longer present. Lava continues to enter the lake at the base of the west vents. Visual and

January 6, 2021

Kīlauea Volcano — Telephoto Views, Halema‘uma‘u Activity (Jan 6, 2021)

Telephoto video of lava flow and fountaining in Halema‘uma‘u lava lake; spatter bursts from the active west fissure vent in Halema‘uma‘u.

  1. Clip 1: The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u Crater is being fed by two sources from the western fissure today, the tubed over lava stream entering the lava lake at the margin (initiated yesterday) and the small dome fountain (
Color photograph of lava lake
January 6, 2021

KW webcam image taken January 6, 2021, just after 6:30 a.m. HST.

Kīlauea summit KW webam image taken on January 6, 2021, just after 6:30 a.m. HST. The eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu continues and this photo shows that activity remains focused at the west vent as of Jan. 6 morning. You can view live KW webcam images here. USGS

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Color map of lava lake temperature
January 6, 2021

January 5, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption thermal map

A helicopter overflight on January 5, 2021, at approximately 8:30 a.m. HST allowed for aerial visual and thermal imagery to be collected of the eruption within Halema'uma'u crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. The dimensions of the lava lake are 760 m (831 yd) E-W axis and 470 m (514 yd) in N-S axis. The most recent estimate of lake area is about 28 hectares (69 acres

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Color photograph of rainbow and lava lake
January 6, 2021

Double rainbow extending over the lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu crater

View to the northwest from the south rim of Halemaʻumaʻu crater showing the lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu at Kīlauea Volcano's summit. The active western fissure is visible above the lake, producing minor spatter and a gas plume from vents at the top. This vent is also sending lava into the lake from a lava tube opening at the lake surface, and producing a small dome fountain

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eruptive fissures along the Northeast Rift Zone of Mauna Loa
July 11, 2019

Shortly before midnight on July 5, 1975, Mauna Loa Volcano awakened with a shudder. Quickly responding to a seismic earthquake/tremor alarm at 11:18 p.m., USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) staff rushed to their offices, where, at 11:42 p.m., they noted red glow above the mountain. The 1975 eruption lasted less than a day, but it ended Mauna Loa's then longest-known repose period. 

Volcano Alert Levels
July 3, 2019

Hawaii residents are likely familiar with the Volcano Activity Updates that the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) issues for Kīlauea and other active Hawaiian volcanoes. These updates, which provide situational awareness of volcanic activity and hazards, were formally established in 2006. 

Map showing the islands of Hawaii to show the areas where coral reefs are found.
July 1, 2019

A new USGS Open-File Report describes the coral reefs of Maui, Moloka‘i, Lānaʻi, and Kahoʻolawe in detail, including location, extent, coral cover, and connectivity.

Lava fountains erupting from fissure 22
June 27, 2019

Kīlauea Volcano, on the Island of Hawai‘i, has two rift zones. The East Rift Zone is longer, with 50 km (about 31 miles) on land plus another 80 km (about 43 miles) below sea level. The Southwest Rift Zone, which is historically less active, is 40 km (about 20 miles) long with only a small portion underwater.

Interferogram for the period from April 6 to June 2, 2019
June 20, 2019

Since the early 1990s, scientists have used radar satellites to map movement, or deformation, of Earth’s surface. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) calculates the difference between two radar images acquired by an orbiting satellite taken at different times but looking at the same place on Earth.

Screenshot of a seismic webicorder from the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
June 13, 2019

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), along with its partners at NOAA's Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) and the National Strong-Motion Project (NSMP), operates a network of seismic monitoring stations on the Island of Hawai‘i and throughout the state.

USGS
June 10, 2019

A summary chronology and interesting facts about Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse.

routine inspection of a UAS system prior to a flight
June 6, 2019

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) is no rookie when it comes to using flight to assist with monitoring Hawaiian volcanoes. Helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft have transported HVO volcanologists for decades, giving them access for visual and thermal observations, equipment maintenance, and other geophysical and geochemical measurements.

Kīlauea that will be covered by a helicopter lidar survey in June 2019
May 30, 2019

Since the end of 2018's volcanic activity, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists have wanted to resurvey Kīlauea Volcano's ground surface to document changes brought about by the Puna eruption and summit collapse. Doing so would allow us to more accurately answer questions about the total volumes of erupted lava and summit subsidence that occurred last summer. 

lava fountain
May 23, 2019

May 24, 2019, is a notable date in Kīlauea Volcano's history. It is the one-year anniversary of several key events in the 2018 Kīlauea eruption, most notably, the reactivation of fissure 8 with intermittent spattering while fissures 7 and 21 were producing two ‘a‘ā flows.

USGS
May 22, 2019

This GIS dataset shows the evolution of the "June 27th" lava flow (episode 61e of the Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō eruption) that was active from June 27, 2014, to June 8, 2016.

Students from the Teaching Through Technology (T3) Alliance
May 16, 2019

During the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, when fissures erupted and lava flowed in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ), many Puna residents were displaced from their homes. We, as a community, watched from the sidelines as the eruption went on, helpless in averting the course of nature.