Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Small-scale map of flow field...
August 5, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to the eastern part of the Island of Hawai‘i. 

Map with thermal mosaic overlay...
July 23, 2015

This map overlays a georeferenced thermal image mosaic onto the flow field change map to show the distribution of active and recently active breakouts. 

Map showing flow field changes...
July 23, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Small-scale map of flow field...
July 7, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. 

Map showing flow field changes...
July 7, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map with thermal mosaic overlay...
June 30, 2015

This map overlays a georeferenced thermal image mosaic onto the flow field change map to show the distribution of active and recently active breakouts.

Map showing flow field changes...
June 30, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Landsat satellite image shows June 27th lava flow...
June 23, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Tuesday, June 23, 2015 by the Landsat 8 satellite. 

Map with thermal mosaic overlay...
June 19, 2015

This map overlays a georeferenced thermal image mosaic onto the flow field change map above and shows the distribution of active and recently active breakouts.

Map showing flow field changes...
June 19, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map showing flow field changes...
June 4, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Small-scale map of flow field...
June 4, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. 

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January 22, 2021

Kīlauea Summit Eruption (January 22, 2021)

Flames have been observed numerous times at the western fissure in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea. The combusting gas is not certain, but flames were observed numerous times in Halema‘uma‘u during the early 1900s lava lake.

January 22, 2021

Cyclic Fluctuations in Kīlauea's Summit Eruptive Vigor

Cyclic fluctuations in eruptive vigor were present recently at the western fissure in Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea. The cycles occurred on January 22 and 23, with cycles lasting 5-6 minutes. Peaks in the cycles were expressed as high flow rates in the channel and spattering at the vents. During troughs in the cycles, the channel became nearly inactive. These

Color photograph of volcanic vent
January 22, 2021

Activity at the west vent within Halemaʻumaʻu crater on January 22

Activity at the west vent within Halemaʻumaʻu crater on January 22 included frequent spattering from multiple locations and an open lava channel which drops 20 meters (65 feet) from its source to the lava lake surface. HVO scientists continue to monitor Kīlauea's summit eruption from within an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains closed to the public for

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Color photograph of volcanic vent and lava lake
January 21, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u west vent on January 21, 2021

Between overcast and rainy weather, HVO field crews took this photo at 3:34 p.m. HST on January 21, 2021, from the south side of Kīlauea's summit caldera. The photo shows Halema‘uma‘u's active west vent, which overflowed its tubed-over lower half at 2:51 p.m. HST that afternoon.  It then proceeded to create a pāhoehoe flow (the lighter gray in the photo with a orange,

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January 21, 2021

What’s happening at Kīlauea Volcano?

On December 20, 2020, an eruption began in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea Volcano’s summit, ending a two-year eruptive pause. The water lake that appeared at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u in late July 2019, which had grown to be over 50 meters (55 yards) deep and more than 10 acres in surface area, quickly vaporized and was replaced by a growing lava lake. The eruption began as

Color photographs of volcanic vent
January 19, 2021

Small collapses of Kīlauea's western fissure continue

The western fissure at Kīlauea's summit continues to send lava into Halemʻaumaʻu crater through an open channel into the lava lake. Around sunset on the evening of January 19, field crews observed a minor collapse event of the spatter rampart on its northern rim and the channel margins at 5:46 p.m. HST. Times are indicated on each photo; the first image shows a "before"

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Color photograph of lava lake
January 19, 2021

Lava lake on the evening of January 19, 2021

This photo, taken at just after 6 p.m. HST on January 19, shows that the western fissure continues to send lava into Halemʻaumaʻu crater through an open channel into the lava lake. The western side of the lava lake has an incandescent surface, while the eastern portion is more crusted over. However, lava continues to flow beneath this eastern portion, supplying breakouts

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Color photograph of volcanic vent and lava lake
January 18, 2021

Recent change in Halema‘uma‘u vent configuration - 01/18/2021

On the evening of January 17, the vent on the north side of the western fissure in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit activated and seemed to become the dominant vent overnight. This vent is the one on the right in this photo. The vent on the left, which was the dominant vent over the past week, seemed less energetic today. USGS photo by M. Patrick.

Color photograph of volcanic vents
January 18, 2021

Recent change in Halema‘uma‘u vent configuration - 01/18/2021

A close up of the vent area at the western fissure within Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit. The two main vents were exhibiting low fountaining while a small vent in the middle had sporadic, weak spattering. USGS photo by M. Patrick.

Color photograph of lava lake
January 18, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u lava lake - 01/18/2021

A close up of the southwest portion of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u, just south of the west fissure. The lava lake at Kīlauea's summit is perched, and is contained by a steep levee 2-3 meters (yards) high. USGS photo by M. Patrick.

January 18, 2021

Kīlauea — Recent Change in Vent Configuration (Jan 18, 2021)

This video shows the two main vents active at the western fissure in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit, with both supplying lava to the lava lake. Low fountaining was present at each vent. 
 

Color photograph of volcanic vent
January 15, 2021

Low fountaining continues at the western fissure in Kīlauea's summit

Sunlight interacts with volcanic gas from Kīlauea's summit lava lake and western fissure in this late afternoon view. The western fissure has built a spatter cone on the steep walls of Halema‘uma‘u, with lava spilling into the active lake, which forms the lower right portion of the photo. The remnants of Crater Rim Drive, which collapsed during the 2018 eruption, can be

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Volcano crater
October 10, 2019

New USGS video posted online:  "Water appears in Halema‘uma‘u"

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 27, 2019

Continued slow rise of water at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 24, 2019

HVO measures water table at Keller Well

Screen shot of a USGS geonarrative showing Kilauea
September 19, 2019

A new USGS geonarrative provides a brief overview of recent Kīlauea eruptions, highlighting the circumstances leading up to and summarizing the 2018 events.

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 17, 2019

Stable temperatures at Halema‘uma‘u water pond

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 14, 2019

Halema‘uma‘u water pond on September 14

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 10, 2019

Halema‘uma‘u water pond on September 10

Halema‘uma‘u water pond—animated image file
September 9, 2019

Animated, comparison, and video imagery of the Halema‘uma‘u water pond.

view looking north across Mauna Loa's summit caldera
September 9, 2019

An early morning view looking north across Moku‘āweoweo, Mauna Loa's summit caldera, from a spot near the summit cabin on the volcano's south caldera rim.

The Hilina Pali on Kīlauea Volcano's south flank
August 29, 2019

The pali (cliffs) of Kīlauea's south flank are some of the volcano's most striking features. Reaching up to 500 m (1500 ft) high, they stand out against the otherwise gentle slopes of Hawai‘i's most active shield volcano.

pond of water in Halema‘uma‘ crater
August 26, 2019

On July 25, 2019, a helicopter pilot flying a U.S.Geological Survey mission over Kīlauea noticed an unusual green patch at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u, the crater at the summit of the volcano.