Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 90
Date published: January 1, 2016

Digital image mosaics of the nearshore coastal waters of Kalaeloa on the island of Moloka'i generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

This portion of the data release contains a digital image mosaic with 1.0 foot-per-pixel resolution of the Kalaeloa area on the south coast of Moloka'i. This image mosaic was generated using digitized 1:10K natural color photographs collected in January 2000 by Air Survey Hawai'i, Inc. for the U.S. Geological Survey. Also available is a lower-resolution 'browse' graphic of the image m

Date published: January 1, 2016

Shaded-relief image mosaic of the nearshore coastal waters from Waikiki to Portlock on the island of O'ahu generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

This portion of the data release contains a digital image mosaic from Waikiki to Portlock along the southeast coast of O'ahu. Digital mosaics at 1-foot (0.3048-meter) resolution, including the areas of Waikiki, Diamond Head, Wai'alae, Maunalua Bay, and Portlock, were generated from 1:10K aerial photography. These five image mosaics were then combined into one larger mosaic%2

Date published: January 1, 2016

Digital image mosaic of the nearshore coastal waters of Diamond Head on the island of O'ahu generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

This portion of the data release contains a digital image mosaic with 1.0 foot-per-pixel (0.3048 meter-per-pixel) resolution of the Diamond Head area on the southeast coast of O'ahu. This image mosaic was generated using digitized 1:10K natural color photographs collected by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service. Also available is a lower-re

Date published: January 1, 2016

Digital image mosaics of the nearshore coastal waters of Waikiki on the island of O'ahu generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

This portion of the data release contains a digital image mosaic with 1.0 foot-per-pixel (0.3048 meter-per-pixel) resolution of the Waikiki area on the southeast coast of O'ahu. This image mosaic was generated using digitized 1:10K natural color photographs collected by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service. Also available is a lower-resolut

Date published: January 1, 2016

Digital image mosaics of the nearshore coastal waters of selected areas on the island of Moloka'i generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

This portion of the data release contains digital image mosaics along the south coast of Moloka'i. Digital mosaics at 1-foot (0.3048-meter) resolution, including the areas of Pala'au, Umipa'a, Kaunakakai, Kamiloloa, Kawela, Kamalo, and Kalaeloa, were generated from 1:10K aerial photography, and are presented in one zip file (molokai_1ft.zip) that also contains lo

Date published: January 1, 2016

Digital image mosaic of the nearshore coastal waters of Wai'alae on the island of O'ahu generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

This portion of the data release contains a digital image mosaic with 1.0 foot-per-pixel (0.3048 meter-per-pixel) resolution of the Wai'alae area on the southeast coast of O'ahu. This image mosaic was generated using digitized 1:10K natural color photographs collected by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service. Also available is a lower-reso

Filter Total Items: 366
Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 23, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 23, 2018.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 22, 2018

As of 2:00 p.m. HST, July 22, 2018, the lava flow margins had not expanded since the previous map, so no red areas (indicating expansion) appear on this map.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 21, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Saturday, July 21

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 19, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 19, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 19, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Thursday, July 19

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 18, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, July 18, 2018.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 17, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 17.

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 16, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 16, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 14, 2018

This thermal map shows the Fissure 8 flow as of 6 am on Saturday, July 14

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 12, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Thursday, July 12

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 12, 2018

Map as of 3:00 p.m. HST, July 12, 2018

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 11, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 11, 2018

Filter Total Items: 114
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2004

Water Quality on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1999-2001

This report contains the major findings of a 1999-2001 assessment of water quality on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. It is one of a series of reports by the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Program that present major findings in 51 major river basins and aquifer systems across the Nation. In these reports, water quality is discussed in...

Anthony, Stephen S.; Hunt, Charles D.; Brasher, Anne M.D.; Miller, Lisa D.; Tomlinson, Michael S.
Water Quality on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1999-2001; 2004; CIR; 1239; Anthony, Stephen S.; Hunt, Charles D., Jr.; Brasher, Anne M. D.; Miller, Lisa D.; Tomlinson, Michael S.

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Year Published: 2004

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2004

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. This program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream. For this program, rainfall data were collected at two sites, continuous streamflow data at three sites, and...

Young, Stacie T.M.; Ball, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2004; 2004; OFR; 2004-1275; Young, Stacie T. M.; Ball, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2004

Trends in Streamflow Characteristics in Hawaii, 1913-2002

The surface-water resources of Hawaii have significant cultural, aesthetic, ecologic, and economic importance. In Hawaii, surface-water resources are developed for both offstream uses (for example, drinking water, agriculture, and industrial uses) and instream uses (for example, maintenance of habitat and ecosystems, recreational activities,...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Trends in Streamflow Characteristics in Hawaii, 1913-2002; 2004; FS; 2004-3104; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2003

Water Resources Data: Hawaii and Other Pacific Areas, Water Year 2002. Volume 1. Hawaii

Water resources data for the 2002 water year for Hawaii consist of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams and springs; water levels and quality of water wells; and rainfall totals. * Water discharge for 71 gaging stations on streams, springs, and ditches. * Discharge data for 93 crest-stage partial-record stations. * Water-...

Wong, M.F.; Nishimoto, D.C.; Teeters, P.C.; Taogoshi, R.I.
Water Resources Data: Hawaii and Other Pacific Areas, Water Year 2002. Volume 1. Hawaii; 2003; WDR; HI-02-1; Wong, M. F.; Nishimoto, D. C.; Teeters, P. C.; Taogoshi, R. I.

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Year Published: 2003

Availability and Distribution of Base Flow in Lower Honokohau Stream, Island of Maui

Honokohau Stream is one of the few perennial streams in the Lahaina District of West Maui. Current Honokohau water-use practices often lead to conflicts among water users, which are most evident during periods of base flow. To better manage the resource, data are needed that describe the availability and distribution of base flow in lower...

Fontaine, Richard A.
Availability and Distribution of Base Flow in Lower Honokohau Stream, Island of Maui; 2003; WRI; 2003-4060; Fontaine, Richard A.

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Year Published: 2003

Paleointensity in Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project Hole (HSDP2): Results from submarine basaltic glass

Paleointensity estimates based on the high quality Thellier‐Thellier data from the early Brunhes (420–780 ka) are rare (only 30 in the published literature). The Second Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) drill hole recovered submarine volcanics spanning the approximate time period of 420–550 ka. These are of particular interest for...

Tauxe, L.; Love, Jeffrey J.

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Year Published: 2003

Environmental Setting and the Effects of Natural and Human-Related Factors on Water Quality and Aquatic Biota, Oahu, Hawaii

The island of Oahu is the third largest island of the State of Hawaii, and is formed by the eroded remnants of the Waianae and Koolau shield volcanoes. The landscape of Oahu ranges from a broad coastal plain to steep interior mountains. Rainfall is greatest in the mountainous interior parts of the island, and lowest near the southwestern coastal...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Brasher, Anne M.D.
Environmental Setting and the Effects of Natural and Human-Related Factors on Water Quality and Aquatic Biota, Oahu, Hawaii; 2003; WRI; 2003-4156; Oki, Delwyn S.; Brasher, Anne M. D.

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Year Published: 2003

Ground-Water Quality and its Relation to Land Use on Oahu, Hawaii, 2000-01

Water quality in the main drinking-water source aquifers of Oahu was assessed by a one-time sampling of untreated ground water from 30 public-supply wells and 15 monitoring wells. The 384 square-mile study area, which includes urban Honolulu and large tracts of forested, agricultural, and suburban residential lands in central Oahu, accounts for 93...

Hunt, Charles D.
Ground-Water Quality and its Relation to Land Use on Oahu, Hawaii, 2000-01; 2003; WRI; 2003-4305; Hunt, Charles D., Jr.

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Year Published: 2003

Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998

A hierarchical land-use classification system for Hawaii was developed, and land use on the island of Oahu was mapped. The land-use classification system emphasizes agriculture, developed (urban), and barren/mining uses. Areas with other land uses (conservation, forest reserve, natural areas, wetlands, water, and barren [sand, rock, or soil]...

Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.
Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998; 2003; WRI; 2002-4301; Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.

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Year Published: 2003

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. This program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream. For this program, rainfall data was collected at two sites, continuous streamflow data at three sites, and...

Young, Stacie T.M.; Ball, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003; 2003; OFR; 2003-331; Young, Stacie T. M.; Ball, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2003

Surface Water in Hawaii

Surface water in Hawaii is a valued resource as well as a potential threat to human lives and property. The surface-water resources of Hawaii are of significant economic, ecologic, cultural, and aesthetic importance. Streams supply more than 50 percent of the irrigation water in Hawaii, and although streams supply only a few percent of the...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Surface Water in Hawaii; 2003; FS; 045-03; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002

The State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program was implemented on January 1, 2001. The program includes the collection of rainfall, streamflow, and water-quality data at selected sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin. Rainfall data were collected at two sites, and streamflow data were collected at 3 sites for...

Presley, Todd K.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002; 2002; OFR; 2002-319; Presley, Todd K.

Filter Total Items: 2,073
On Friday afternoon, April 9, lava entered the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake from two sources near the base of the west vent
April 9, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u eruptive activity on April 9, 2021

On Friday afternoon, April 9, lava entered the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake from two sources near the base of the west vent (degassing on left side of the image). This photo was taken around 4:00 p.m. HST from the western rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea summit. The lava source closer to the west vent emerged approximately one hour before this photo was taken. USGS Photo

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Lava continues to erupt from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater at Kīlauea Volcano's summit
April 9, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u eruptive activity on April 9, 2021

Lava continues to erupt from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater at Kīlauea Volcano's summit. This photo of the vent and active western portion of the lava lake was taken around 3:00 p.m. HST from the south rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater. USGS photo taken by K. Lynn on April 9, 2021.

Lava erupting from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater emerged from a second source closer to the vents base
April 9, 2021

Halema‘uma‘u eruptive activity on April 9, 2021

On Friday, lava erupting from the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater emerged from a source closer to the vents base (center), a few feet away from the submerged effusive inlet that has been feeding the lava lake for several weeks (lower right). This photo was taken from the south rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater, in an area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains closed to

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Color photograph of lava lake and crater wall
April 8, 2021

April 8, 2021 — Kīlauea

The crusted-over southern shoreline of the lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit has accumulated talus (rubble) blocks on the surface since it solidified in February. On April 8, 2021, HVO field geologists noted steaming east of the talus (above the rubble in the photo) that was producing hazy viewing conditions. USGS photo by C. Parcheta.

View of the Kīlauea summit lava lake from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater on April 7, 2021
April 7, 2021

Kīlauea summit lava lake on April 7, 2021

View of the Kīlauea summit lava lake from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater on April 7, 2021. Lava continues to erupt from the west vent, where a diffuse gas plume is visible in the lower left. The active west part of the lava lake (lower center) is a lighter gray color, compared to the darker appearance of the solidified surface crust to the east. This photo was taken

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A zoomed in view of the active lava lake and western vent, taken from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater at Kīlauea summit
April 7, 2021

Active lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater on April 7, 2021

A zoomed in view of the active lava lake and western vent, taken from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater at Kīlauea summit. The active lava lake remains perched a few meters (yards) higher than the surrounding solidified lava crust. A few small rafted islands (darker in color) are visible within the active western lava lake. The bluish-white gas plume marks the location

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Color photograph of lava lake
April 5, 2021

April 5, 2021 — Kīlauea

The lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u crater, at the summit of Kīlauea, remains active, as seen in this view looking north. Active surface lava is limited to the western (left) portion of the lake between the main island and the western fissure complex. The blueish tinge to the plume from the western fissure complex (left) is due to sulfur dioxide (SO2). USGS photo

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Color map of lava lake at volcano summit
April 5, 2021

April 5, 2021—Kīlauea summit eruption contour map

This map of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea shows 20 m (66 ft) contour lines (dark gray) that mark locations of equal elevation above sea level (asl). The map shows that the lava lake has filled 225 m (738 ft) of the crater, to an elevation of 742 m (2434 ft) asl since the eruption began on December 20, 2020. Contour lines highlighted in green, purple, and blue mark

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Color photograph of lava lake
April 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption — April 2, 2021

A wide view of the eruption within Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea. The western vent and perched lava lake remain active in the western portion of the crater (left). Sulfur dioxide emission rates remain elevated, with the most recent measurement being 1,200 tonnes per day on April 1. USGS photo taken by L. DeSmither on April 2, 2021.

Color photograph of lava flow
April 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption — April 2, 2021

A telephoto view of the eastern Halema‘uma‘u crater wall and portion of the crusted-over lava lake at Kīlauea summit. In this photo, molten lava from below the surface crust has squeezed up between the lava crust and the crater wall as an “ooze-out.” USGS photo taken by L. DeSmither on April 2, 2021.

Color photograph of lava lake
April 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption — April 2, 2021

A telephoto image from the ongoing eruption within Halema‘uma‘u crater at the summit of Kīlauea. Lava continues to enter the lava lake through an inlet near the base of the west vent cone (right). An incandescent opening near the top of the cone (upper center), ejected occasional bursts of spatter. Crustal foundering of a section of the lava lake surface crust (lower

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Color photograph of volcanic vent
April 2, 2021

Vent in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit - April 2, 2021

Telephoto image of the western cone complex of the current eruption in Halema‘uma‘u at Kīlauea's summit. In the center, a horseshoe-shaped spatter rampart is partially filled in by a more recent spatter cone. The cone has an incandescent opening that spatter is occasionally erupted from. Behind the main cone (to the right in the image) is another spatter cone, darker in

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Filter Total Items: 2,251
color photograph of lava flow
February 25, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of lava lake
February 24, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

February 22, 2021 — Kīlauea
February 23, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

HVO geologists use a laser rangefinder to measure the distance to the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake
February 22, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

On the February 16 helicopter overflight, thermal imagery of the Halema‘uma‘u lava lake was collected
February 19, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
February 18, 2021

The USGS recently published "Unoccupied Aircraft Systems (UAS) video of the 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii." The Data Release contains UAS footage from the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano’s lower East Rift Zone, on the Island of Hawai‘i. A subset of the videos collected were used for monitoring the fissure 8 lava channel and for measuring flow velocities.

USGS science for a changing world
February 18, 2021

A new chapter of USGS Professional Paper 1867, "The 2008–2018 Summit Lava Lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i" was recently published online. The 2008–2018 lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea marked the longest sustained period of lava lake activity at the summit in decades and provided a new opportunity for observing and understanding lava lake behavior.

Unoccupied Aircraft Systems (UAS) photo from Tuesday, Feb. 9, shows the stagnant, crusted-over eastern portion of the lava lake
February 18, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

This thermal image taken during the February 1 helicopter overflight shows the features of the lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u
February 18, 2021

Kīlauea’s current lava lake formed on December 20th and rose rapidly within Halema‘uma‘u crater during the dynamic first week of the ongoing summit eruption. Near the end of December, the eruption stabilized and the lava lake has been slowly changing since then.

Overflight photo of erupting western fissure in Halema‘uma‘u, February 16, 2021
February 17, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

This telephoto image of the western vent was taken from the west rim of Halema‘uma‘u crater, at Kīlauea summit.
February 16, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of lava
February 12, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u erupts lava into the lava lake. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear and PPE—monitor the current eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.