Unified Interior Regions

South Dakota

Surface water and groundwater provide important water supplies in South Dakota. Major rivers include the Big Sioux, James, Cheyenne, and Missouri Rivers. Key aquifers include the Dakota, Madison, Minnelusa, and Big Sioux aquifers. The Dakota Water Science Center has many studies that focus on these resources as well various other national and international studies. 

Link to Science Center

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Surface water and groundwater provide important water supplies in South Dakota. Major rivers include the Big Sioux, James, Cheyenne, and Missouri Rivers. Key aquifers include the Dakota, Madison, Minnelusa, and Big Sioux aquifers. The Dakota Water Science Center has many studies that focus on these resources as well various other national and international studies. 

Link to Science Center

News

Date published: January 5, 2021

First Orbital Space Flight Operations Coming to EROS, South Dakota

South Dakota’s first foray into orbital space flight operations is unfolding at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls as work begins there on a backup Landsat Multi-Satellite Operations Center (bLMOC).

Date published: December 10, 2020

High Resolution Imagery Captures Growth in South Dakota’s Largest City

The high-tech hub that is the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center was carved out of a chunk of rural farm ground nearly 50 years ago, and the Center still counts more cows and cornstalks than human beings as neighbors.

Date published: December 10, 2020

Bakken Shale unconventional oil and gas production has not caused widespread hydrocarbon contamination to date in groundwater used for water supply

A new USGS study reports that shale-oil and -gas production from a major production area in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota has not caused widespread hydrocarbon contamination to date in nearby aquifer zones used for drinking-water supply.

Filter Total Items: 94
Date published: July 10, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 29 – Tracking Landscape Change with LCMAP

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about an exciting new initiative to track landscape change in the U.S.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: April 17, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 23 – Ecosystem Monitoring

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about how Landsat satellites help scientists study ecosystems, watersheds and environmental health.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: April 13, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes On Earth Episode 22 - Meet the Mendenhall Fellow

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about one scientist’s journey from USGS Mendenhall fellow to full-time USGS researcher.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: February 21, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 17 – Evapotranspiration

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn how EROS scientists use satellites to help manage water use.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: February 6, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 16 – Predictive Modeling

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn how EROS scientists project future landscape change.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: January 27, 2020
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 15 – Burn Severity Mapping

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about burn severity mapping project in the Black Hills of South Dakota.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: December 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 13 – Land Use

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear about how satellites are used to study changes in land use and its impacts.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: December 16, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 12 – Plant Health via Satellite (NDVI)

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about an important tool for remote sensing scientists – the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI).

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: December 5, 2019
Status: Completed

Eyes on Earth Episode 11 – EROS Fall Poster Session

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we hear from a few of the scientists on hand for the EROS Fall Poster Session.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: September 20, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 4 - Cataloging Earth Observation Satellites

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we learn about the ever-expanding number of Earth observation satellites.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 3 - National Land Cover Database

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we talk about the National Land Cover Database.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Date published: August 30, 2019
Status: Active

Eyes on Earth Episode 2 - Chernobyl

Eyes on Earth is a podcast on remote sensing, Earth observation, land change and science, brought to you by the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center. In this episode, we talk about the Chernobyl disaster.

Contacts: Janice Nelson
Filter Total Items: 24
Date published: June 23, 2020

Global Geochemical Database for Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples

The Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples Database (CMDB) contains chemistry and geologic information for historic ore and ore-related rock samples from mineral deposits in the United States. In addition, the database contains samples from archetypal deposits from 27 other countries in North America, South America, Asia, Africa and Europe. Samples were obtained from archived ore

Date published: April 23, 2020

Domestic Wells in the United States

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Sioux Arch Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Sioux Arch Oil and Gas Assessments 

Date published: August 28, 2018

USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present

Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results...

Date published: June 22, 2018

Conterminous U.S. 1 km AVHRR Remote Sensing Phenology Data

Historical remote sensing phenology (RSP) image data and graphics for the conterminous U.S. are made freely available from the USGS/EROS Center through this website. Five data sets are distributed: CONUS 1 km AVHRR RSP data, C5 Eastern CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, C6 Eastern CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, C5 Western CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, and C6 Western CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data.

Date published: May 15, 2018

CoNED Project Viewer

The Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) Project Viewer is a portal to the topobathymetric models created with the expertise of the expertise of the U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD. 

Date published: May 9, 2018

EarthNow! Landsat Image Viewer

The EarthNow! Landsat Image Viewer displays imagery in near real-time as Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 orbit the Earth. Along with the near real-time video stream, EarthNow! also replays acquisition recordings from a list of previous Landsat overpasses. When Landsat 7 or Landsat 8 are out of viewing range of a ground station, the most recent overpass is displayed.

Date published: May 3, 2018

Land Treatment Exploration Tool

The Land Treatment Exploration Tool is designed for resource managers to use when planning land treatments. The tool provides useful summaries of environmental characteristics of planned treatment areas and facilitates adaptive management practices by comparing those characteristics to other similar treatments within a specified distance or area of interest. ...

Date published: September 1, 2017

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Date published: June 22, 2017

South Dakota Water Quality Data

At selected surface-water and groundwater sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. Supporting data such as air temperature and barometric pressure are also available at some sites.

Date published: June 22, 2017

South Dakota Ground Water Data

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in South Dakota; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Filter Total Items: 5
Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
April 23, 2020

Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Filter Total Items: 8
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2018

Conceptual model to assess water use associated with the life cycle of unconventional oil and gas development

As the demand for energy increases in the United States, so does the demand for water used to produce many forms of that energy. Technological advances, limited access to conventional oil and gas accumulations, and the rise of oil and gas prices resulted in increased development of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) accumulations. Unconventional oil...

Valder, Joshua F.; McShane, Ryan R.; Barnhart, Theodore B.; Sando, Roy; Carter, Janet M.; Lundgren, Robert F.
Valder, J.F., McShane, R.R., Barnhart, T.B., Sando, R., Carter, J.M., and Lundgren, R.F., 2018, Conceptual model to assess water use associated with the life cycle of unconventional oil and gas development: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5027, 22 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185027.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming

This digital data set represents the extent of the High Plains aquifer in the central United States. The extent of the High Plains aquifer covers 174,000 square miles in eight states: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming. This data set represents a compilation of information from digital and paper...

Qi, Sharon
Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming; 2010; DS; 543; Qi, Sharon

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2005

During 2005, withdrawals from ground-water and surface-water sources in South Dakota for the eight categories of offstream use totaled about 500 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Of total withdrawals, about 271 Mgal/d was withdrawn from ground water and about 230 Mgal/d was withdrawn from surface water. The largest use of water in South Dakota...

Carter, Janet M.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.
Estimated Use of Water in South Dakota, 2005; 2008; SIR; 2008-5216; Carter, Janet M.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2002

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2000

During 2000, the total amount of water withdrawn from ground- and surface-water sources in South Dakota was about 528 Mgal/d (million gallons per day). Of this amount, about 222 Mgal/d, or 42 percent of the total, was from ground water. Surface-water withdrawals were about 306 Mgal/d, or 58 percent of the total. Total withdrawals for six...

Amundson, Franklin D.
Attribution: Water Resources
Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2000; 2002; OFR; 2002-440; Amundson, Franklin D.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2001

Historical water-quality data for the High Plains Regional Ground-Water Study Area in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, 1930-98

The High Plains aquifer underlies 174,000 square miles in parts of eight States and includes eight primary hydrogeologic units, including the well-known Ogallala Formation. The High Plains aquifer is an important resource, providing water for 27 percent of the Nation?s irrigated agricultural lands in an otherwise dry landscape. Since the 1980?s...

Litke, David W.
Historical water-quality data for the High Plains Regional Ground-Water Study Area in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, 1930-98; 2001; WRI; 2000-4254; Litke, David W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1998

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 1995

Amundson, Franklin D.
Attribution: Water Resources
Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 1995; 1998; OFR; 98-268; Amundson, F. D.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1988

Estimated water use in South Dakota, 1985

Water use in South Dakota during 1985 is estimated to have been 674 million gal/day. This is a slight decrease from the 1980 estimate of 690 million gal/day. Of the total use, 63% was from surface-water sources and 37% was from groundwater sources. About 75% of the total water use was for agriculture, 16% was for domestic and commercial use, 8%...

Benson, Rick D.; Winterton, J.E.
Attribution: Water Resources
Estimated water use in South Dakota, 1985; 1988; OFR; 88-313; Benson, Rick D.; Winterton, J. E.

Filter Total Items: 404
Color image of Jeff Masek and Brian Freitag with logo for USGS EROS podcast Eyes on Earth
February 24, 2021

Eyes on Earth Episode 45 - Harmonized Landsat-Sentinel

Landsat satellites have monitoring the Earth’s surface for nearly 50 years, providing critical information for countless areas of study and real-world applications. But with observations only collected every 8-16 days, there are limits to what can be tracked. On today’s episode of Eyes on Earth, we hear about a soon-to-be-released data product that merges Landsat with data

Color photo of Dr. Alan Belward with the graphic for the USGS EROS podcast "Eyes on Earth"
January 26, 2021

Eyes on Earth Episode 44 – Landsat Water Atlas

Dr. Alan Belward has spent a lot of time thinking about the planet’s surface water. The former Landsat Science Team member uses satellite data to track changes to lakes, rivers, and streams, and recently published a book that uses Landsat data to tell some of those stories. In this episode of Eyes on Earth, we hear about some of the surprising things Belward and his team

November 20, 2020

Earth Observation User Case Study: Ladies of Landsat

Social scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Fort Collins Science Center – in collaboration with the USGS National Land Imaging Program – conduct Earth observation user case studies using qualitative research methods. Using standard scientific methods, they are better able to understand the variety of Earth observation users, including how they use and value

November 16, 2020

Outreach EROS Overview

This is EROS.

It's located just north of Sioux Falls in South Dakota in the United States on the planet Earth!

EROS stands for Earth Resources Observation and Science. It's a federal government facility where over 600 talented women and men work together to capture, store, and study images of the Earth taken from high above. Our Earth is always changing, and

Dr. Curtis Woodcock with the logo for the USGS EROS podcast Eyes on Earth
November 3, 2020

Eyes on Earth Episode 38 – Time Series Analysis with Landsat

In the past, remote sensing scientists looked for change on the Earth’s surface primarily by comparing one Landsat image to another. Today, open access to Landsat data, high-performance and cloud computing capabilities and sophisticated algorithms can be used to scan the entirety of the archive for change, enabling researchers to learn more about how the landscape shifts

July 9, 2020

Image of the Week - Virtual Road Trip with Landsat

Summer vacation plans changed for many in 2020. Whatever your plans, Landsat can take you on a virtual road trip. Landsat 8, in its sun-synchronous polar orbit, views every national park in the U.S. every 16 days and gathers more photographic data than the most ambitious of tourists.
 

Marvin Bauer with Eyes on Earth podcast graphic
June 16, 2020

Eyes on Earth Episode 28 - Peer Reviews

Remote sensing is not an especially venerable scientific discipline, at least in comparison to fields like biology, chemistry or medicine. From its beginnings with aerial photography in the 1920s through the initial stages of satellite-based land imaging in the early 1970s, few peer-reviewed publications were available for scientists to share their ideas and improve their

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool — Step 6: Compare the LTDL Treatments

This video describes Step 6 of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. In Step 6 the user filters through the returned list of legacy LTDL treatments to identify records that contain useful information or context for the current planned treatment boundary. Selected treatments are added to the developing report and subsequent exported Site Characterization PDFs.  

These

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool: A Quick Introduction

This is a quick introduction video to the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. This short video includes a summary of the tool with screen clips of the fact sheet, web tool, and an example Site Characterization Report.

These tutorial videos were created to aid in the use of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool (LTET). These videos

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool—Step 1: Describe Proposed Treatment

This video describes Step 1 of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. In Step 1 the user defines a name, the planned treatment/s, and a file name for exported items.

These tutorial videos were created to aid in the use of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool (LTET). These videos guide a user through the main steps of the tool.

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool — Step 2: Select Treatment Boundary

This video describes Step 2 of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. In Step 2 the user defines their planned treatment boundary. The user can load a zipped shapefile or on-screen digitize their boundary.  

These tutorial videos were created to aid in the use of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool (LTET). These videos guide a

June 11, 2020

Land Treatment Exploration Tool — Step 3: Explore Site Characteristics

This video describes Step 3 of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool. In Step 3 the user is guided to the Site History tab to explore land treatment and wildfire history of their planned treatment area. They are also directed to the Fish and Wildfire Information for Planning and Consultation tool to investigate areas of overlap with endangered species, migratory birds, and

Filter Total Items: 129
Artist's rendition of Landsat 9
January 5, 2021

South Dakota’s first foray into orbital space flight operations is unfolding at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls as work begins there on a backup Landsat Multi-Satellite Operations Center (bLMOC).

color image of Interstate 90 interchange from 2020
December 10, 2020

The high-tech hub that is the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center was carved out of a chunk of rural farm ground nearly 50 years ago, and the Center still counts more cows and cornstalks than human beings as neighbors.

Image: Bakken Drill Rig
December 10, 2020

A new USGS study reports that shale-oil and -gas production from a major production area in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota has not caused widespread hydrocarbon contamination to date in nearby aquifer zones used for drinking-water supply.

Dragonfly larvae being held in an open hand
July 21, 2020

A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

Jesslyn Brown (top) and Jennifer Rover with graphic for USGS EROS podcast "Eyes on Earth"
July 15, 2020

The U.S. Geological Survey took a bold step toward documenting change across the landscape with the launch of the first Landsat satellite in 1972. Since then, the orbiters have collected nearly five decades of imagery.

Color image of Denali supercomputer
June 30, 2020

One of the challenges in prototyping and evaluating research projects related to the U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection (LCMAP) initiative has been what software engineers call “the last mile problem.”

Animation of logging in Oregon
April 28, 2020

It’s not uncommon for young scientists doing remote sensing research these days to use what they call the “full Landsat record” in their studies—a time frame they often characterize as 1984 to present.

doucette
April 24, 2020

Coming from Reston, VA, to the rural landscape surrounding the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD, has brought about some challenging transitions for Peter Doucette, the new Integrated Science and Applications Branch Chief at EROS.

Dr. Heather Tollerud with graphic for USGS EROS podcast Eyes on Earth
April 14, 2020

Dr. Heather Tollerud came to the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center with an eye to drought and its ripple effects across time and space.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in MT, ND, & SD
February 26, 2020

This challeng is SO CLOSE to being finished! 

Approximately 80 edits came in since last week, leaving less than 20 existing points to be reviewed.  Don't forget to check for missing city/town halls, too.  

Filter Total Items: 61