Unified Interior Regions

Virginia

Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. The Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of its Eastern Shore. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay.

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

1730 East Parham Road
Richmond, VA 23228

Phone: (804) 261-2600
Fax: (804) 261-2657

VA WV Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 137
Date published: October 23, 2018
Status: Active

Floodplain interaction with watershed and estuarine processes: impacts on water quality- Greg Noe

Seeking an energized intern to work with us to advance the science of wetland-water quality interactions in watersheds.  Come and be a part of our interdisciplinary team to push science forward while learning about careers in the USGS. You can add your research capabilities and perspectives to our existing umbrella of studies and also learn new approaches, measurements, and modeling techniques...

Date published: October 23, 2018
Status: Active

Ecosystem Services of Urban Stormwater Management- Kristina Hopkins

As urban development continues to expand, the ecosystem services provided by the urban landscape will be increasingly important to human well-being. Join our interdisciplinary team to help us quantify the water quality services provided by urban stormwater management practices such as rain gardens, infiltration trenches, and detention ponds.

Date published: October 16, 2018
Status: Active

Geomorphic influence on resilience of tidal freshwater wetlands to sea level rise- Greg Noe

Want to conduct collaborative eco-geomorphic research at the forefront of climate change impacts? We have a novel landscape-scale ecosystem experiment, using two adjacent tidal rivers with a 9x difference in watershed sediment loads, to determine how sediment availability regulates the resilience or loss of tidal freshwater wetlands as the result of sea level rise and salinization.

Date published: October 12, 2018
Status: Active

Calcareous Laboratory

In the Calcareous Lab, we use paleoecologic analyses of cores from the eastern U.S. and Gulf Coast to reconstruct past coastal environments and apply that information to current restoration efforts. Most of our current work is focused on South Florida and Everglades restoration.

Date published: September 27, 2018
Status: Active

Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project

The Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project is a geologic mapping project supported by the USGS National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program. The Piedmont Blue Ridge Project aims to understand the geologic framework and tectonic evolution of terranes and basins in the Appalachian Piedmont and Blue Ridge, and their significance for water, mineral and energy resources, natural hazards, and engineering/...

Date published: September 11, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal Basement Geology of the Southeastern U.S. Project

This project, centered on South Carolina and Georgia, extends coastal-basement geologic mapping and related research south of a geologic map in production for pre-Cretaceous rocks beneath the Atlantic Coastal Plain from Virginia to southern New Jersey, and adds detail to a national-scale basement domain map constructed to delineate mineral-resource...

Date published: August 29, 2018
Status: Active

Functional and Molecular Bioassays

About the Research

The Environmental Health Program collaborates with scientists srom the Functional and Molecular Bioassay Laboratory to apply and modify microbial and eukaryotic reporter bioassays to detect the presence of bioactive chemicals in environmental water samples. These analyses compliment analytical chemistry and biological datasets. The laboratory adapts...

Date published: August 20, 2018
Status: Active

Wetlands in the Quaternary Project

Wetlands accumulate organic-rich sediment or peat stratigraphically, making them great archives of past environmental change. Wetlands also act as hydrologic buffers on the landscape and are important to global biogeochemical cycling. This project uses wetland archives from a range of environments to better understand how vegetation, hydrology, and hydroclimate has changed on decadal to multi-...

Date published: August 1, 2018
Status: Active

Piedmont Geology Along the Southeastern Fall Zone, Virginia and North Carolina

This task within the USGS NCGMP Piedmont-Blue Ridge Project aims to fill the void in geologic map coverage along the Fall Zone in southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina, and forge strong cooperative ties within the NCGMP by combining resources across all three Program components by supporting DMME and NCGS STATEMAP and UNC–W EDMAP components with targeted geologic mapping and...

Contacts: Mark W Carter
Date published: July 27, 2018
Status: Completed

Geologic Framework for Seismic Hazards in Central Virginia

The Central Virginia seismic zone (CVSZ) comprises an area of ~13,000 km2 in the central Virginia Piedmont; seismicity in this zone is relatively frequent, but generally mild in magnitude. The August 2011 event was the largest temblor recorded in the CVSZ since the development of modern seismic monitoring and highlighted how little we actually know about the CVSZ, including: 1) the...

Contacts: Mark W Carter
Date published: July 19, 2018
Status: Active

Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The USGS has conducted numerous assessments of undiscovered oil and gas in the Appalachian Basin, including studies of the Marcellus Shale. The region extends from Alabama to Maine. The following is an overview of the assessments.

    Date published: July 18, 2018
    Status: Active

    A National-scale River Corridor Model- Jud Harvey

    The need for better models and more effective use of data to characterize river corridor transport processes is keenly felt, from evaluating the effectiveness of river and watershed management practices all the way to clarifying regulatory authority under the Clean Water Act.

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    Filter Total Items: 97
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    Year Published: 2012

    The 2011 Virginia earthquake: what are scientists learning?

    Nearly 1 year ago, on 23 August, tens of millions of people in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada were startled in the middle of their workday (1:51 P.M. local time) by the sudden onset of moderate to strong ground shaking from a rare magnitude (M) 5.8 earthquake in central Virginia. Treating the shaking as if it were a fire drill,...

    Horton, J. Wright; Williams, Robert A.
    The 2011 Virginia earthquake: what are scientists learning?; 2012; Article; Journal; Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union; Horton, J. Wright, Jr.; Williams, Robert A.

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    Year Published: 2012

    Monitoring of endangered Roanoke logperch (Percina rex) in Smith River upstream from the Philpott Reservoir on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers property near Martinsville, Virginia

    The purpose of this study was to continue annual monitoring of Roanoke logperch (Percina rex), an endangered fish, in the Smith River immediately upstream from Philpott Reservoir. This river reach is owned by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), which must ensure that appropriate actions are undertaken to aid in recovery of logperch....

    Roberts, James H.; Angermeier, Paul L.
    Monitoring of endangered Roanoke logperch (Percina rex) in Smith River upstream from the Philpott Reservoir on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers property near Martinsville, Virginia; 2012; OFR; 2012-1221; Roberts, James H.; Angermeier, Paul L.

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    Year Published: 2012

    Comparison of two regression-based approaches for determining nutrient and sediment fluxes and trends in the Chesapeake Bay watershed

    Nutrient and sediment fluxes and changes in fluxes over time are key indicators that water resource managers can use to assess the progress being made in improving the structure and function of the Chesapeake Bay ecosystem. The U.S. Geological Survey collects annual nutrient (nitrogen and phosphorus) and sediment flux data and computes trends that...

    Moyer, Douglas; Hirsch, Robert M.; Hyer, Kenneth
    Comparison of two regression-based approaches for determining nutrient and sediment fluxes and trends in the Chesapeake Bay watershed; 2012; SIR; 2012-5244; Moyer, Douglas L.; Hirsch, Robert M.; Hyer, Kenneth E.

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    Year Published: 2012

    Igneous activity, metamorphism, and deformation in the Mount Rogers area of SW Virginia and NW North Carolina: A geologic record of Precambrian tectonic evolution of the southern Blue Ridge Province

    Mesoproterozoic basement in the vicinity of Mount Rogers is characterized by considerable lithologic variability, including major map units composed of gneiss, amphibolite, migmatite, meta-quartz monzodiorite and various types of granitoid. SHRIMP U-Pb geochronology and field mapping indicate that basement units define four types of occurrences,...

    Tollo, Richard P.; Aleinikoff, John N.; Mundil, Roland; Southworth, C. Scott; Cosca, Michael A.; Rankin, Douglas W.; Rubin, Allison E.; Kentner, Adrienne; Parendo, Christopher A.; Ray, Molly S.
    Igneous activity, metamorphism, and deformation in the Mount Rogers area of SW Virginia and NW North Carolina: A geologic record of Precambrian tectonic evolution of the southern Blue Ridge Province; 2012; Book chapter; Book; From the Blue Ridge to the Coastal Plain: Field Excursions in the Southeastern United States; Tollo, Richard P.; Aleinikoff, John N.; Mundil, Roland; Southworth, C. Scott; Cosca, Michael A.; Rankin, Douglas W.; Rubin, Allison E.; Kentner, Adrienne; Parendo, Christopher A.; Ray, Molly S.

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    Year Published: 2012

    Geologic framework for the national assessment of carbon dioxide storage resources

    The 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act (Public Law 110–140) directs the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to conduct a national assessment of potential geologic storage resources for carbon dioxide (CO2) and to consult with other Federal and State agencies to locate the pertinent geological data needed for the assessment. The geologic...

    Warwick, Peter D.; Corum, M.D.
    Geologic framework for the national assessment of carbon dioxide storage resources; 2012; OFR; 2012-1024; Edited by Warwick, Peter D.; Corum, Margo D.

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    Year Published: 2012

    Extraordinary distance limits of landslides triggered by the 2011 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake

    The 23 August 2011 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake (Mw 5.8) was the largest to strike the eastern U.S. since 1897 and was felt over an extraordinarily large area. Although no large landslides occurred, the shaking did trigger many rock and soil falls from steep river banks and natural cliffs in the epicentral area and from steep road cuts along, and...

    Jibson, Randall W.; Harp, Edwin L.
    Extraordinary distance limits of landslides triggered by the 2011 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake; 2012; Article; Journal; Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; Jibson, Randall W.; Harp, Edwin L.

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    Year Published: 2012

    South Fork Shenandoah River habitat-flow modeling to determine ecological and recreational characteristics during low-flow periods

    The ecological habitat requirements of aquatic organisms and recreational streamflow requirements of the South Fork Shenandoah River were investigated by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Central Shenandoah Valley Planning District Commission, the Northern Shenandoah Valley Regional Commission, and Virginia Commonwealth University...

    Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Ramey, R. Clay
    South Fork Shenandoah River habitat-flow modeling to determine ecological and recreational characteristics during low-flow periods; 2012; SIR; 2012-5081; Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Ramey, R. Clay

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    Year Published: 2012

    Spatial and temporal trends in runoff at long-term streamgages within and near the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

    Long-term streamflow data within the Chesapeake Bay watershed and surrounding area were analyzed in an attempt to identify trends in streamflow. Data from 30 streamgages near and within the Chesapeake Bay watershed were selected from 1930 through 2010 for analysis. Streamflow data were converted to runoff and trend slopes in percent change per...

    Rice, Karen C.; Hirsch, Robert M.
    Spatial and temporal trends in runoff at long-term streamgages within and near the Chesapeake Bay Watershed; 2012; SIR; 2012-5151; Rice, Karen C.; Hirsch, Robert M.

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    Year Published: 2012

    Comparison of base flows to selected streamflow statistics representative of 1930-2002 in West Virginia

    Base flows were compared with published streamflow statistics to assess climate variability and to determine the published statistics that can be substituted for annual and seasonal base flows of unregulated streams in West Virginia. The comparison study was done by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the West Virginia Department of...

    Wiley, Jeffrey B.
    Comparison of base flows to selected streamflow statistics representative of 1930-2002 in West Virginia; 2012; SIR; 2012-5121; Wiley, Jeffrey B.

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    Year Published: 2012

    Bathymetric contours of Breckenridge Reservoir, Quantico, Virginia

    Breckenridge Reservoir, built in 1938, is fed by Chopawamsic Creek and South Branch Chopawamsic Creek. The Reservoir is a main source of drinking water for the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) Base in Quantico, Virginia. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the USMC, conducted a bathymetric survey of Breckenridge Reservoir in March 2009...

    Wicklein, S.M.; Lotspeich, R.R.; Banks, R.B.
    Bathymetric contours of Breckenridge Reservoir, Quantico, Virginia; 2012; SIM; 3213; Wicklein, S.M.; Lotspeich, R.R.; Banks, R.B., III

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    Year Published: 2012

    Quality of water and bottom material in Breckenridge Reservoir, Virginia, September 2008 through August 2009

    Breckenridge Reservoir is located within the U.S. Marine Corps Base in Quantico, which is in the Potomac River basin and the Piedmont Physiographic Province of northern Virginia. Because it serves as the principal water supply for the U.S. Marine Corps Base in Quantico, an assessment of the water-quality of Breckenridge Reservoir was initiated....

    Lotspeich, Russell
    Quality of water and bottom material in Breckenridge Reservoir, Virginia, September 2008 through August 2009; 2012; OFR; 2011-1305; Lotspeich, Russell

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    Year Published: 2011

    Low-flow characteristics of Virginia streams

    Low-flow annual non-exceedance probabilities (ANEP), called probability-percent chance (P-percent chance) flow estimates, regional regression equations, and transfer methods are provided describing the low-flow characteristics of Virginia streams. Statistical methods are used to evaluate streamflow data. Analysis of Virginia streamflow data...

    Austin, Samuel H.; Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Wiegand, Ute
    Low-flow characteristics of Virginia streams; 2011; SIR; 2011-5143; Austin, Samuel H.; Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Wiegand, Ute

    Filter Total Items: 198
    Installing the linear potentiometer on the USGS Nansemond extensometer.
    March 27, 2018

    Installing the linear potentiometer on the USGS Nansemond extensometer

    Installing the linear potentiometer on the USGS Nansemond extensometer.

    Primary leukocytes have been isolated from experimental fish to evaluate functional immune responses
    March 22, 2018

    Primary leukocytes have been isolated from experimental fish

    Functional and Molecular Bioassay Laboratory — Kearneysville, West Virginia. Multiwell cell culture array

    March 15, 2018

    Projecting Climate Change Impacts on Wetland-Dependent Birds - YouTube

    Projections of climate and land use change can help inform the allocation of resources across space and among species. North Central CSC supported work in the Prairie Pothole Region highlighted a framework for projecting climate change impacts, and developed methods for assessing surrogate species relationships. Join this webinar to learn more about the degree to which

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station Garden City Elementary School
    February 27, 2018

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station Garden City Elementary School.

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station Garden City Elementary School.

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Mill Mountain Park
    February 22, 2018

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Mill Mountain Park

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Mill Mountain Park

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Shrine Hill Park
    February 9, 2018

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Shrine Hill Park

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Shrine Hill Park

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Roanoke Center for Industry and Technology at Blue Hills Drive
    February 8, 2018

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Roanoke Center for Industry and Te

    Roanoke VA Precipitation Station at Roanoke Center for Industry and Technology at Blue Hills Drive

    Monitoring at Little Stony Creek above Archer Trail near Pembroke, VA
    December 31, 2017

    Monitoring at Little Stony Creek above Archer Trail near Pembroke, VA

    Water monitoring at Little Stony Creek above Archer Trail near Pembroke, VA

    Monitoring Ramseys Draft at Route 716 near West Augusta
    December 31, 2017

    Monitoring Ramseys Draft at Route 716 near West Augusta

    Monitoring Ramseys Draft at Route 716 near West Augusta

    Monitoring Roanoke River along Route 626 at Lafayette, VA
    December 31, 2017

    Monitoring Roanoke River along Route 626 at Lafayette, VA

    Monitoring Roanoke River along Route 626 at Lafayette, VA

    Monitoring Spruce Creek at Route 627 near Nellysford, VA
    December 31, 2017

    Monitoring Spruce Creek at Route 627 near Nellysford, VA

    Monitoring Spruce Creek at Route 627 near Nellysford, VA

    Image of a new benchmark.
    December 31, 2017

    Image of a new monitoring benchmark

    Occupying a surveying benchmark.

    Filter Total Items: 259
    collage of scientists conducting science related to each mission are
    March 25, 2015

    Appalachian coal and petroleum resources are still available in sufficient quantities to contribute significantly to fulfilling the nation’s energy needs, according to a recent study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

    USGS
    March 12, 2015

    Excess fertilizer and manure applied to the Chesapeake Bay’s Eastern Shore are causing poor water-quality in streams that flow into the Bay, according to a new publication by the U.S. Geological Survey. 

    Image: Susquehanna River - Conowingo Dam
    February 18, 2015

    The Conowingo Dam on the Susquehanna River is at about 92 percent capacity for sediment storage according to new U.S. Geological Survey research.

    USGS science for a changing world logo
    February 10, 2015

    RESTON, Va.-- Aftershocks from the 2011 Virginia earthquake have helped scientists identify the previously unknown fault zone on which the earthquake occurred.

    USGS
    December 18, 2014

    Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced today that Interior’s Northeast Climate Science Center (NE CSC) is awarding nearly $700,000 to universities and other partners for research to guide managers of parks, refuges and other cultural and natural resources in planning how to help species and ecosystems adapt to climate change.

    Map showing magnetic data along the VA crossroad fault lines
    December 11, 2014

    The 2011 east coast earthquake felt by people from Georgia to Canada likely originated from a fault “junction” just outside of Mineral, Virginia, according to new U.S. Geological Survey research published in the Geological Society of America’s Special Papers.

    USGS
    October 15, 2014

    Three years after a magnitude 5.8 earthquake caused $25 million worth of damage to its pinnacles, buttresses and ceilings, the Washington National Cathedral will host earthquake experts from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and the Great ShakeOut earthquake drill. 

    USGS
    October 9, 2014

    A press conference will be held on October 14, 2014 in recognition of the upcoming International ShakeOut Day of Action. On October 16, nearly 25 million people (2 million in the SouthEast region) are expected to participate in the world’s largest earthquake drill.

    collage of scientists
    September 15, 2014

    Department of the Interior scientists are generating and sharing critical information to aid the recovery of the areas impacted by Hurricane Sandy, helping to protect our valuable coastal resources and to make communities more resilient against future extreme storms.

    USGS
    August 1, 2014

    Vital coastal storm-tide information needed to help guide storm response efforts following major storms affecting Virginia will be more accessible than ever due to a new monitoring network the U.S. Geological Survey is currently building.

    USGS
    June 25, 2014

    Announced on the one-year anniversary of President Obama’s Climate Action Plan (310 KB PDF; page 16 - Providing a Toolkit for Climage Resilience), a new “Land Carbon Viewer” allows users to see the land carbon storage and change in their ecosystems between 2005 and 2050 in the lower 48 states.

    USGS
    June 25, 2014

    On the one-year anniversary of President Obama’s Climate Action Plan, Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell today released a new report showing that forests, wetlands and farms in the eastern United States naturally store 300 million tons of carbon a year (1,100 million tons of CO2 equivalent).

    Filter Total Items: 57

    Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

    Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

    1730 East Parham Road
    Richmond, VA 23228

    Phone: (804) 261-2600
    Fax: (804) 261-2657

    VA WV Water