Unified Interior Regions

Virginia

Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. The Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of its Eastern Shore. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay.

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

1730 East Parham Road
Richmond, VA 23228

Phone: (804) 261-2600
Fax: (804) 261-2657

VA WV Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 136
Date published: November 14, 2018
Status: Active

Molecular Fingerprinting of Energy Materials

The chemical composition of complex solid organic matter (OM) from sedimentary reservoirs is a key parameter in the generation of hydrocarbon fuels. Vibrational spectroscopies such as Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman have been widely applied to understand the molecular make-up of these hydrocarbon precursors, as well as provide links to their thermal histories via correlation to...

Contacts: Aaron M Jubb
Date published: November 14, 2018
Status: Active

NORM Byproducts of Energy Resources

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) is found in waste produced during the extraction of uranium, phosphate, rare earth elements (REE), coal, oil and gas resources. The focus of this effort is to understand the potential for byproduct recovery of U-235 and Th-232, the fissionable isotopes used to generate nuclear energy from wastes produced during energy resource development. The...

Date published: November 14, 2018
Status: Active

Byproducts of Energy Fuels

This task provides detailed information on the use and resource potential of energy by-products, as well as controls on the potential mobility of contaminants resulting from transport, storage, and disposal of these byproducts. Specific topics investigated include 1) transport and fate of organic and inorganic contaminants during storage and disposal of waste coal and coal combustion...

Contacts: Allan Kolker
Date published: November 13, 2018
Status: Active

Maps of Energy Occurrence

The primary objective of this task is to produce digital maps coal-bearing areas and related energy sources and materials of the U.S., and internationally. The approach for creating GIS representations of energy sources of the U.S. and the world is to use existing geologic GIS data where possible, supplemented by data on location, rank and age from published maps and reports. Each GIS database...

Date published: November 13, 2018
Status: Active

Geochemistry of Energy Fuels Project

Since its establishment in 1879, USGS geoscientists have investigated the geochemistry of energy resources. Research conducted in the Geochemistry of Energy Fuels project continues this tradition. Goals include 1) understanding the geologic, geochemical, microbiological, and other factors that control production, quality, and composition of coal, petroleum, and nuclear fuels, and 2)...

Date published: November 13, 2018
Status: Active

Trace Elements in Energy Fuels

In this task we conduct new interpretive studies of the concentration and distribution of trace metals and mercury in coal and other energy materials. Complementary studies of coal combustion products are conducted under Task 8. Together with use of existing USGS databases, we examine the potential for reducing emissions of...

Contacts: Allan Kolker
Date published: November 12, 2018
Status: Active

Geological Investigations of the Neogene

More than a third of the United States population lives in counties directly on the shoreline, making them vulnerable to hazards associated with changing sea level and storm surges associated with hurricanes and severe storms. The geologic record contains many examples of past intervals of warm climate and high sea level. "Geological Investigation of the Neogene" is examining proxy records of...

Date published: November 8, 2018
Status: Active

Controls on Unconventional Oil and Gas Production

This scoping task incorporates insights from new approaches to production of unconventional resources and currently focuses on conducting a pilot assessment of biogenic natural gas resources in the Permian Basin. For the pilot assessment to occur, we are developing a database that will host geochemical parameters known to be suggestive of microbial methanogenesis mined to the reservoir level...

Date published: October 30, 2018
Status: Active

Strategic Communications for Land Remote Sensing- Timothy Stryker

Are you interested in communicating the value of science and technology?  Are you excited about the use of Earth observations to help solve society's most pressing problems?  If so, then come work with the USGS to advance the use of land imaging satellite observations with key stakeholders!

Date published: October 26, 2018
Status: Active

Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont Geologic Mapping

The Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont Geologic Mapping Task (BRIP) is the western focus of geologic mapping and framework studies of the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Project. BRIP will conduct modern geologic mapping and geologic framework studies in the Wytheville, Hickory and Boone 30x60-min. sheets. Collectively, the objectives of BRIP are to (1) characterize the geologic framework of the Blue Ridge...

Contacts: Arthur Merschat
Date published: October 25, 2018
Status: Active

Operationalizing Crowdsourcing and Open Innovation for Emergency Management through Data & Tool Standardization- Sophia Liu

This interagency (USGS, FEMA, USACE) pilot project is a unique opportunity to investigate how to operationalize crowdsourcing and open innovation for emergency management through the standardization of data and tools. Help design a playbook, and organize workshops and hackathons with key innovators and open data experts across the government.

Date published: October 25, 2018
Status: Active

Linking Irma storm signatures to the Holocene sediment record for South Florida- Lynn Wingard

South Florida’s proximity to sea level makes Miami and the Everglades ecosystem vulnerable to storm surge.  Sediment cores document past rates of sea level rise, but past storm signatures are difficult to identify. Development of modern calibration datasets will provide information to interpret past storm records and help urban planners and resource managers prepare for the future.

Filter Total Items: 45
Date published: November 24, 2014

Airborne Geophysical Surveys over the 2011 Mineral, Virginia, Earthquake Area

The 2011 moment magnitude (Mw) 5.8 central Virginia earthquake was felt by millions of people and caused significant damage in the eastern United States. As part of efforts to better understand the faults and geologic features associated with the earthquake, the U.S. Geological Survey commissioned airborne geophysical surveys over the epicentral area. The surveys were conducted from July 15...

Filter Total Items: 97
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Year Published: 2014

Frequency-dependent seismic attenuation in the eastern United States as observed from the 2011 central Virginia earthquake and aftershock sequence

Ground shaking due to earthquakes in the eastern United States (EUS) is felt at significantly greater distances than in the western United States (WUS) and for some earthquakes it has been shown to display a strong preferential direction. Shaking intensity variation can be due to propagation path effects, source directivity, and/or site...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Gee, Lind; Benz, Harley M.; Chapman, Martin

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Year Published: 2014

Coastal storm monitoring in Virginia

Coastal communities in Virginia are prone to flooding, particularly during hurricanes, nor’easters, and other coastal low-pressure systems. These weather systems affect public safety, personal and public property, and valuable infrastructure, such as transportation, water and sewer, and electric-supply networks. Local emergency managers, utility...

Wicklein, Shaun M.; Bennett, Mark
Coastal storm monitoring in Virginia; 2014; GIP; 156; Wicklein, Shaun M.; Bennett, Mark R.

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Year Published: 2014

From headwaters to coast: Influence of human activities on water quality of the Potomac River Estuary

The natural aging process of Chesapeake Bay and its tributary estuaries has been accelerated by human activities around the shoreline and within the watershed, increasing sediment and nutrient loads delivered to the bay. Riverine nutrients cause algal growth in the bay leading to reductions in light penetration with consequent declines in sea...

Bricker, Suzanne B.; Rice, Karen C.; Bricker, Owen P.
From headwaters to coast: Influence of human activities on water quality of the Potomac River Estuary; 2014; Article; Journal; Aquatic Geochemistry; Bricker, Suzanne B.; Rice, Karen C.; Bricker, Owen P., III

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Year Published: 2014

Ground-motion site effects from multimethod shear-wave velocity characterization at 16 seismograph stations deployed for aftershocks of the August 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake

We characterize shear-wave velocity versus depth (Vs profile) at 16 portable seismograph sites through the epicentral region of the 2011 Mw 5.8 Mineral (Virginia, USA) earthquake to investigate ground-motion site effects in the area. We used a multimethod acquisition and analysis approach, where active-source horizontal shear (SH) wave...

Stephenson, William J.; Odum, Jackson K.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Williams, Robert A.; Angster, Stephen J

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Year Published: 2014

The Mw 5.8 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake of August 2011 and aftershock sequence: constraints on earthquake source parameters and fault geometry

The Mw 5.8 earthquake of 23 August 2011 (17:51:04 UTC) (moment, M0 5.7×1017  N·m) occurred near Mineral, Virginia, within the central Virginia seismic zone and was felt by more people than any other earthquake in United States history. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) received 148,638 felt reports from 31 states and 4 Canadian provinces. The USGS...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Benz, H.M.; Herrmann, Robert B.; Bergman, Eric A.; Earle, Paul; Meltzer, Anne; Withers, Mitch; Chapman, Martin
The Mw 5.8 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake of August 2011 and aftershock sequence: constraints on earthquake source parameters and fault geometry; 2014; Article; Journal; Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; McNamara, Daniel E.; Benz, H. M.; Herrmann, R. B.; Bergman, E. A.; Earle, Paul; Meltzer, Anne; Withers, Mitch; Chapman, Martin

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Year Published: 2013

Land subsidence and relative sea-level rise in the southern Chesapeake Bay region

The southern Chesapeake Bay region is experiencing land subsidence and rising water levels due to global sea-level rise; land subsidence and rising water levels combine to cause relative sea-level rise. Land subsidence has been observed since the 1940s in the southern Chesapeake Bay region at rates of 1.1 to 4.8 millimeters per year (mm/yr), and...

Eggleston, Jack; Pope, Jason
Land subsidence and relative sea-level rise in the southern Chesapeake Bay region; 2013; CIR; 1392; Eggleston, Jack; Pope, Jason

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Year Published: 2013

Water quality, sediment characteristics, aquatic habitat, geomorphology, and mussel population status of the Clinch River, Virginia and Tennessee, 2009-2011

Chemical, physical, and biological data were collected during 2009-2011 as part of a study of the Clinch River in Virginia and Tennessee. The data from this study, data-collection methods, and laboratory analytical methods used in the study are documented in this report. The study was conducted to describe the conditions of the Clinch River and to...

Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Johnson, Gregory C.; Ostby, Brett J.K.
Water quality, sediment characteristics, aquatic habitat, geomorphology, and mussel population status of the Clinch River, Virginia and Tennessee, 2009-2011; 2013; DS; 802; Krstolic, Jennifer L; Johnson, Gregory C; Ostby, Brett J. K.

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Year Published: 2013

Rupture model of the 2011 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake from teleseismic and regional waveforms

We independently invert teleseismic P waveforms and regional crustal phases to examine the finite fault slip model for the 2011 Mw 5.8 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake. Theoretical and empirical Green's functions are used for the teleseismic and regional models, respectively. Both solutions show two distinct sources each about 2 km across...

Hartzell, Stephen H.; Mendoza, Carlos; Zeng, Yuehua
Rupture model of the 2011 Mineral, Virginia, earthquake from teleseismic and regional waveforms; 2013; Article; Journal; Geophysical Research Letters; Hartzell, Stephen; Mendoza, Carlos; Zeng, Yuehua

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Year Published: 2013

Quantifying groundwater’s role in delaying improvements to Chesapeake Bay water quality

A study has been undertaken to determine the time required for the effects of nitrogen-reducing best management practices (BMPs) implemented at the land surface to reach the Chesapeake Bay via groundwater transport to streams. To accomplish this, a nitrogen mass-balance regression (NMBR) model was developed and applied to seven watersheds on the...

Sanford, Ward E.; Pope, Jason P.

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Year Published: 2013

Sediment distribution and hydrologic conditions of the Potomac aquifer in Virginia and parts of Maryland and North Carolina

Sediments of the heavily used Potomac aquifer broadly contrast across major structural features of the Atlantic Coastal Plain Physiographic Province in eastern Virginia and adjacent parts of Maryland and North Carolina. Thicknesses and relative dominance of the highly interbedded fluvial sediments vary regionally. Vertical intervals in boreholes...

McFarland, Randolph E.
Sediment distribution and hydrologic conditions of the Potomac aquifer in Virginia and parts of Maryland and North Carolina; 2013; SIR; 2013–5116; McFarland, E. Randolph

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Year Published: 2013

Synthesis and interpretation of surface-water quality and aquatic biota data collected in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, 1979-2009

Shenandoah National Park in northern and central Virginia protects 777 square kilometers of mountain terrain in the Blue Ridge physiographic province and more than 90 streams containing diverse aquatic biota. Park managers and visitors are interested in the water quality of park streams and its ability to support healthy coldwater communities...

Jastram, John D.; Snyder, Craig D.; Hitt, Nathaniel P.; Rice, Karen C.
Synthesis and interpretation of surface-water quality and aquatic biota data collected in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, 1979-2009; 2013; SIR; 2013-5157; Jastram, John D.; Snyder, Craig D.; Hitt, Nathaniel P.; Rice, Karen C.

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Year Published: 2013

National assessment of geologic carbon dioxide storage resources: data

In 2012, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) completed the national assessment of geologic carbon dioxide storage resources. Its data and results are reported in three publications: the assessment data publication (this report), the assessment results publication (U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Resources Assessment Team,...

National assessment of geologic carbon dioxide storage resources: data; 2013; DS; 774; U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Resources Assessment Team

Filter Total Items: 194
Scientists are collecting core samples from the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia
May 8, 2018

Great Dismal Swamp

Scientists are collecting core samples from the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia to understand natural conditions before centuries of ditching, draining and harvesting. This is a collaborative project between the USGS and the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. This project will help managers understand how this system has changed in order to better manage and

...
Scientists are collecting core samples from the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia
May 8, 2018

Great Dismal Swamp

Scientists are collecting core samples from the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia to understand natural conditions before centuries of ditching, draining and harvesting. This is a collaborative project between the USGS and the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. This project will help managers understand how this system has changed in order to better manage and

...
Photograph of the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia
May 8, 2018

The Great Dismal Swamp

Photograph of the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia.

Photograph of the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia
May 8, 2018

The Great Dismal Swamp

Photograph of the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia.

A solitary tree trunk stands amongst the devastation of the 2011 fire in Great Dismal Swamp, VA.
May 7, 2018

Great Dismal Swamp, 2018

Photograph of the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia several years after the 2011 fire. USGS scientists recently collected peat and lake core samples from the swamp to help reconstruct natural environmental conditions over the past 12,000 years.

This project will help managers understand how this system has changed in order to better manage and restore it. Restoring the

...
The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer with a total depth of 1,960 feet.
May 3, 2018

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer (59D 39) with a total depth of 1,

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer with a total depth of 1,960 feet.

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer with a total depth of 1,960 feet.
May 3, 2018

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer.

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer (59D 39) with a total depth of 1,960 feet.

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer.
May 3, 2018

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer.

The USGS Nansemond pipe extensometer (59D 39) showing the triangular table in green and the instrument bridge in yellow above the extensometer. The piers that support the table extend down 65 feet. The movement of the table relative to the extensometer is how land-surface movement is measured.

The USGS Nansemond research station.
May 1, 2018

The USGS Nansemond research station

The USGS Nansemond research station. The Nansemond extensometer (59D 39) is located in the tan building.  The surficial aquifer observation well (59D 40) is located in the green standpipe on the left, the lower (59D 34) and middle (59D 35) Potomac aquifer observation wells are in the middle green standpipe, and the upper (59D 36) Potomac aquifer and Piney Point (59D 37)

...
April 26, 2018

National Liaison Committee Meeting: Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)

In this video, three speakers explain U.S. Geological Survey research on harmful algal blooms (HABs) and the nutrients that cause these toxic emerald-green blooms in the Nation’s lakes, reservoirs, and coastal waters. Jennifer Graham and Tom Stiles discuss how USGS science is contributing to the development of early warning systems and predictive tools to guide management

Virginia analog dial gage and a digital linear potentiometer (blue barrel) used to measure land-surface movement.
April 3, 2018

Virginia analog dial gage and a digital linear potentiometer

Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center's analog dial gage and a digital linear potentiometer (blue barrel) used to measure land-surface movement in response to aquifer system deformation at the USGS Nansemond extensometer. The potentiometer is the primary instrument for the extensometer with a resolution of about 0.00001 feet (0.003048 millimeters) and a travel

...
An analog dial gage (left) and a digital linear potentiometer (right with blue barrel).
April 3, 2018

Analog dial gage (left) and a digital linear potentiometer (right)

An analog dial gage (left) and a digital linear potentiometer (right with blue barrel) used to measure land-surface movement in response to aquifer system deformation at the USGS Nansemond extensometer. The potentiometer is the primary instrument for the extensometer with a resolution of about 0.00001 feet (0.003048 millimeters) and a travel range of 0.328084 feet (100

...
Filter Total Items: 258
Image: Chesapeake Bay osprey chicks mostly healthy despite toxic exposure
April 4, 2016

The world's largest breeding population of ospreys is coping well with the long-lasting residues of toxic chemicals that were banned decades ago but remain in the Chesapeake Bay food chain at varying levels, such as the pesticide DDT and insulating chemicals known as PCBs.

collage of scientists conducting science related to each mission are
March 14, 2016

Much of the coast from Maine to Virginia is more likely to change than to simply drown in response to rising seas during the next 70 years or so, according to a new study led by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 17, 2016

USGS scientists have detected toxins known as microcystins produced by various forms of algae in 39 percent of the small streams assessed throughout the southeastern United States. Their recent study looked at 75 streams in portions of Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia.

Visualize Your Water EPA logo
January 13, 2016

Today, the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announce Visualize Your Water, a citizen science challenge for high school students who live in the Great Lakes basin and Chesapeake Bay watershed. 

Screenshot of portal entry page
October 2, 2015

As the path of Hurricane Joaquin continues to move farther offshore, making landfall in the U.S. less likely, U.S. Geological Survey coastal change experts say there’s still a high probability of dune erosion along parts of the Atlantic coast, from the North Carolina Outer Banks to Cape Cod.

USGS scientist deploying sensor
October 1, 2015

USGS field crews will be out deploying storm tide sensors along the Virginia coast near Virginia Beach, along the Western Chesapeake Bay, and on the Eastern Shore ahead of Hurricane Joaquin. Storm tide sensors measure the tidal fluctuations and height of the tide relative to land surface.

USGS
September 10, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Accomack County, the Town of Saxis and the Town of Chincoteague has installed two new tide gauge stations at the Saxis Marina and Chincoteague Marina to help emergency planners protect the shorelines of the Eastern Shore.

USGS
August 10, 2015

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Fort Monroe Authority, has installed a new tide gauge station at Fort Monroe to help emergency planners protect the shorelines in the Hampton Roads region.

USGS
June 29, 2015

Interior Department’s Northeast Climate Science Center has released a report today synthesizing the latest information on the vulnerability of species and ecosystems to climate change in a 22-state region in the Northeast and Midwest U.S.

Filter Total Items: 57

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

1730 East Parham Road
Richmond, VA 23228

Phone: (804) 261-2600
Fax: (804) 261-2657

VA WV Water