Unified Interior Regions

Wisconsin

Through advanced research and long-term monitoring, three Wisconsin-based USGS centers-the National Wildlife Health Center, the Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, and the Upper Midwest Water Science Center-provide the scientific information needed by managers, decision makers, and the public to protect, enhance, and restore ecosystems, water resources, and wildlife health in the Midwest.

National Wildlife Health Center

National Wildlife Health Center
Science Center Link

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Science Center Link

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 62
Date published: February 26, 2019
Status: Completed

September 2016 Northern Plains Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the September 2016 Northern Plains Floods when more than 12 inches of rain fell in northeast Iowa, southeast Minnesota, and southwest Wisconsin during a 24-hour period on September 22 and 23, 2016.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

April-May 2013 Midwest Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the April-May 2013 Midwest Floods caused by heavy rainfall and late snow-melt in six states.

Date published: February 24, 2019
Status: Active

Kalamazoo River pre-dam removal geomorphology study

The Kalamazoo River, a federal Superfund site, contains sediments contaminated with PCBs from historical paper mills. Dam control and erosion has exposed and mobilized the contaminated sediment, transporting and depositing it downstream. This study determined the historical geomorphic changes, measured bank stability, and evaluated the potential effects of future dam failure and removal...

Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Wisconsin hydraulic geometry regional curves

The USGS is helping develop regional regression curves that relate channel geometry characteristics with streamflow and basin characteristics to improve the design of channel restoration projects for small, ungaged streams with limited data and streamflow relations.

Date published: February 21, 2019
Status: Completed

Winnebago pool lakes: Hydrology, water quality, and response to simulated changes in phosphorus loading

The Winnebago Pool Lakes are shallow, productive drainage lakes that have accumulated nutrients from its mixed agricultural/forest watershed and from the Fox River. High phosphorus concentrations often result in severe blue-green algae blooms that can produce harmful toxins. The USGS is evaluating the water quality and phosphorus budget of each lake and modeling eutrophication responses.

Date published: February 20, 2019
Status: Active

Green Lake and its tributaries: Water quality and hydrology

Green Lake is the deepest natural inland lake in Wisconsin. Through time its water quality has degraded, with relatively high phosphorus concentrations and zones of hypoxia. This project is quantifying the water quality of the lake and its tributaries, and it will provide information to help guide efforts to improve the lake.

Date published: February 19, 2019
Status: Completed

Anvil Lake: Response of lake water quality to changes in nutrient loading, with special emphasis on the effects of changes in water level

Anvil Lake is a relatively shallow, high-quality lake whose water level has dropped dramatically in recent years, adversely affecting the recreational and aesthetic values of the lake. The USGS is developing detailed water and phosphorus budgets, determining groundwater contributions, modeling likely responses to changes in phosphorus loading, and assessing the effect of climate on water...

Date published: February 18, 2019
Status: Completed

Delavan Lake: Hydrology, water quality, and biology

Eutrophication of Delavan Lake accelerated from the 1940s to 1980s, resulting in a hypereutrophic lake with severe blue-green algae blooms. Extensive rehabilitation efforts were implemented to improve water quality. The USGS measured nutrients, suspended sediment, water quality, and plankton populations to quantify the effectiveness of rehabilitation efforts and guide future management...

Date published: February 17, 2019
Status: Active

Geneva Lake: Water quality, hydrology, and biology

To reduce the impact of increasing urban development and recreational use on Geneva Lake, efforts are being made to decrease point- and nonpoint-source pollution inputs. To document Geneva Lake's water quality, the USGS collected water-quality data and developed empirical eutrophication models to demonstrate that reductions in phosphorus loading were related to water-quality improvements.

Date published: February 15, 2019
Status: Completed

Pioneer Farm bank erosion study

Riparian grazing allows cattle free access to streams, but may accelerate erosion by the removal or trampling of vegetation. This study measured stream bank erosion, channel morphology, and stream substrate through seven experimental intensive-rotational pastures. It also evaluated the use of photo-electronic erosion pins (PEEPs) for measuring bank erosion in this type of geomorphic setting....

Date published: February 14, 2019
Status: Completed

Bayfield tributaries geomorphic assessment for restoration

Lake Superior tributaries in Bayfield County, Wis., have accelerated erosion and sedimentation influenced by changing land use, steep slopes, erodible soils, and flashy runoff. This project assessed the geomorpology of five tributaries, identified problem areas, and assessed rehabilitation alternatives and watershed management strategies specifically related to the rehabilitation of brook...

Date published: February 12, 2019
Status: Active

Water quality of the lower Fox River tributaries and Duck Creek watersheds

The USGS is evaluating the effectiveness of non-point pollution control measures in five watersheds in the Lower Fox River and Duck Creek watersheds and comparing daily phosphorus and suspended solids loads for each watershed.

Filter Total Items: 34
Date published: April 8, 2016

FishVis Mapper

The FishVis Mapper is the product of an Upper Midwest and Great Lakes LCC project, “A Regional Decision Support Tool for Identifying Vulnerabilities of Riverine Habitat and Fishes to Climate Change” that developed an approach for predicting fish species occurrence under current climate conditions and project how fish species occurrence may change under future climate conditions.

Date published: April 4, 2016

Green Lake monitoring locations

Map of monitoring locations (with links to data) on Green Lake and its tributaries.

Date published: April 3, 2016

Anvil Lake monitoring locations

Map of monitoring locations (with links to data) on Anvil Lake.

Date published: April 2, 2016

Delavan Lake monitoring locations

Map of monitoring locations (with links to data) on Delavan Lake and its tributaries.

Date published: April 2, 2016

Bad River Groundwater Model Mapper

The Bad River Groundwater Model Mapper accompanies the report "Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions in the Bad River Watershed, Wisconsin". The mapper displays model inputs such as aquifer recharge and hydraulic conductivity; outputs including water-table elevations, groundwater-flow directions, and stream baseflows; and the results of an analysis evaluating potential monitoring well...

Date published: April 1, 2016

Wisconsin Active Groundwater-Level Network

The Active Groundwater Level Network contains water levels and well information that have been measured by the USGS or its cooperators at least once within the past 365 days. This network includes all of these wells, regardless of measurement frequency, aquifer monitored, or the monitoring objective.

Date published: April 1, 2016

Wisconsin Real-Time Groundwater-Level Network

The Real-Time Groundwater Level Network contains data typically recorded at 15-60 minute intervals, stored onsite, and then transmitted to USGS offices every 1 to 4 hours, depending on the data relay technique used. Recording and transmission times may be more frequent during critical events. All real-time data are provisional and subject to revision.

Date published: April 1, 2016

Wisconsin Climate Response Groundwater-Level Network

The Climate Response Groundwater-Level Network portrays the effect of climate on groundwater levels in unconfined aquifers or near-surface confined aquifers that are minimally affected by pumping or other anthropogenic stresses.

Date published: April 1, 2016

Geneva Lake monitoring locations

Map of monitoring locations (with links to data) on Geneva Lake.

Date published: March 4, 2016

Long Term Resource Monitoring

This web resource provides decision makers with the information needed to maintain the Upper Mississippi River System as a viable multiple-use large river ecosystem.

Filter Total Items: 27
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1987

Estimated use of ground water for irrigation in Wisconsin, 1984

The flow from a sample of 143 irrigation wells from 6 irrigation areas in Wisconsin was measured using an external flowmeter during the 1983-84 irrigation seasons. The measured pumpages were correlated with reported pumpages. The equation that describes this correlation is Q(sub)m = 0.86 x Q(sub)r where Q(sub)m is the measured pumpage and Q(sub)r...

Krohelski, J.T.; Ellefson, B.R.; Storlie, C.A.
Estimated use of ground water for irrigation in Wisconsin, 1984; 1987; WRI; 86-4079; Krohelski, J. T.; Ellefson, B. R.; Storlie, C. A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1987

Water use in Wisconsin, 1985

An inventory of water use in Wisconsin is essential for appraising current and future water-resource needs of the State. The U.S. Geological Survey has collected and published national water-use data every 5 years since 1950. Sources of data in these reports have not always been well documented, and the methods for collecting and reporting the...

Ellefson, B.R.; Rury, K.S.; Krohelski, J.T.
Water use in Wisconsin, 1985; 1987; OFR; 87-699; Ellefson, B. R.; Rury, K. S.; Krohelski, J. T.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1982

Water use in Wisconsin, 1979

This report summarizes the uses of water in Wisconsin for 1979, except aesthetics, navigation, and recreational use. The greatest single use of water, an instream use, was for hydroelectric power production. About 26 trillion gallons, or 93 percent, was used for this purpose. Of the other 7 percent where water is pumped to a different location, 81...

Lawrence, C.L.; Ellefson, B.R.
Water use in Wisconsin, 1979; 1982; WRI; 82-444; Lawrence, C. L.; Ellefson, B. R.

Filter Total Items: 178
A brown newt on green moss.
May 31, 2019

Newt spotted during fieldwork in Wisconsin

A newt seen during fieldwork in Wisconsin sampling newts for Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) an emerging fungal pathogen.

Lamprey Wound Seminar Participants
May 21, 2019

Scientists Examine Sea Lamprey Wound Characteristics

Tribal, state, and federal fisheries professionals classifying sea lamprey wounds on lake trout at a workshop in Red Cliff, Wisconsin.

May 2, 2019

Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework: Model Overview

This animation is the third video in a series explaining different aspects of the Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework (PAMF). This video focuses on the machine learning model that PAMF uses to systematically learn from participant's data and then provide site-specific management guidance in return. More information about PAMF can be found at our websites:

Scientist collecting homeowner water sample
April 30, 2019

Joel Stokdyk collecting homeowner water sample

USGS scientist Joel Stokdyk collects a homeowner water sample in April 2019.

April 16, 2019

Variable Warming Upper Midwest Lakes and Implications for Sport Fish

Climate change is predicted to alter sport fish communities in Midwestern lakes, but managers currently have limited information on individual lakes that can be used to set local expectations or intervene with mitigation strategies. Northeast and North Central CASC supported researchers, with strong participation from the Midwest Glacial Lakes Partnership, have combined

A storm drain that periodically discharges urban runoff
February 28, 2019

A storm drain that periodically discharges urban runoff

A storm drain that periodically discharges urban runoff, potentially carrying sediment and pollutants, into Oak Creek at 15th Avenue near a USGS gage.

Image from an application that navigates users through USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces
November 14, 2018

National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces

This is a graphic from the USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Explorer application, which allows user to drill into 70 oil and gas assessment provinces throughout the United States.

Bank erosion along an upstream reach of the Kinnickinnic River
October 25, 2018

Bank erosion along an upstream reach of the Kinnickinnic River

Bank erosion along an upstream reach of the Kinnickinnic River, October 2018.

Wide angle view of scientists in boat on Hells Canyon Reservoir
September 27, 2018

Panoramic view of scientists in boat on Hells Canyon Reservoir

Panoramic view of scientists in boat on Hells Canyon Reservoir, Idaho

Algal sampling and removal of subsample
September 27, 2018

Algal sampling and removal of subsample

USGS scientist removing attached algae from a defined surface area on one of multiple rocks collected in riffles at a stream site.

Algal sampling after removal of subsample
September 27, 2018

Algal sampling after removal of subsample

Close-up view of defined area of a rock cobble (middle) where attached algae and other material were removed with a brush. Rocks from multiple locations at a site are composited into a single sample representing the stream site.

Invertebrate sampling
September 27, 2018

Invertebrate sampling

USGS scientist collecting one of five subsamples of aquatic invertebrates from a stream riffle by removing invertebrates from a defined area and collecting them with a Surber net. Each subsample is transferred to a bucket for compositing into a single sample for the site.

Filter Total Items: 118
Little Plover River Wells
April 6, 2017

Both irrigation wells and municipal wells affect flows in the Little Plover River near Plover, Wisconsin, stretches of which ran dry in past years, according to a new scientific report.

River with blue reflection, in late summer, leaves just starting to turn from green to gold.
March 2, 2017

Human and bovine, or cattle, viruses were detected in a small percentage of some Great Lakes Basin streams, with human viruses more prevalent in urban streams and bovine viruses more common in streams in agricultural areas, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey-led study.

Tail of white sucker fish with tumors
August 25, 2016

There is an elevated incidence of skin and liver tumors among White Suckers caught in certain Wisconsin rivers that flow into Lake Michigan according to a U.S. Geological Survey study recently published in the Journal of Fish Diseases.

Photo of a USGS scientist measuring of flow of water around the barge in Illinois.
June 14, 2016

When a moving barge encounters small fish in the Illinois Waterway there is a possibility that the fish will become trapped in the gap between barges, according to a new study by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey.

Filter Total Items: 102

National Wildlife Health Center

National Wildlife Health Center
Science Center Link

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Science Center Link