Unified Interior Regions

Wisconsin

Through advanced research and long-term monitoring, three Wisconsin-based USGS centers-the National Wildlife Health Center, the Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, and the Upper Midwest Water Science Center-provide the scientific information needed by managers, decision makers, and the public to protect, enhance, and restore ecosystems, water resources, and wildlife health in the Midwest.

National Wildlife Health Center

National Wildlife Health Center
Science Center Link

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Science Center Link

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 61
Date published: April 3, 2019
Status: Active

Monitoring and predicting the impacts of trees on urban stormwater volume reduction

Much has been learned about how effectively individual green infrastructure practices can reduce stormwater volume, however, the role of urban trees in stormwater detention is poorly understood. This study will quantify the effect of tree removal on the urban hydrologic cycle and measure the impact that trees have on stormwater runoff volume.

Contacts: William R Selbig, Steve Loheid, Bill Shuster, Dave Nowak
Date published: April 2, 2019
Status: Active

Using leaf collection and street cleaning to reduce nutrients in urban stormwater

Decaying organic materials, like leaf litter, can release excess nutrients into local streams and lakes, causing eutrophication and algal blooms. To determine if a municipal leaf collection and street cleaning program can reduce nutrients in stormwater runoff, the USGS measured phosphorus and nitrogen in stormwater from residential areas in Madison, Wis.

Contacts: William R Selbig, Greg Fries, Phil Gaebler, Paul Dearlove, Christal Campbell, Casey Eggelston, Stephen McCracken
Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Little St. Germain Lake: Phosphorus loading, winter anoxia, and stage regulation

Little St. Germain Lake, Wis., consists of four main basins separated by narrows. This study monitored lake water quality, identified phosphorus sources, determined spatial and temporal distribution of oxygen, evaluated the effectiveness of winter aeration systems, and modeled groundwater/lake-water interactions.

Date published: March 23, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring: Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI)

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which threaten the health of the Great Lakes. The USGS supports these efforts by utilizing edge-of-field monitoring to assess the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluate conservation practices that aim to reduce sediment and nutrient loss....

Date published: March 18, 2019
Status: Completed

Evaluating the potential benefits of permeable pavement on the quantity and quality of stormwater runoff

Permeable pavement is a porous urban surface which catches precipitation and surface runoff, storing it in the reservoir while slowly allowing it to infiltrate into the soil below. This study will evaluate how well different types of permeable pavement reduces the amount of pollutants and runoff volume.

Date published: March 17, 2019
Status: Completed

Evaluating the impacts of aircraft deicers in runoff from General Mitchell International Airport, Milwaukee, Wis.

Chemicals used to deice planes at General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee may be entering nearby streams in concentrations that may be harmful to aquatic life. This project will investigate the toxicity of decing chemicals, evaluate their impact on receiving streams, and assess changes in water quality in response to the implementation of deicer management at General Mitchell...

Contacts: Steven R Corsi
Date published: March 16, 2019
Status: Active

Dane County water-quality monitoring program

Many Dane County, Wis., streams and lakes have been degraded due to excessive nutrients and sediment contributed primarily by agriculture and urbanization. The goal is to build a long-term base of streamflow, lake stage, and water-quality data essential for water-resource planning and assessment purposes for streams and lakes in Dane County, with a focus on the Yahara River Basin.

Date published: March 15, 2019
Status: Completed

Beach health in Wisconsin

Beach water-quality (beach health) data are collected for both coastal and inland Wisconsin beaches. These data are collected and analyzed by multiple agencies throughout Wisconsin including local health departments, universities, state agencies, and federal agencies including the USGS.

Contacts: Steven R Corsi
Date published: March 14, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring: Discovery Farms

The USGS is cooperating with Discovery Farms to understand agriculture’s impact on the environment and help producers find ways to minimize their impact while remaining economically viable. Edge-of-field or subsurface tile monitoring stations measure runoff-event volume, including snowmelt, and collect samples which are analyzed for suspended sediment, phosphorus, nitrogen, and chloride.

Date published: March 13, 2019
Status: Active

Measuring Suspended-Sediment Concentrations, Grain Sizes and Bedload using Acoustic Doppler Velocity Meters and Echologgers in the Lower Chippewa River, Wisconsin

Sediment from the Chippewa River deposits in the Mississippi River navigation channel, sometimes disrupting commercial barge traffic and resulting in expensive and ecologically disruptive dredging operations. The USGS is using new applications of hydroacoustic technologies to better understand sediment transport in the Chippewa River and associated effects on commercial navigation.

Date published: March 6, 2019
Status: Active

WinSLAMM (Source Loading And Management Model): An urban area nonpoint source water-quality model for Wisconsin

The WinSLAMM model is used to identify sources of pollutants in urban stormwater runoff and to evaluate management alternatives for reducing pollutants. USGS studies provide stormwater flow and pollutant-concentration data for calibrating and verifying WinSLAMM for use in Wisconsin.

Date published: February 27, 2019
Status: Active

Bad River watershed assessments

The Bad River has one of the highest sediment loads of all Lake Superior tributaries and is an important resource for lake sturgeon and the Bad River Tribe. This study monitors the effects of streamflow variability on sediment-related problems, including understanding the influence of land cover on hydrology, habitat, erosion and sedimentation rates, and water quality of the Bad River.

Filter Total Items: 34
Date published: January 1, 2018

X-ray diffraction data from the Ironwood Iron-Formation, Gogebic Iron Range, Wisconsin, USA (ver. 2.0, April 2019)

This worksheet displays the results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses of samples from the Ironwood Iron-Formation. Samples were analyzed using a PANalytical X'Pert Pro diffractometer using Co radiation and the results interpreted using Highscore Plus v.4.5. Mineral abundances were determined by Rietveld refinement.

Date published: September 1, 2017

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Date published: March 8, 2017

Application of Wind Fetch and Wave Models for Habitat Rehabilitation and Enhancement Projects - 2012 Update

Models based upon coastal engineering equations have been developed to quantify wind fetch length and several physical wave characteristics including significant height, length, peak period, maximum orbital velocity, and shear stress.

Date published: September 1, 2016

Sampled Sites for the U.S. Geological Survey Midwest Stream Quality Assessment

In 2013, the first of several Regional Stream Quality Assessments (RSQA) was done in the Midwest United States. The Midwest Stream Quality Assessment (MSQA) was a collaborative study by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA), the USGS Columbia Environmental Research Center, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) National

Date published: April 20, 2016

Structures Data

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations....

Date published: April 19, 2016

The United States Interagency Elevation Inventory (USIEI)

The USIEI is a comprehensive, nationwide listing of known high-accuracy topographic and bathymetric data for the United States and its territories. The project is a collaborative effort of the USGS and NOAA with contributions from other federal agencies. The inventory supports the 3D Elevation Program and the Integrated Ocean and Coastal Mapping effort. This resource is updated in Spring and...

Date published: April 19, 2016

Elevation Data

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Date published: April 16, 2016

Water-quality and lake-stage data reports for Wisconsin lakes

The purpose of these reports is to provide information about the chemical and physical characteristics of Wisconsin lakes. Data that have been collected at specific lakes, and information to aid in the interpretation of those data, are included in these reports.

Date published: April 12, 2016

Orthoimagery Data

Orthoimagery data typically are high resolution aerial images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a planimetric map. The National Map offers public domain, 1-meter orthoimagery for the conterminous United States with many urban areas and other locations at 2-foot or finer resolution.

Date published: April 12, 2016

The National Map Small-Scale Collection

The National Map offers a collection of small-scale datasets, most of which are at 1:1,000,000. The National Map publishes two data collections at one million-scale: one for Global Map users and one for National Map users. In terms of vector geometry, the lines, points, and areas in these data collections are identical. The difference is in the attributes assigned to these features.

Filter Total Items: 27
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Year Published: 2010

Habitat selection and abundance of young-of-year smallmouth bass in north temperate lakes

Habitat use during early life history plays an important role in the ecology of smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu in north temperate lakes. The highest levels of mortality occur during the first year of life, and the habitat selected probably affects mortality. We used resource selection functions and abundance data from two northern...

Brown, Peter James; Bozek, Michael A.

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Year Published: 2010

Response of aquatic macrophytes to human land use perturbations in the watersheds of Wisconsin lakes, U.S.A.

Aquatic macrophyte communities were assessed in 53 lakes in Wisconsin, U.S.A. along environmental and land use development gradients to determine effects human land use perturbations have on aquatic macrophytes at the watershed and riparian development scales. Species richness and relative frequency were surveyed in lakes from two ecoregions: the...

Sass, Laura L.; Bozek, Michael A.; Hauxwell, Jennifer A.; Wagner, Kelly; Knight, Susan
Response of aquatic macrophytes to human land use perturbations in the watersheds of Wisconsin lakes, U.S.A.; 2010; Article; Journal; Aquatic Botany; Sass, L. L.; Bozek, M. A.; Hauxwell, J. A.; Wagner, K.; Knight, S.

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Year Published: 2009

Water Use in Wisconsin, 2005

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Wisconsin Water Science Center is responsible for presenting data collected or estimated for water withdrawals and diversions every 5 years to the National Water-Use Information Program (NWUIP). This program serves many purposes such as quantifying how much, where, and for what purpose water is used; tracking and...

Buchwald, Cheryl A.
Water Use in Wisconsin, 2005; 2009; OFR; 2009-1076; Buchwald, Cheryl A.

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Year Published: 2009

Variations in Withdrawal, Return Flow, and Consumptive Use of Water in Ohio and Indiana, with Selected Data from Wisconsin, 1999-2004

This report contains an analysis of water withdrawal and return-flow data for Ohio and withdrawal data for Indiana and Wisconsin to compute consumptive-use coefficients and to describe monthly variability of withdrawals and consumptive use. Concurrent data were available for most water-use categories from 1999 through 2004. Average monthly water...

Shaffer, Kimberly H.
Attribution: Water Resources
Variations in Withdrawal, Return Flow, and Consumptive Use of Water in Ohio and Indiana, with Selected Data from Wisconsin, 1999-2004; 2009; SIR; 2009-5096; Shaffer, Kimberly H.

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Year Published: 2009

Low prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae in urban and migratory Cooper's Hawks in northcentral North America

Trichomoniasis is a digestive tract disease caused by ingestion of the protozoan Trichomonas gallinae. This disease can be a significant source of mortality. No deaths of nestlings could be attributed to trichomoniasis in Cooper's Hawks (Accipiter cooperii) breeding in urban and rural environs in Wisconsin, North Dakota, and British Columbia...

Rosenfield, Robert N.; Taft, Stephen J.; Stout, William E.; Driscoll, Timothy G.; Evans, David L.; Bozek, Michael A.

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Year Published: 2009

Survival rates and lifetime reproduction of breeding male Cooper’s Hawks in Wisconsin, 1980-2005

There are few published data on annual survival and no reports of lifetime reproduction for breeding Cooper's Hawks (Accipiter cooperii). Breeding males (n  =  105) in central and southeastern Wisconsin had an annual mortality rate of 19%, or a survival rate of 81% for birds ≤10 years of age. We did not detect significant differences in...

Rosenfield, Robert N.; Bielefeldt, John; Rosenfield, Laura J.; Booms, Travis L.; Bozek, Michael A.

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Year Published: 2009

Genetic susceptibility to chronic wasting disease in free-ranging white-tailed deer: complement component C1q and Prnp polymorphisms

The genetic basis of susceptibility to chronic wasting disease (CWD) in free-ranging cervids is of great interest. Association studies of disease susceptibility in free-ranging populations, however, face considerable challenges including: the need for large sample sizes when disease is rare, animals of unknown pedigree create a risk of spurious...

Blanchong, Julie A.; Heisey, Dennis M.; Scribner, Kim T.; Libants, Scot V.; Johnson, Chad; Aiken, Judd M.; Langenberg, Julia A.; Samuel, Michael D.
Genetic susceptibility to chronic wasting disease in free-ranging white-tailed deer: Complement component C1q and Prnp polymorphisms; 2009; Article; Journal; Infection, Genetics and Evolution; Blanchong, J. A.; Heisey, D. M.; Scribner, K. T.; Libants, S. V.; Johnson, C.; Aiken, J. M.; Langenberg, J. A.; Samuel, M. D.

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Year Published: 2002

Water use in Wisconsin, 2000

As part of the National Water-Use Information Program, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) stores water-use data in standardized format for different catego ries of water use. Information about amounts of water withdrawn, sources of wa ter, how the water was used, and how much water was returned is available to those involved in establishing water-...

Ellefson, B.R.; Mueller, C.D.; Buchwald, C.A.
Water use in Wisconsin, 2000; 2002; OFR; 2002-356; Ellefson, B. R.; Mueller, C. D.; Buchwald, C. A.

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Year Published: 2002

Estimated water withdrawals, water use, and water consumption in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, and Wisconsin, 1950-95

From 1950 through 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey tabulated water withdrawals throughout the United States, including the northcentral States of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, and Wisconsin. During this period, total water withdrawals increased in each of the north-central States by at least a factor of two. Illinois led...

Kay, Robert T.
Attribution: Water Resources
Estimated water withdrawals, water use, and water consumption in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, and Wisconsin, 1950-95; 2002; WRI; 2001-4116; Kay, Robert T.

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Year Published: 1997

Water Use in Wisconsin, 1995

As part of the National Water-Use Information Program, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) stores water-use data in standardized format for different categories of water use. The data base (Site Specific Water Use Data System) is updated annually or as more current water-use information becomes available. Information about amounts of water withdrawn...

Ellefson, B.R.; Fan, C.H.; Ripley, J.L.
Water Use in Wisconsin, 1995; 1997; OFR; 97-356; Ellefson, B. R.; Fan, C. H.; Ripley, J. L.

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Year Published: 1993

Water Use in Wisconsin, 1990

INTRODUCTION As part of the National Water-Use Information Program, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) stores water-use data in standardized format for different categories of water use. The data base (Site Specific Water Use Data System) is updated annually or as more current water-use information becomes available. Information about amounts of...

Ellefson, B.R.; Sabin, T.J.; Krohelski, J.T.
Water Use in Wisconsin, 1990; 1993; OFR; 93-118; Ellefson, B. R.; Sabin, T. J.; Krohelski, J. T.

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Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

Filter Total Items: 182
Photo: USGS scientists install a double ring infiltrometer in a grassy field.
December 31, 2019

USGS scientists install a double ring infiltrometer

In this photo, USGS scientists Megan Haserodt (Hydrologist) and Jenelle Wempner (Student Intern) install a double ring infiltrometer along a recreated floodplain of Underwood Creek, a tributary to the Milwaukee River and Lake Michigan in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The work is part of a larger study of how overbank flows and shallow groundwater in floodplains are connected for

...
Sediment core sample taken at Grubers Grove Bay on the Wisconsin River
December 31, 2019

Sediment core sample taken at Grubers Grove Bay Wisconsin

Sediment core sample taken at Grubers Grove Bay on the Wisconsin River, Wisconsin.

Map dissolved oxygen and turbidity Milwaukee River
December 31, 2019

Map dissolved oxygen and turbidity Milwaukee River

Map of dissolved oxygen and turbidity along the Milwaukee River.

These data are preliminary or provisional and are subject to revision. They are being provided to meet the need for timely best science.

Scientists wading in the Everglades swamp collecting fish
December 3, 2019

Mercury research team collecting fish in Everglades

USGS Mercury research team collecting fish in Everglades National Park, Florida.

Scientists filtering water in the field at the Everglades
December 2, 2019

Filtration of water in the field at Everglades

Scientists filtering water in the field at Everglades National Park, Florida.

One wild turkey in Wisconsin
November 29, 2019

One wild turkey in Wisconsin

One wild turkey in Wisconsin

Two photos of red well piping in basement of building. In one photo, scientist is preparing to to take water-level measurements.
September 10, 2019

USGS Groundwater Well Dates Back to 1874 (NWIS Site 430429089230301)

The first USGS groundwater level measurement recorded in this well is from 1874! The well was originally a flowing artesian well that was used as an active water supply. Routine monitoring began in 1946. This well, USGS NWIS Site 430429089230301, is located

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Attribution: Water Resources
Sample purging prior to analysis
August 28, 2019

Row of lab bubblers sample purging prior to analysis

Row of lab bubblers sample purging prior to analysis at the Mercury Research Laboratory in Middleton, WI.

Methylmercury photodecomposition experiment on the roof of building
August 27, 2019

Methylmercury photodecomposition experiment on the roof of building

Methylmercury photodecomposition experiment on the roof of USGS building in Middleton, WI.

View of Lake Michigan from beach
July 25, 2019

View of Lake Michigan from beach

View of Lake Michigan from beach.

Downtown Milwaukee with crew row boat
July 25, 2019

Downtown Milwaukee with crew row boat

View of downtown Milwaukee with single crew row boat on river.

Filter Total Items: 118
Photo of a rural wadeable stream in Wisconsin
February 19, 2019

Two types of human-associated bacteria and three types of human viruses were detected in Milwaukee streams within the Menomonee River watershed, according to a recent study led by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Image shows a screenshot of the Mid-Continent Rift Story Map
January 25, 2018

The first great geologic expeditions of the United States set off in the mid-1800s, equipped with mules, rifles, and early scientific instruments. Their goal: to uncover the great mineral wealth of the United States and learn about its earliest geologic history.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
December 7, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Cambrian-Ordovician aquifer system, which includes parts of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri and Indiana, is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Exterior of a municipal water pumping station
December 6, 2017

Oxygen levels, dissolved minerals among factors responsible for high concentrations of radium in untreated water from aquifer that underlies six states

Tadpole with SPI
September 19, 2017

A deadly amphibian disease called severe Perkinsea infections, or SPI, is the cause of many large-scale frog die-offs in the United States, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey

UMESC Building
September 5, 2017

The public is invited to attend a free, family-friendly open house at a local U.S. Geological Survey center for ecology research on Saturday, September 9.  

Lake Michigan at Sunset
August 16, 2017

Invasive mussels and less nutrients from tributaries have altered the Lake Michigan ecosystem making it more conducive to the stocking of lake trout and steelhead than Chinook salmon, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey and Michigan State University study.

Hibernating little brown bat with white muzzle and spots on wings typical of white-nose syndrome. (Photo by Greg Turner, Pennsyl
August 1, 2017

The cold-loving fungus (Pseudogymnoascus destructans, or Pd) that causes white-nose syndrome, a disease that has killed millions of North American bats during hibernation, could also spread in summer months. Bats and humans visiting contaminated caves and mines can inadvertently contribute to the spread of the fungus, according to a recently published study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Southeastern myotis with Pd - thumb
June 1, 2017

Biologists have confirmed white-nose syndrome in the southeastern bat, or Myotis austroriparius, for the first time. The species joins eight other hibernating bat species in North America that are afflicted with the deadly bat fungal disease.

Jumping Silver Carp
April 26, 2017

If invasive bighead carp and silver carp spread into Lake Michigan, there would be enough food available for these particular species of Asian carp to survive, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Image shows a male white-tailed deer facing to the left of the image.
April 18, 2017

A new tool, which predicted the recent, rapid growth and continued spread of chronic wasting disease in deer, can help forecast and manage other costly biological threats to humans, animals and the environment, according to a recently published U.S. Geological Survey study.

Filter Total Items: 102

National Wildlife Health Center

National Wildlife Health Center
Science Center Link

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Science Center Link