Western Fisheries Research Center

Publications

Below is a list of available WFRC peer reviewed and published science.

Filter Total Items: 2,317
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Year Published: 2021

Novel diagnostic tests for the putative agent of bacterial gill disease in Pacific razor clams (Siliqua patula)

Nuclear inclusion X (NIX) is a gamma proteobacteria that infects the nuclei of gill epithelial cells in Pacific razor clams. NIX has been associated with clam die-offs in coastal Washington. A quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay was developed to detect NIX in Pacific razor clams, and assay specificity was confirmed by chromogenic in situ...

Travis, Brooke A; Batts, William N.; Groner, Maya; Hershberger, Paul; Fradkin, Steven C.; Conway, Carla M.; Park, Linda; Purcell, Maureen K.

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Year Published: 2021

Environmental DNA is an effective tool to track recolonizing migratory fish following large‐scale dam removal

Environmental DNA (eDNA) has emerged as a potentially powerful tool for use in conservation and resource management, including for tracking the recolonization dynamics of fish populations. We used eDNA to assess the effectiveness of dam removal to restore fish passage on the Elwha River in Washington State (USA). Using a suite of 11 species‐...

Duda, Jeffrey J.; Hoy, Marshal; Chase, Dorothy M.; Pess, George R.; Brenkman, Samuel J.; McHenry, Michael M; Ostberg, Carl

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Year Published: 2020

Review of trap-and-haul for managing Pacific salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.) in impounded river systems

High-head dams are migration barriers for Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp. in many river systems and recovery measures for impacted stocks are limited. Trap-and-haul has been widely used in attempts to facilitate recovery but information from existing programs has not been synthesized to inform improvements to aid recovery of salmonids...

Kock, Tobias; Ferguson, John W.; Keefer, Matthew L.; Schreck , Carl B.

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Year Published: 2020

Anadromous coastal cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii as a host for Argulus pugettensis (Crustacea, Branchiura): Parasite prevalence, intensity and distribution

Coastal cutthroat trout [Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii (Richardson, 1836)] from the marine waters of Puget Sound, WA, was documented as a new host for the ectoparasite Argulus pugettensis (Dana, 1852). The prevalence of A. pugettensis was 66% (49 of 74) on cutthroat trout and 0% (0 of 55) on coho salmon [O. kisutch (...

Losee, James P; Jones, Simon R M; McKinstry, Caitlin A E; Batts, William N.; Hershberger, Paul

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Year Published: 2020

Fish assemblages in eelgrass beds of Bellingham Bay, Washington, Northern Puget Sound, 2019

Puget Sound is a critical part of the Pacific Northwest, both culturally and economically. Eelgrass beds are an important feature of Puget Sound and are known to influence fish assemblages. As part of a larger site-characterization effort, and to gain a better understanding of the fish assemblages in Bellingham Bay, Washington, four eelgrass beds...

Andrews, Morgan I.; Liedtke, Theresa L.
Andrews, M.I., and Liedtke, T.L., 2020, Fish assemblages in eelgrass beds of Bellingham Bay, Washington, Northern Puget Sound, 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1131, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1131.

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Year Published: 2020

Shifting food web structure during dam removal—Disturbance and recovery during a major restoration action

We measured food availability and diet composition of juvenile salmonids over multiple years and seasons before and during the world’s largest dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington State. We conducted these measurements over three sediment-impacted sections (the estuary and two sections of the river downstream of each dam) and compared these...

Morley, Sarah A.; Foley, Melissa M; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Beirne, Mathew M; Paradis, Rebecca L; Johnson, Rachelle Carina; McHenry, Michael L.; Elofson, Mel; Sampson, Earnest M; McCoy, Randall E; Stapleton, Justin; Pess, George R.

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of dewatering on behavior, distribution, and abundance of larval lampreys

Anthropogenic dewatering of aquatic habitats can cause stranding and mortality of burrowed larval lampreys; however, the effects of dewatering have not been quantified. We assessed: (a) changes in spatial distribution, abundance, and emergence of larvae dewatered at Leaburg Reservoir (OR); (b) emergence and mortality of larvae dewatered in a...

Harris, Julianne E.; Skalicky, Joseph J.; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Weiland, Lisa K.; Clemens, Benjamin J.; Gray, Ann E.

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Year Published: 2020

Disease in Central Valley salmon: Status and lessons from other systems

Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) are increasingly vulnerable to anthropogenic activities and climate change, especially at their most southern species range in California’s Central Valley. There is considerable interest in understanding stressors that contribute to population decline and in identifying management actions that reduce the...

Lehman, Brendan M; Johnson, Rachel C.; Adkison, Mark; Burgess, Oliver T; Connon, Richard E; Fangue, Nann A.; Foott, Scott J; Hallett, Sascha L; Martínez-López, Beatriz; Miller, Kristina M.; Purcell, Maureen K.; Som, Nicholas A.; Valdes-Donoso, Pablo; Collins, Alison L

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Year Published: 2020

Impact of smallmouth bass predation on subyearling fall Chinook salmon over a broad river continuum

Smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) predation on subyearling fall Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) was examined in the Snake River (USA) to identify seasonal and habitat-related changes in bass diets, and associated subyearling consumption and loss in various riverine and impounded reaches. Smallmouth bass diets reflected opportunistic...

Tiffan, Kenneth; Erhardt, John M; Hemingway, Rulon J.; Bickford, Brad; Rhodes, Tobyn

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Year Published: 2020

Genomes reveal genetic diversity of Piscine orthoreovirus in farmed and free-ranging salmonids from Canada and USA

Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV-1) is a segmented RNA virus which is commonly found in salmonids in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. PRV-1 causes the Heart and Skeletal Muscle Inflammation (HSMI) disease in Atlantic salmon and is associated with several other disease conditions. Previous phylogenetic studies of genome segment 1 (S1) identified four...

Siah, Ahmed; Breyta, B. R.; Warheit, K. I.; Gagne, N; Purcell, Maureen K.; Morrison, Diane B.; Powell, J. F. F.; Johnson, S. C.

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Year Published: 2020

A standard operating procedure for the preparation of purposely killed juvenile salmon used to test survival model assumptions

This document describes a standard operating procedure (SOP) for the preparation of purposely killed juvenile salmon, implanted with telemetry transmitters, to be released into rivers, lakes, or streams to test one of the survival model assumptions. Procedures for releases of purposely killed fish (hereinafter dead fish releases) were developed by...

Tomka, Ryan G.; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Frost, Conrad; Smith, Collin D.
Tomka, R.G., Liedtke, T.L., Frost, C., and Smith, C.D., 2020, A standard operating procedure for the preparation of purposely killed juvenile salmon used to test survival model assumptions: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1083, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201083.