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Annual Herbaceous Cover across Rangelands of the Sagebrush Biome

May 22, 2020

Data is available on Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) and other invasive annual grasses represent one of the single largest threats to the health and resilience of western rangelands. To address this challenge, the Western Governors Association (WGA)-appointed Western Invasive Species Council convened a cheatgrass working group to develop a new regional vision for invasive annual grass management across the West. Foundational to implementing this new vision is the creation of a common spatial map to guide strategic actions. The WGA cheatgrass working group sought to develop a 30-m base map of annual herbaceous cover to support a common spatial strategy for tackling invasive annual grasses across the western U.S. Here, we leverage three large-scale datasets to provide land managers with a product estimating the recent extent (2016-2018) of annuals across western rangelands. Input annual herbaceous datasets include Rangeland Analysis Platform (Jones et al. 2018), US Geological Survey (USGS) Harmonized Landsate and Sentinel (Pastick et al. 2020, Pastick et al. in prep) and USGS National Land Cover Database (Rigge et al. 2020). These three datasets are combined using a weighted mean approach to generate the final annual herbaceous mean cover product across the sagebrush biome (Jeffries and Finn 2019). References: Jeffries, M.I., and Finn, S.P. 2019. The Sagebrush Biome Range Extent, as Derived from Classified Landsat Imagery: U.S. Geological Survey data release, Jones, M.O., Allred, B.W., Naugle, D.E., Maestas, J.D., Donnelly, P., Metz, L.J., Karl, J., Smith, R., Bestelmeyer, B., Boyd, C., Kerby, J.D., McIver, J.D. 2018. Innovation in rangeland monitoring: annual, 30m, plant functional type percent cover maps for U.S. rangelands, 1984-2017. Ecosphere 9, e02430. Pastick, N.J., Dahal, D., Wylie, B.K., Parajuli, S., Boyte, S.P., Wu, Z. 2020. Characterizing Land Surface Phenology and Exotic Annual Grasses in Dryland Ecosystems Using Landsat and Sentinel-2 Data in Harmony. Remote Sens. 12, 725. Pastick, N.J., Dahal, D., Wylie, B.K., Rigge, M.B., Jones, M.O, Allred, B.W., Boyte, S.P., Parajuli, S., and Wu, Z. In prep. Rapid monitoring of the occurrence and spread of exotic annual grasses in the western United States using remote sensing and machine learning. Global Change Biology. Reeves, M., and Mitchell, J. 2011. Extent of Coterminous US Rangelands: Quantifying Implications of Differing Agency Perspectives. Rangeland Ecology and Management 64: 585-597. Rigge, M., Shi, H., Homer, C., Danielson, P., Granneman, B. 2019. Long-term trajectories of fractional component change in the Northern Great Basin, USA. Ecosphere: e02762. Rigge, M., Homer, C., Cleeves, L., Meyer, D., Bunde, B., Shi, H., Xian, G., Bobo, M. 2020. Quantifying Western U.S. Rangelands as Fractional Components with Landsat. Remote Sensing. 12: 412.

Publication Year 2020
Title Annual Herbaceous Cover across Rangelands of the Sagebrush Biome
DOI 10.5066/P9VL3LD5
Authors Jeremy Maestas, Matthew O. Jones, Neal J Pastick, Matthew B Rigge, Bruce K Wylie, Lindy Garner, Michele Crist, Collin Homer, Stephen Boyte, Bill Whitacre
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center