Information on the spatio-temporal distribution of rainfall is very critical for addressing water related disasters, especially in the arid to semi-arid regions of the Middle East and North Africa region. However, availability of reliable rainfall datasets for the region is limited. In this study we combined observation from satellite-based rainfall data, in situ rain gauge observation and rainfall climatology to create a reliable regional rainfall dataset for Jordan, West Bank and Lebanon. First, we validated three satellite-based rainfall products using rain gauge observations obtained from Jordan (205 stations), Palestine (44 stations) and Lebanon (8 stations). We used the daily 25-km Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission over 2000-2016; daily 10-km Rainfall Estimate for Africa (RFE) rainfall over 2001-2016; daily 1-km Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitations with Station (CHIRPS) rainfall over 1981-2015; daily 25-km Multi-Source Weighted-Ensemble Precipitation (MSWEP) over 1984-2015. The validation was conducted between in situ rain gauge observation and satellite rainfall data and resulted in utilizing the MSWEP dataset in correlation with a bias correction grid. The created rainfall dataset was used to estimate stream flow in the region and determine suitable areas of aquifer recharge.
|Title||Assembly of satellite-based rainfall datasets in situ data and rainfall climatology contours for the MENA region|
|Authors||Naga Manohar Velpuri, Gabriel Senay, Stefanie (Contractor) Kagone|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center|
Regional screening for managed aquifer recharge suitability in Jordan, Lebanon, and surrounding areas
Managed aquifer recharge suitability—Regional screening and case studies in Jordan and Lebanon
Gabriel B Senay, Ph.D.
Regional screening for managed aquifer recharge suitability in Jordan, Lebanon, and surrounding areasThe U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the U.S. Agency for International Development, Arab Water Council, Hydrology.NL, National Center for Research and Development (Jordan), and American University of Beirut, completed a project for acceleration of aquifer storage and recovery in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The MENA region is globally the most water-scarce regi
Managed aquifer recharge suitability—Regional screening and case studies in Jordan and LebanonThe U.S. Geological Survey, at the request of the U.S. Agency for International Development, led a 5-year regional project to develop and apply methods for water availability and suitability mapping for managed aquifer recharge (MAR) in the Middle East and North Africa region. A regional model of surface runoff for the period from 1984 to 2015 was developed to characterize water availability using
Gabriel B Senay, Ph.D.