Observations of irrigated agricultural land within the Harquahala Irrigation Non-Expansion Area Groundwater Basin in Arizona. Crops were verified in situ three times in 2021, first on March 3rd, then on May 19th, and finally on September 2nd; based on digitized field boundaries. Field boundaries were digitized from U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Imagery Program images dated 2021 and supplemented with Landsat and Sentinel2 imagery collections accessed via the Sentinel Hub, Sentinel Playground (https://apps.sentinel-hub.com/sentinel-playground). Satellite images were also used to identify the length of the growing season and crop condition. Water withdrawals were calculated using the modified Blaney-Criddle model of calculating consumptive use (U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, 1992 appendix A) using crop coefficients from Doorenbos and Pruitt (1975), the number of acres with active crops, crop condition, and irrigation system efficiency. The withdrawal equation was modified from "Water withdrawals for irrigation, municipal, mining, thermoelectric-power, and drainage uses in Arizona outside of active management areas, 1991-2000" (Tadayon, 2005) to account for variations in water application.
Data are available as a shapefile for visualization or as a stand-alone csv table for attributes only.
|Title||Estimated crop irrigation water use withdrawals in Harquahala Irrigation Non-Expansion Area Groundwater Basin, Arizona for 2021|
|Authors||Amy L Read|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||Arizona Water Science Center|