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Arizona Water Science Center

Welcome to the U.S. Geological Survey Arizona Water Science Center.  Our mission is to collect and interpret high quality, impartial scientific information to provide resource managers and the public with the knowledge required to understand and manage the critical water resources of Arizona and the Southwest.

News

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USGS provides easy access to Colorado River science with new online portal

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Elevated Arsenic in Grand Canyon Region Groundwater Sites Likely from Natural Sources

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New Online Maps for Exploring Groundwater Levels in Arizona

Publications

Changes in sand storage in the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park from July 2017 through June 2020

Changes in the quantity of sand stored within river segments can affect aquatic and riparian habitat, archeological resources, and recreation. Since summer to fall of 2002, gaging stations on the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park and on its major tributaries and selected lesser tributaries have measured the mass of sand transported past each station, which allows for changes in the mass
Authors
Ronald E. Griffiths, David J. Topping, Joel A. Unema

Resurvey of cross sections on the Yampa and Little Snake Rivers in Lily and Deerlodge Parks, Colorado

Resurveys of seven geomorphologic cross sections located in the Lily Park and Deerlodge Park, Colorado, reaches of the Yampa and Little Snake Rivers were conducted in October 2017. These cross sections extend from Lily Park, at the confluence of the two rivers, to Deerlodge Park within Dinosaur National Monument. Four cross sections were first surveyed in 1983 and then resurveyed in 1997. The rema
Authors
Ronald E. Griffiths, David J. Topping, Christina Leonard, Joel A. Unema

Anthropogenic influence on groundwater geochemistry in Horn Creek Watershed near the Orphan Mine in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona, USA

Breccia pipe deposits of the Grand Canyon region contain ore grade copper and uranium. Horn Creek is located near the Orphan Mine mineralized breccia pipe deposit and groundwater emerging from the bedrock in the headwaters of Horn Creek has the highest uranium concentrations in the region. Uranium decreases an order of magnitude between the groundwater at the top of the watershed and the groundwat
Authors
Kimberly R. Beisner, Collin Davidson, Fred D. Tillman

Science

Estimation of Dissolved-Solids Concentrations Using Continuous Water-Quality Monitoring and Regression Models at Four Sites in the Yuma Area, Arizona and California

The Colorado River is controlled by an extensive system of dams and canals diverting much of the water in the United States for agricultural and municipal uses. The Water Treaty of 1944 guarantees that 1.5 million acre-feet of Colorado River water is delivered to Mexico from the United States annually. Additionally, the water delivered must meet water-quality criteria as defined in Minute 242. The...
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Estimation of Dissolved-Solids Concentrations Using Continuous Water-Quality Monitoring and Regression Models at Four Sites in the Yuma Area, Arizona and California

The Colorado River is controlled by an extensive system of dams and canals diverting much of the water in the United States for agricultural and municipal uses. The Water Treaty of 1944 guarantees that 1.5 million acre-feet of Colorado River water is delivered to Mexico from the United States annually. Additionally, the water delivered must meet water-quality criteria as defined in Minute 242. The...
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Southwest Gravity Program

The Southwest Gravity Program provides high-precision time-lapse gravity (repeat microgravity) data for hydrologic studies in the southwestern US. Recent projects include monitoring recharge underneath ephemeral-stream channels, monitoring aquifer-storage change in unconfined and compressible aquifers, measuring storage change at surface-spreading and injection-well artificial-recharge facilities...
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Southwest Gravity Program

The Southwest Gravity Program provides high-precision time-lapse gravity (repeat microgravity) data for hydrologic studies in the southwestern US. Recent projects include monitoring recharge underneath ephemeral-stream channels, monitoring aquifer-storage change in unconfined and compressible aquifers, measuring storage change at surface-spreading and injection-well artificial-recharge facilities...
Learn More

Tucson Extensometer Network

The U.S. Geological Survey Arizona Water Science Center in cooperation with Tucson Water has monitored water-level and aquifer compaction at several wells in Avra Valley and Tucson Basin since about 1980. The purpose of the data collection is to document compaction of the aquifer system in response to stresses induced by water-level change, provide control for satellite-based observations of land...
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Tucson Extensometer Network

The U.S. Geological Survey Arizona Water Science Center in cooperation with Tucson Water has monitored water-level and aquifer compaction at several wells in Avra Valley and Tucson Basin since about 1980. The purpose of the data collection is to document compaction of the aquifer system in response to stresses induced by water-level change, provide control for satellite-based observations of land...
Learn More