This dataset contains two tables comprising catch per unit effort (CPUE) data and length measurements from fish surveys conducted in the nearshore Beaufort Sea, Alaska, between 1988 and 2019. Historical data collected by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) includes fish catch and fish length data (measured from a subset of the total catch) from two eras, 1988-1991 and 2003-2005, in the eastern Beaufort Sea (Arctic National Wildlife Refuge). Similar data was collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from a subset of the historical eastern Beaufort Sea sites and some additional central Beaufort Sea (Simpson Lagoon and Stefansson Sound) sites more recently, 2017-2019. Here we have compiled and standardized datasets from the three eras of fish surveys.