The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center (SPCMSC) conducted research to identify areas of seafloor elevation stability and instability based on elevation changes between the 1930s and 2016 along the Florida Reef Tract (FRT) from Miami to Key West within a 982.4 square-kilometer area. USGS SPCMSC staff used seafloor elevation-change data from Yates and others (2021) derived from an elevation-change analysis between two elevation datasets acquired in the 1930s and 2016/2017 using the methods of Yates and others (2017). Most of the elevation data from the 2016/2017 time period were collected during 2016, so as an abbreviated naming convention, we refer to this time period as 2016. A seafloor stability threshold was determined for the 1930s-2016 FRT elevation-change dataset based on the vertical uncertainty of the 1930s historical hydrographic surveys and 2016 digital elevation models (DEMs). Five stability categories (which include, Stable: 0.0 meters (m) to plus/minus 0.24 m or 0.0 m to plus/minus 0.49 m; Moderately stable: plus/minus 0.25 m to plus/minus 0.49 m; Moderately unstable: plus/minus 0.50 m to plus/minus 0.74 m; Mostly unstable: plus/minus 0.75 m to plus/minus 0.99 m; and Unstable: plus/minus 1.00 m to Max/Min elevation change) were created and used to define levels of stability and instability for each elevation-change value (85,253 data points) based on the amount of erosion and accretion during the 1930s to 2016 time period. Seafloor-stability point and triangulated irregular network (TIN) surface models were created at five different elevation-change data resolutions (1st order through 5th order) with each resolution becoming increasingly more detailed. In order to view the stability models at a larger extent, the stability point and surface (TIN) models were divided into four sub-regions: Biscayne Bay, Upper Key, Middle Keys, and Lower Keys. The stability models were used to determine the level of seafloor stability at potential areas of interest for coral restoration and 14 habitat types found along the FRT. Stability surface (TIN) models were used for areas defined by specific XY geographic points, while stability point models were used for areas defined by bounding box coordinate locations.
This data release includes ArcGIS map packages containing the binned and color-coded stability point and surface (TIN) models, potential coral restoration locations, habitat files, and sub-region boundaries; maps of each stability model at full extent and for each sub-region; and data tables containing stability and elevation-change data for the potential coral restoration locations and habitat types. Data were collected under Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary permit FKNMS-2016-068. Coral restoration locations were provided by Mote Marine Laboratory under Special Activity License SAL-18-1724-SCRP.
Yates, K.K., Arsenault, S.R., Fehr Z.W., and Murphy K.A., 2021, Seafloor Elevation Change from the 1930s to 2016 Along the Florida Reef Tract, USA: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9NXNX61.
Yates, K.K., Zawada, D.G., Smiley, N.A., and Tiling-Range, G., 2017, Divergence of seafloor elevation and sea level rise in coral reef ecosystems: Biogeosciences, v. 14, p. 1739-1772, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-1739-2017.
|Title||Florida Reef Tract 1930s-2016 Seafloor Elevation Stability Models, Maps, and Tables|
|Authors||Kelly A Murphy, Kimberly K Yates|
|Product Type||Data Release|
|Record Source||USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog|
|USGS Organization||St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center|
Kimberly Yates, Ph.D.
Kimberly Yates, Ph.D.