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Greater Sage-Grouse Adult and Nest Observations Before and After Wildfire in Northwest Nevada (2008-2019)

June 6, 2023

Wildfire events are becoming more frequent and severe on a global scale. Rising temperatures, prolonged drought, and the presence of pyrophytic invasive grasses are contributing to the degradation of native vegetation communities. Within the Great Basin region of the Western United States, increasing wildfire frequency is transforming the ecosystem toward a higher degree of homogeneity, one dominated by invasive annual grasses and declining landscape productivity. Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; hereafter sage-grouse) are a species of conservation concern that rely on large tracts of structurally and functionally diverse sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) communities. Using a 12-year (2008-2019) telemetry dataset, we documented immediate impacts of wildfire on demographic rates of a population of sage-grouse that were exposed to two large wildfire events (Virginia Mountains Fire Complex - 2016; Long Valley Fire - 2017) near the border of California and Nevada. Spatiotemporal heterogeneity in demographic rates were accounted for using a Before-After Control-Impact Paired Series (BACIPS) study design.

These data support the following publication:
Tyrrell, E.A., Coates, P.S., Prochazka, B.G., Brussee, B.E., Espinosa, S.P. and Hull, J.M., 2023. Wildfire immediately reduces nest and adult survival of greater sage-grouse. Scientific Reports, 13(1), p.10970.

Publication Year 2023
Title Greater Sage-Grouse Adult and Nest Observations Before and After Wildfire in Northwest Nevada (2008-2019)
DOI 10.5066/P9WA2M2Y
Authors Emily A Tyrrell, Peter S Coates, Brian G Prochazka, Brianne E Brussee, Shawn Espinosa, Joshua M. Hull, Michael P Chenaille
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Western Ecological Research Center - Headquarters