These data were compiled as a supplement to a previously published journal article (Bradford et al., 2019), that employed a ecosystem water balance model to characterize current and future patterns in soil temperature and moisture conditions in dryland areas of western North America. Also, these data are associated with a published USGS data release (Bradford and Schlaepfer, 2019). The objectives of our study were to (1) characterize current and future patterns in soil temperature and moisture conditions in dryland areas of western North America, (2) evaluate the impact of these changes on estimation of resilience and resistance among a representative set of climate scenarios. These data represent geographic patterns in simulated soil temperature and soil moisture conditions and underlying variables based on SOILWAT2 simulations under climate conditions representing historical (current) time period (1980-2010) and two future projected time periods (2020-2050, d40yrs) and (2070-2100, d90yrs) for two representative concentration pathways (RCP4.5, RCP8.5) as medians across simulation runs based on output from each of the available downscaled global circulation models that participated in CMIP5 (RCP4.5, 37 GCMs; RCP8.5, 35 GCMs; Maurer et al. 2007). Additional information about the SOILWAT2 simulation experiments can be found in Bradford et al. 2019. These data were created in 2018, 2019, and 2021 for the area of the sagebrush region in the western North America. These data were created by a collaborative research project between the U.S. Geological Survey, Marshall University and Yale University. These data can be used with the high-resolution matching as defined by Renne et al. (in prep.), and within the scope of Bradford et al. 2019. These data may also be used to evaluate the potential impact of changing climate conditions on geographic patterns in simulated soil temperature and soil moisture conditions.