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National-Scale Geophysical, Geologic, and Mineral Resource Data and Grids for the United States, Canada, and Australia: Data in Support of the Tri-National Critical Minerals Mapping Initiative

August 21, 2023

National-scale geologic, geophysical, and mineral resource raster and vector data covering the United States, Canada, and Australia are provided in this data release. 

The data were compiled as part of the tri-national Critical Minerals Mapping Initiative (CMMI). The CMMI, established in 2019, is an international science collaboration between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Geoscience Australia (GA), and the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC). One aspect of the CMMI is to use national- to global-scale earth science data to map where critical mineral prospectivity may exist using advanced machine learning approaches (Kelley, 2020). The geoscience information presented in this report include the training and evidential layers that cover all three countries and underpin the resultant prospectivity models for basin-hosted Pb-Zn mineralization described in Lawley and others (2022).

It is expected that these data layers will be useful to many regional- to continental-scale studies related to a wide range of earth science research. Therefore, the data layers are organized using widely accepted GIS formats in the same map projection to increase efficiency and effectiveness of future studies. All datasets have a common geographic projection in decimal degrees using a WGS84 datum. Data for the various training and evidential layers were either derived for this study or were extracted from previous national to global-scale compilations. Data from outside work are provided here as a courtesy for completeness of the model and should be cited as the original source. Original references are provided on each child page.

Data for the United States were merged to data for Canada to provide composite data that allow for continuity and seamless analyses of the earth science data across the two countries. 

Earth science data provided in this report include training data for the models. Training data include a mineral resource database of Pb-Zn deposits and occurrences related to either carbonate-hosted (Mississippi Valley type-MVT) or clastic-dominated (aka sedex) Pb-Zn mineralization. Evidential layers that were used as input to the models include GeoTIFF grid files consisting of ground, airborne, and satellite geophysical data (magnetic, gravity, tomography, seismic) and several related derivative products. Geologic layers incorporated into the models include shapefiles of modified lithology and faults for the United States, Canada and Australia. A global database of ancient and modern passive margins is provided here as well as a link to a database mapping the global distribution of black shale units from a previous USGS study. GeoTIFF grids of the final prospectivity models for MVT and for clastic-dominated Pb-Zn mineralization across the US, Canada, and Australia from Lawley and others (2021) are also included. Each child page describes the particular data layer and related derivative products if applicable.

Kelley, K.D., 2020, International geoscience collaboration to support critical mineral discovery: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3035, 2 p.,

Lawley, C.J.M., McCafferty, A.E., Graham, G.E., Huston, D.L., Kelley, K.D., Czarnota, K., Paradis, S., Peter, J.M., Hayward, N., Barlow, M., Emsbo, P., Coyan, J., San Juan, C.A., and Gadd, M.G., 2022, Data-driven prospectivity modelling of sediment-hosted Zn-Pb mineral systems and their critical raw materials: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 141, no. 104635,

Publication Year 2023
Title National-Scale Geophysical, Geologic, and Mineral Resource Data and Grids for the United States, Canada, and Australia: Data in Support of the Tri-National Critical Minerals Mapping Initiative
DOI 10.5066/P970GDD5
Authors Anne E McCafferty, Carma A San Juan, Christopher Lawley, Garth E Graham, Michael G Gadd, David L Huston, Karen Duttweiler Kelley, Suzanne Paradis, Jan M Peter, Karol Czarnota
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center