Gene annotations for the hoary bat (Lasiurus [Aeorestes] cinereus) and alignments with other bat gene sets for evolutionary analysis
Bats of the genus Lasiurus occur throughout the Americas and have diversified into at least 20 species among three subgenera. The hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus, or synonymously, Aeorestes cinereus) is highly migratory and ranges farther across North America than any other wild mammal. Despite the ecological importance of this species as a major insect predator, and the particular susceptibility of lasiurine bats to wind turbine strikes, our understanding of hoary bat ecology, physiology, and behavior remains poor. To better understand adaptive evolution in this lineage, we used whole-genome sequencing to identify protein-coding sequence and explore signatures of positive selection. Gene models were predicted with Maker and compared to seven well-annotated, phylogenetically representative species. Of 9,447 single-copy orthologous groups that met evaluation criteria, 150 genes had a significant excess of nonsynonymous substitutions along the L. cinereus branch (P less than 0.001 after manual review of alignments). Analysis of mouse orthologs with DAVID did not identify significant enrichment of ontology categories, but selected genes as a group had biased expression, most strongly in thymus tissue. We identified 23 selected genes with reported immune functions as well as a divergent paralog of Steep1 within suborder Yangochiroptera. Seventeen genes had roles in lipid and glucose metabolic pathways, partially overlapping with 15 mitochondrion-associated genes. The genomic distribution of positively selected genes differed significantly from background expectation by discrete Kolmogorov-Smirnov test (P less than 0.001). The top three physical clusters all coincided with islands of conserved synteny predating Mammalia, the largest of which shares synteny with the human cat-eye critical region (CECR) on 22q11.
|Gene annotations for the hoary bat (Lasiurus [Aeorestes] cinereus) and alignments with other bat gene sets for evolutionary analysis
|Robert S Cornman, Paul Cryan
|USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
|Fort Collins Science Center