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Haploid gynogens facilitate disomic marker development in paleotetraploid sturgeons

December 1, 2022

Acipenseriformes (sturgeons and paddlefishes) are of substantial conservation concern, and development of genomic resources for these species is difficult due to past whole genome duplication. Development of disomic markers for polyploid organisms can be challenging due to difficulty in resolving alleles at a single locus from those among duplicated loci. In this study, we detail the development of disomic markers for the endangered pallid sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus albus) found in North America. One of the strategies for pallid sturgeon conservation is to stock U.S. rivers with offspring of pure pallid sturgeon, but introgression with the sympatric shovelnose sturgeon (S. platorynchus) threatens pallid sturgeon genetic integrity. Currently, 19 microsatellite loci are used to differentiate between both species and their hybrids, but the markers are insufficient to robustly identify backcrosses. We performed double digest restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (ddRADseq) on shovelnose sturgeon haploid gynogens to produce a reduced-representation genomic reference. Contiguous sequences that were heterozygous within a haploid individual were flagged as potentially encompassing multiple loci. Approximately 60 individuals of each species from two management units were sequenced, and reads were mapped to the haploid reference to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at individual loci. The final data set contained 11,082 microhaplotyped loci which offer at least an order of magnitude greater resolution for species discrimination than the current panel of 19 microsatellites. These markers will be used to examine a larger sample of Scaphirhynchus individuals throughout their ranges to determine the extent and trajectory of hybridization.

Publication Year 2022
Title Haploid gynogens facilitate disomic marker development in paleotetraploid sturgeons
DOI 10.1111/1755-0998.13742
Authors Richard Jr Flamio, Dominic G Swift, David S Portnoy, Kimberly Chojnacki, Aaron J. Delonay, Jeffrey Powell, Patrick Braaten, Edward J. Heist
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Molecular Ecology Resources
Index ID 70239251
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Columbia Environmental Research Center