Black smokers

Rocks growing like pointy chimneys out of the ocean floor are emitting smoke into deep ocean water.

Detailed Description

Between Tonga and Samoa along the ocean floor sits the Niua volcano. Black smokers on this seafloor volcano spew out super-heated water and minerals. When they hit the cold seawater, solid minerals form and create these tall chimneys.


Image Dimensions: 4256 x 2832

Date Taken:

Location Taken: US


Wrapping Up the Virtual Vents: The Sampling
April 1, 2016: As the Virtual Vents research cruise comes to a successful close, researchers onboard R/V Falkor explain preliminary findings and go over fresh samples.