Coastal wetlands provide a range of ecosystem services such as storing carbon, reducing flood damage and serve as important habitats for fish, birds and shellfish.
The different components of coastal ecosystems provide services to local communities by shielding them from strong coastal winds and waves and supplying fish for industry, sport and even dinner.
Forest ecosystems are home to trees that capture and store carbon as well as game animals and edible plants provide sources of food and recreation.
Mangroves absorb and store CO2, provide habitats for animals and fish, and their vast root systems prevent erosion and shield coasts from strong winds and waves.
Urban ecosystems often feature green spaces with trees that provide shade and reduce residual heat from asphalt, as well as gardens to offer food for communities and space for pollinators.
River ecosystems contain riparian vegetation that trap sediment and filters debris for higher water quality in addition to have riparian zones that reduce floods by slowing water flow.
Graphics created by VSFS intern, Ben Slyngstad.