Dome Fountain Formed at Lava Lake Inlet, Halema'uma'u (Jan 2-3, 2020)

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Detailed Description

Lava forms a “dome fountain” at the inlet to the lava lake in Halema'uma'u crater January 2-3, 2021. Lava from the western vent cascades beneath roofed vertical channels to enter the lava lake at an inlet that has become partially submerged. The result is a rolling upwelling of lava near the inlet called a “dome fountain.”

Dome fountains have been observed during eruptions at Mauna Ulu and Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō. Dome fountains can occur when lava rapidly emerges from a constricted vent or fissure onto the surface or, as in this case, beneath the surface of a lava lake. The feature resembles, in part, a bubbling water fountain. The height of the dome fountain was estimated to be about 5 m (16 ft) with an estimated width of 10 m (33 ft).


Date Taken:

Length: 00:01:38

Location Taken: Kīlauea Volcano, HI, US

Video Credits

Video taken January 2, 2021 (clip 1) by M. Patrick ( and January 3, 2021 (clip 2) by H. Dietterich ( 

Video edited by Liz Westby.