Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Science

The integrated Toxic Substances Hydrology and Contaminant Biology Programs  together are supporting science to address the full range of questions related to contaminant and pathogen sources, environmental transport, exposure/transmission pathways, uptake, biological effects, and human health implications.

link

Science Teams

link

Featured Science Activities

link

Questions We Answer

link

Core Technology Team

FAQs

What minerals produce the colors in fireworks?

Mineral elements provide the color in fireworks. Additional colors can be made by mixing elements:Color ProducedElement(s)Primary mineral ore(s)bright greensbariumbaritedeep redsstrontiumcelestitebluescopperchalcopyriteyellowssodiumhalite (rock salt)brilliant orangestrontium + sodiumcelestite, halitesilvery whitetitanium + zirconium + magnesium alloysilmenite, rutile, zircon, dolomite,magnesite...

link

What minerals produce the colors in fireworks?

Mineral elements provide the color in fireworks. Additional colors can be made by mixing elements:Color ProducedElement(s)Primary mineral ore(s)bright greensbariumbaritedeep redsstrontiumcelestitebluescopperchalcopyriteyellowssodiumhalite (rock salt)brilliant orangestrontium + sodiumcelestite, halitesilvery whitetitanium + zirconium + magnesium alloysilmenite, rutile, zircon, dolomite,magnesite...

Learn More

How can I find U.S. Bureau of Mines publications?

After 85 years of service, the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) closed in 1996. Certain functions, such as the collection, analysis, and dissemination of minerals information, have been returned to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). For information on former USBM programs or publications, please see the following sources:The National Technical Reports Library (part of the National Technical information...

link

How can I find U.S. Bureau of Mines publications?

After 85 years of service, the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) closed in 1996. Certain functions, such as the collection, analysis, and dissemination of minerals information, have been returned to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). For information on former USBM programs or publications, please see the following sources:The National Technical Reports Library (part of the National Technical information...

Learn More

Where can I find information about mineral commodities?

For statistical information about mineral commodities, visit USGS Commodity Statistics and Information. For locations outside the United States, USGS International Minerals Statistics and Information is the best starting point.

link

Where can I find information about mineral commodities?

For statistical information about mineral commodities, visit USGS Commodity Statistics and Information. For locations outside the United States, USGS International Minerals Statistics and Information is the best starting point.

Learn More