Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Photo and Video Chronology – Mauna Loa – April 9, 2021

April 9, 2021
Mauna Loa summit interferogram


Color interferogram of volcano summit
This image of the summit of Mauna Loa Volcano is derived from satellite-based interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) and is called an interferogram. Each cycle of colors from blue to green represent a change in the distance between the ground and the satellite (range change) of 1.55 cm. Interferograms are constructed from radar images taken on two different dates and show the amount deformation that occurred between the two acquisition dates. This image shows the overall inflation of Mauna Loa’s summit that occurred from November 2020 to March 2021. It also shows several fringes (color cycles) consistent with subsidence inside Moku‘āweoweo caldera and related to a shallow earthquake that was recorded on March 6, 2021. The red circles show the locations of earthquakes associated with that event as determined by HVO’s seismic network. Recent contraction that has been recorded on summit GPS stations has not yet been identified in any interferograms. For more information on InSAR at HVO, see Volcano Watch article "Reading the Rainbow" [

Get Our News

These items are in the RSS feed format (Really Simple Syndication) based on categories such as topics, locations, and more. You can install and RSS reader browser extension, software, or use a third-party service to receive immediate news updates depending on the feed that you have added. If you click the feed links below, they may look strange because they are simply XML code. An RSS reader can easily read this code and push out a notification to you when something new is posted to our site.