In a new article in Ecology and Society, CASC researchers synthesized the observed and projected impacts of climate change on water resources, agriculture, human health, coastal ecosystems, fisheries, and terrestrial ecosystems and ecosystem services in Madagascar and discuss ongoing climate adaptation and mitigation activities.
Climate Adaptation Options for Madagascar
Island nations can be more vulnerable to climate change in ways that mainland nations are not. Madagascar exemplifies these vulnerabilities to climate with impacts permeating across multiple diverse sectors. Madagascar is rich in natural capital and 90% of the country’s biodiversity can be found nowhere else in the world. However, Madagascar faces many climate risks including increasing temperatures, reduced and more variable precipitation, more frequent droughts, more intense cyclones, and rising sea levels. Despite Madagascar’s national policy to respond to climate change, Madagascar’s government has limited resources to address climate-related challenges.
Through a review of recent literature and interviews with stakeholders in Madagascar, researchers supported by the Department of the Interior International Technical Assistance Program and the National CASC also discerned ongoing and potential climate adaptation and mitigation activities that consider interacting climate and non-climate stressors. Their findings are captured in a new article in Ecology and Society where the information gathered can be used by government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and other development organizations like the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to better incorporate climate risks into development strategies and projects in Madagascar
This work is supported by the National CASC project, “A Climate Risk Management Screening and Assessment Review for Madagascar’s Country Development Cooperation Strategy”.