The Anderson Ranch property (study area), located in Taos County, north-central New Mexico, was transferred from Chevron Mining, Inc. (CMI) to the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as part of a Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration (NRDAR) court-ordered settlement. The study area supports freshwater emergent wetlands and freshwater ponds. The settlement states that CMI will provide the land and a monetary settlement to support the restoration of the wetlands on the property. To best manage the study area, the BLM requires an understanding of potential effects of climate variability and groundwater withdrawals on the wetland function. This study, completed by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the BLM, provides an initial hydrologic characterization of the study area, which included literature review, collection of groundwater-level and aqueous-chemistry data, completion of a vegetation survey, and preliminary data analysis. The data compiled, collected, and analyzed as part of this study indicate that the wetlands within the study area are groundwater fed and that the water maintaining the wetlands is modern. Surface-water levels in the pond and groundwater levels in the surrounding wetland fluctuate seasonally. The hydraulic gradient in the study area is from northeast to southwest. Evapotranspiration is a main driver of water demand within the study area.
|Title||Anderson Ranch wetlands hydrologic characterization in Taos County, New Mexico|
|Authors||Amy E. Galanter, Zachary M. Shephard, Pamela Herrera-Olivas|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Open-File Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||New Mexico Water Science Center|