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Antarctic glacier-tongue velocities from Landsat images: First results

January 1, 1993

We measured the velocities of six glacier tongues and a few tongues within ice shelves distributed around the Antarctic coastline by determining the displacement of crevasse patterns seen on sequential Landsat images. The velocities range from less than 0.2 km a−1 for East Antarctic ice-shelf tongues to more than 2.5 km a−1 for the Thwaites Glacier Tongue. All glacier tongues show increases in velocity toward their distal margins. In general, the tongues of glaciers draining the West Antarctic ice sheet have moved significantly faster than those in East Antarctica. This observation may be significant in light of the hypothesized possible disintegration of the West Antarctic ice sheet.

Publication Year 1993
Title Antarctic glacier-tongue velocities from Landsat images: First results
DOI 10.3189/S0260305500013100
Authors Baerbel K. Lucchitta, K.F. Mullins, A.L. Allison, Jane G. Ferrigno
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Annals of Glaciology
Index ID 70195916
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Astrogeology Science Center; Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center