The global transfer of aquatic biota outside their native geographical range has resulted in dramatic changes to biological communities. Many nonnative species introductions are facilitated by human activity and then spread intra-continentally through connected watersheds once established. Resource managers therefore utilize multiple control technologies, such as management chemicals, for fisheries management to remove non-indigenous fishes. Antimycin-A (ANT-A) is a management chemical, previously registered in the United States, that has been extensively studied and used to control non-indigenous fishes. The present study examines ANT-A species sensitivity among fish and aquatic invertebrates and summarizes factors that influence toxicity. ANT-A species sensitivity distributions 20th percentile hazard concentrations (HC20) for acute studies ≤ 24 h demonstrated fish (0.088 µg/L) are 174-fold more sensitive to ANT-A than invertebrates (15.35 µg/L). Similar to previous reports, toxicity was demonstrated to be influenced by water pH, temperature, and fish mass. Therefore, the present study and results characterize ANT-A toxicity for aquatic resource managers and future use in fisheries management.
|Title||Antimycin A species sensitivity distribution: Perspectives for non-indigenous fish control|
|Authors||Gavin Nicholas Saari|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Management of Biological Invasions|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center|