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Assessment of skin and liver neoplasms in white sucker (Catostomus commersonii) collected in the Sheboygan River Area of Concern, Wisconsin, in 2017

March 13, 2019

Two hundred adult white sucker (Catostomus commersonii), age 3 years and older, were collected from the lower Sheboygan River Area of Concern in 2017, during the spring spawning run. Fish were euthanized, weighed, and measured, and any visible abnormalities were documented. Pieces of raised skin lesions as well as five to eight pieces of liver were removed and preserved for histopathological analyses. Skin and liver neoplasm prevalence was determined for assessment of the Fish Tumors or Other Deformities Beneficial Use Impairment. Although 45.5 percent of the suckers had raised skin lesions, the prevalence of skin neoplasms, either papilloma or squamous cell carcinoma, was 29.5 percent. This observation was similar to the prevalence (32.6 percent) of skin neoplasms in 2012; however, the percentage of squamous cell carcinoma was higher in 2017 (9.5 percent) than in 2012 (2.1 percent). The prevalence of liver neoplasms in 2017 (8.5 percent) was similar to that in 2012 (8.3 percent).