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Chemical analyses of Red Sea sediments

December 31, 1974

One of the prime motives for exploring the deeper subsurface sediments of the Red Sea floor was to gain information on the geochemical systems controlling the hot brine-metalliferous deposits. Accordingly, a strong effort was made to provide both shipboard and laboratory means of analysis of the recovered phases. Shipboard spectrographic analyses (semiquantitative) provided both detailed surveys of chemical properties of the cores and the ability to analyze small subsamples and separated particles such as pyrite, sphalerite, organisms, and similar minute objects. Over 5000 such analyses are provided in Tables 1 to 5. Some supplementary data provided by subsequent analyses for K, Zn, and Ag in the Denver field laboratories of the U. S. Geological Survey have been added to the tables.

A second body of data is provided in Table 6, which gives quantitative data on major and minor constituents, performed by the Washington analytical laboratories of the U. S. Geological Survey. A third group of analyses are partial analyses on evaporitic rocks (anhydrite and rock salt) (Table 18, in Manheim Chapter 38, this volume). In addition to the above, a number of the collaborating laboratories are providing more specific chemical data on special phases and constituents of the Red Sea materials. Most of these data are included in chapters in the Geochemical section of this volume. The significance of the data is discussed in Manheim (Chapter 38, this volume) and in the respective reports of shipboard workers and cooperating share laboratories.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1974
Title Chemical analyses of Red Sea sediments
DOI 10.2973/dsdp.proc.23.129.1974
Authors Frank T. Manheim, David E. Siems
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Initial reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project
Series Number
Index ID 70207477
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

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