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Digital data in support of studies and assessments of coal and petroleum resources in the Appalachian basin

January 1, 2014

The Appalachian basin is a mature basin containing abundant oil, gas, and coal resources. Its fossil-fuel-bearing strata range in age from Cambrian to Permian and extend over the States of New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and Alabama. The basin has provided abundant fossil fuels to support the Nation’s economic growth for at least 150 years and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) assessments suggest that substantial untapped resources remain. A merger of new and old geologic data and ideas is required to locate and extract those remaining resources.

This chapter brings together abundant existing datasets in a common and integrated spatial format to advance our understanding of the distribution, geologic framework, burial history, and geochemical character of the basin’s oil, gas, and coal resources. These datasets support the information and findings in chapters B through G of this volume, which include (1) geologic cross sections, seismic profiles, and burial history models that document the depositional and structural framework of the basin; (2) assessments of Carboniferous coal-bed gas and Devonian shale gas; (3) studies about the distribution of oil, gas, and coal fields and the geochemistry of natural gas and oil; and (4) a history of fossil-fuel production in the basin.

The data that supported these studies were refined and made more accessible using geographic information system (GIS) tools. The following types of data are included: (1) the bedrock geology of States included within the boundary of the Appalachian basin, (2) the locations of oil and gas wells and fields, (3) data produced for the National Oil and Gas Assessment, and (4) the stratigraphy, geochemistry, and production of coal. Data layers are available in shapefile and Zipped Keyhole Markup Language (KMZ) formats, which can be viewed using ArcGIS, Google Earth, or any software package that supports these data formats.

Metadata for these datasets are available in HTML and XML formats. Metadata files contain information about the sources of data used to create the dataset, the creation process steps, the data quality, the geographic coordinate system and horizontal datum used for the dataset, the values of attributes used in the dataset table, information about the publication and the publishing organization, and other information that may be useful to the reader. All links in the metadata were valid at the time of compilation. Some of these links may no longer be valid. No attempt has been made to determine the new online location (if one exists) for the data.

Publication Year 2014
Title Digital data in support of studies and assessments of coal and petroleum resources in the Appalachian basin
DOI 10.3133/pp1708I.1
Authors Michael H. Trippi, Scott A. Kinney, Gregory Gunther, Robert T. Ryder, Leslie F. Ruppert
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Professional Paper
Series Number 1708
Index ID pp1708I.1
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Eastern Energy Resources Science Center