India’s second National Gas Hydrate Program expedition, NGHP-02, collected logging while drilling and sediment core data in Area C offshore eastern India, to investigate controls on the distribution and peak saturations of methane gas hydrate occurrences in buried channel, levee and fan deposits. Physical property results are presented here for the four Area C coring sites: NGHP-02-07, targeting an upper continental-slope channel deposit; NGHP-02-08 and -09, targeting levee deposits on either side of a channel further downslope, and NGHP-02-05, targeting a sequence of fan deposits extending out from the slope base. Coarse-grained sediment exists at each site, but site-specific differences in clay distribution provide significant controls on the gas hydrate distribution and saturation. At NGHP-02-07, only the upper ~4 m of a ~42 m-thick, relatively low clay-content, coarse-grained interval is inferred to be gas hydrate-bearing. NGHP-02-07 has a relatively thin, high-permeability overburden seal, and methane-rich fluid likely leaks from the primary reservoir. NGHP-02-08’s levee deposit seal is similarly permeable near the reservoir, but becomes less permeable toward the seafloor. Relative to NGHP-02-07, methane is retained more effectively in the NGHP-02-08 reservoir, but that reservoir is interbedded with layers of high clay-content, low gas hydrate saturation sediment, limiting the maximum gas hydrate content for NGHP-02-08. NGHP-02-09, the second levee deposit site, has a thicker, less permeable overburden than NGHP-02-08, combined with >50 m-thick, low clay-content reservoir sediments. Correspondingly, NGHP-02-09 has a thicker gas hydrate-bearing reservoir with consistently higher gas hydrate saturations than NGHP-02-08. NGHP-02-05 has abundant coarse-grained material spread over nearly the entire drilling interval, but the sediment is poorly sorted. Gas hydrate is distributed among several primarily coarse-grained layers, but gas hydrate saturations are limited by relatively high clay contents, and an overlying seal that is too thin and permeable to effectively retain methane in the reservoir.
|Title||Downhole physical property-based description of a gas hydrate petroleum system in NGHP-02 Area C: A channel, levee, fan complex in the Krishna-Godavari Basin offshore eastern India|
|Authors||William F. Waite, Junbong Jang, Timothy S. Collett, Ronish Kumar|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Marine and Petroleum Geology|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Coastal and Marine Geology Program|