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Estimation of upstream water use with Ohio’s StreamStats application

June 24, 2016

This report describes the analytical methods and results of a pilot study to enhance the Ohio StreamStats application by adding the ability to obtain water-use information for selected areas in the northeast quadrant of Ohio. Water-use estimates are determined in StreamStats through a simple multistep process. 

Water-use data used to develop the Ohio StreamStats water-use application were obtained from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) and 2010 countywide estimates of self-supplied domestic water use (hereafter referred to as “domestic water use”) compiled by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). With the exception of domestic water uses, monthly time series of reported water uses for 2005–2012 are used to calculate average monthly and average annual withdrawals. Domestic water use is estimated from the USGS 2010 countywide estimates, assuming that water use is distributed uniformly in space and time. Consumptive-use coefficients are used to estimate net withdrawals and facilitate computation of return flows. 

Temporary water-use registrations for hydraulic fracturing are tabulated separately from the other water uses. Water-use indices are computed by dividing average annual net withdrawals (with and without temporary registrations) by the mean October streamflow estimated with StreamStats. The water-use indices are intended to provide metrics of potential consumptive water use.