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Evaluations of Lagrangian egg drift models: From a laboratory flume to large channelized rivers

November 18, 2022

To help better interpret computational models in predicting drift of carp eggs in rivers, we present a series of model assessments for the longitudinal egg dispersion. Two three-dimensional Lagrangian particle tracking models, SDrift and FluEgg, are evaluated in a series of channels with increasing complexity. The model evaluation demonstrates that both models are able to accommodate channel complexity and provide a wide range of dispersion coefficients: Kl=0(1 − 100)Hu with H being water depth and u being shear velocity. In a straight channel with Kl=0(1)Hu SDrift predicts weaker longitudinal dispersion than FluEgg in the early stage as a result of weak vertical mixing associated with smooth wall turbulence. With sufficient time, SDrift and FluEgg predict similar egg dispersion, accounting for the differential advection due to the vertical velocity profile. In an idealized curved channel with Kl=0(10)Hu, dispersion is driven by both vertical and transverse velocity profiles. SDrift yields slightly larger dispersion coefficients than FluEgg. In a real river with channel-training structures and having Kl=0(100)Hu SDrift predicts a stronger longitudinal dispersion than FluEgg due to substantial local turbulent eddies and velocity gradients. To summarize, FluEgg shows good performance in capturing dispersion due to vertical velocity profiles and cross-channel velocity gradients. SDrift shows excellent model capabilities of revealing various dispersion mechanisms in addition to the vertical and cross-channel velocity variations. They include the initial turbulent diffusion stage with growing dispersion coefficients and strong dispersion due to in-stream hydraulic structures and localized turbulence.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2023
Title Evaluations of Lagrangian egg drift models: From a laboratory flume to large channelized rivers
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2022.110200
Authors Geng Li, Caroline M. Elliott, Bruce Call, Duane C. Chapman, Robert B. Jacobson, Binbin Wang
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Ecological Modelling
Index ID 70240255
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Columbia Environmental Research Center