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Fault displacement hazard for strike-slip faults

December 31, 2018

In this paper we summarize data, methods, and models developed for a probabilistic assessment of fault displacement hazards across the U.S. We compare earthquake displacement data and empirical fault displacement models that have been developed for normal faults, strike-slip faults, and reverse faults. In general, the data and models are similar near the center of the fault for the three faulting types, but differ near the ends with the strike-slip data being lower than the reverse and normal faulting data. We also compare these U.S. models with data and equations developed using Japanese fault displacement data. The Japan model is also similar to the U.S. models near the center of the fault but decays less rapidly near the ends of the fault. In addition, we discuss impacts of models developed to analyze off-fault strain on secondary faults, multi-strand displacement hazard, and various mapping quality factors. For our study, we show example fault displacements for a M 7 fault with recurrence of 800 and 1600 years. We conclude that a deterministic assessment of fault displacements is often higher than the probabilistic displacements for less active faults with earthquake rupture recurrence that is longer than the hazard return period of interest. Fault displacement hazard is applied in engineering applications for buildings, bridges, pipelines, and nuclear facilities. We present three applications for fault displacement hazard at nuclear facilities and important structures.

Publication Year 2018
Title Fault displacement hazard for strike-slip faults
Authors Mark D. Petersen, Rui Chen
Publication Type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Index ID 70197878
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earthquake Science Center; Geologic Hazards Science Center