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Gas hydrate in nature

January 17, 2018

Gas hydrate is a naturally occurring, ice-like substance that forms when water and gas combine under high pressure and at moderate temperatures. Methane is the most common gas present in gas hydrate, although other gases may also be included in hydrate structures, particularly in areas close to conventional oil and gas reservoirs. Gas hydrate is widespread in ocean-bottom sediments at water depths greater than 300–500 meters (m; 984–1,640 feet [ft]) and is also present in areas with permanently frozen ground (permafrost). Several countries are evaluating gas hydrate as a possible energy resource in deepwater or permafrost settings. Gas hydrate is also under investigation to determine how environmental change may affect these deposits.

Publication Year 2018
Title Gas hydrate in nature
DOI 10.3133/fs20173080
Authors Carolyn D. Ruppel
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Fact Sheet
Series Number 2017-3080
Index ID fs20173080
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center