Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Glaciers of South America

May 1, 1999

Landsat images, together with maps and aerial photographs, have been used to produce glacier inventories, define glacier locations, and study glacier dynamics in the countries of South America, along with the Andes Mountains. In Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Bolivia, the small glaciers have been undergoing extensive glacier recession since the late 1800's. Glacier-related hazards (outburst floods, mud flows, and debris avalanches) occur in Colombia, in Ecuador, and associated with the more extensive (2,600 km2) glaciers of Peru. The largest area of glacier ice is found in Argentina and Chile, including the northern Patagonian ice field (about 4,200 km2) and the southern Patagonian ice field (about 13,000 km2), the largest glacier in the Southern Hemisphere outside Antarctica.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1998
Title Glaciers of South America
DOI 10.3133/pp1386I
Authors Richard S. Williams, Jane G. Ferrigno
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Professional Paper
Series Number 1386
Index ID pp1386I
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center